Week 1 Notes
Week 1 Notes Psychology 201 (Mind and Brain)
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tayler Cobb on Thursday March 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psychology 201 (Mind and Brain) at University of Oregon taught by Dasa Zeithamova Demircan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see psychology 201 Mind and Brain in Psychlogy at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 03/10/16
Psychology 201Mind and Brain Week 1 • Mind, Brain, Behavior Mind= private inner experience for perception, thought, memories and feelings Behavior= observed actions of humans and nonhuman animals • Scientific: systematic, empirical research Are we attracted to similarity or differences? refer to phrase “opposites attract” “birds of a feather flock together” *similar couples are more common than opposites Nature vs Nurture why are we the way we are? • Nativism: cannon learn everything they know just by experience • Empiricism: all knowledge is learned through experience • How do we learn things (as scientists)? • Rationalism: Knowledge is based on experience and experimentation Galileo—> study (idea) heavy falls after than light object Through experiment he found they fall at the same rate. The Mind/Body Problem Is mind separate from brain or is mind the product of brain activity? • Dualism: plato (429347 BCE) body is from material world, soul is world of ideas and is immortal • Monism: Hippocrates (460370 BCE) The world can be explained by only 1 category of substance (materialism vs idealism) brain= seat of thought and emotion • Aristotle Heart= Seat of emotions and the brain is just a “cooling object” Philosophical debate in the 1600’s • Descartes (dualism) External soul controlled the body through an interface within the pineal gland. • Hobbes (type pf monism called materialism) Only matter and energy exist all human thought and behavior can be explained in terms of physical processes in the body, specifically in the brain • Phrenology: Would feel bumps on head to determine intelligence study of the structure of the skull failed attempt Modularity: Of mental Function Localization: Of mental Function *still use these today • Broca’s Aphasia: some of first good Evidence for localization of complex cognitive process of brain (1861) people with this have difficulty with speech production but have a relative understanding for speech production. *son….university…smart….boy…good….good… suggest a specific part of the brain is for speech • Wernickle’s Aphasia: Patients can produce language but nothing makes sense. damage of more posterior brain Babyhood of Psychology • William Wundt 1879 reasoned that mental events take time and can be measured (subtraction method) • Introspection: looking inside, observing and recording ones own thoughts and experiences • Edward Titchener: structuralism used intro to break apart and examine individual components (quality, duration, intensity, clarity) • Gestalt Psychology: what are the laws of our ability to have • William James 1890 principles of psychology stream of conciseness cannot be frozen mind is more complex than individual elements • Functionalism: emphasized what individual mental process are for • Sigmund Freud: behavior is influenced by mental processes operation and outside awareness. • Lack of verification: lack of public access to introspection, misinterpretations can never be resolved. • behaviorism: Study of observable environment (John Watson) • Lasting Contribution: careful experimental Approach • Cognitive psychology: Not just behavior but also Mind
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