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CLS 1500

by: Kendyll Haven

CLS 1500 CLS 1500 - 02

Kendyll Haven
GPA 3.54
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These notes cover the reforms of Kleisthenes, the Persian War, and the beginning Athenian empire, along with the beginning or Athenian government
Introduction to Greek and Roman Culture
Aaron David Wolpert
Class Notes
Persian War, Greece, Kleisthenes




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kendyll Haven on Thursday March 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CLS 1500 - 02 at Wright State University taught by Aaron David Wolpert in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Greek and Roman Culture in Classical Studies at Wright State University.

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Date Created: 03/10/16
Notes for Reforms of Kleisthenes, the Persian Threat, Athenian Government Reforms of Kleisthenes  Isonomia meant “balanced law” that was said to be equally applied to all members of  Athenian society o Kleisthenes rid of pre­existing tribes in Greece, replacing them with new made up tribes that would equalize aristocratic power and reduce the threat of tyranny   Each tribe was made up of one coastal tribe, one rural tribe, and one urban tribe  Ostracism o A broken piece of pottery was given to each aristocrat, a name was carved into the piece.  The name was of the person who each aristocrat wanted to exile.   Many people would be exiled if they merely seemed too popular, as the  aristocrats would get suspicious o Slowing Tyranny  Athenian aristocrats were too distracted by the external threat of the  Persians to attempt tyranny internally Persian Threat  Cyrus the Great o 539 to 522 BCE o The first to attempt imperialism o Documents showed that the Persian imperialized regions combined traditional art  with Persian art (glazed tiling) o Persia was successful in overtaking regions because they did not attempt to  change anyone’s beliefs or practices; they believed it would lead to an uprising  Persian Imperial Strategies o Taxation was often voluntarily partaken in o Satraps­ managers of taxation o The multi­cultural empire tolerated cultural differences for the first time o When the empire demanded submission to their imperialism (a bucket of earth  and a bucket of water for a symbolic surrender), the Athenians believed they’d  rather fight than be “slaves” to a single ruler  Persian War o Ionians revolt against the Persian satrap; Athenian allies with Ionian cities right  before their defeat o Darlos demands submission from every Greek city­state and most comply, except  for the Athenians  The Athenians win an impossible victory against the Persian army o New veins of silver are opened in a mine, and a man named Themistocles comes  forward, suggesting the silver be used to build a strong navy, as the Persians are a  skilled land military, and lack in naval power  The famous Spartan Leonitus leads an army of 300 men to defend a small  pass way against the Persians, but fail soon after beginning to fight.   o After hearing of the defeat of the 300, Themistocles evacuates the Athenians to a  nearby island called Salamos, and in this, Athens wins another unlikely victory. o The Persians demolish Athens, because it was left completely undefended when  the city was evacuated  The first temple built for worshipping Athena was left in ruins as a  reminder (similar to Ground Zero) o Tyranny was eventually deemed very improbable, because everyone had believed  the Persians were corrupted by money and material things (money was something  a wannabe tyrant had to have) Athenian Empire  The Spartans were chosen to lead maneuvers against Persia when Greece decided to  claim the offensive side of battle o The king of Sparta and the king of Persia became too close and people became  suspicious of their relationship (as they were supposed to be foes)  The Persians attempted to blockade a pass on the Mediterranean sea, blocking the export  of resources that Greece needed o The Athenian navy defeated the Persians in the pass  Delion League o Several Greek city­states were in alliance with each other and they pooled taxed  to creat a large, powerful navy that would protect the coast of Greece  Collected taxes were pooled on a neutral island in the Mediterranean o Whenever one of the city­states wanted to exit the voluntary alliance, Greece  would go to the cities and execute their rulers (Similar to a mod… “It’d be a  shame if something were to happen to your city…”) o A strong military speaker, Pericles, decided to move the pooled taxes from the  neutral island into the acropolis in Athens.  Athenian Government  Pericles sets up an assembly of citizens that would make and decide on laws; all  decisions were made in these assemblies and all the decisions were final  o The term “citizen” only applied to those who were free men, who owned land,  that were older than 20 years o Magistrates (nine executives) were elected as ritual officials and served one year  terms, non­consecutively o Athenian police were often foreign mercenaries  There was a devastating earthquake that damaged Sparta, but when Athens attempted to  help, the Spartans refused o The Athenians lose in a small battle against the Spartans and they are forced to  sign a thirty year peace treaty


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