New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Week 6 Notes

by: Victoria Miller

Week 6 Notes HY 362

Victoria Miller
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Russia-Soviet Union since 1894

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Russia-Soviet Union since 1894 notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

These notes cover Stalinist Russia and the farm collectivization.
Russia-Soviet Union since 1894
Margaret Peacock
Class Notes
history, Soviet Union, Russian Revolution, Bolsheviks, Western Civ




Popular in Russia-Soviet Union since 1894

Popular in History

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Victoria Miller on Thursday March 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY 362 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Margaret Peacock in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Russia-Soviet Union since 1894 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


Reviews for Week 6 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/10/16
Week 6  Stalin cont. o Why did the rank and file go along?  There were a lot of them. They were less revolutionary and more obedient  The “Lenin Enrollment”  ½ million workers allowed to join party in 1924  Don in order to democratize the party but consequences were the opposite and creates a more submissive party  Stalin could build networks of supporters  Stalin’s administrative power helped  Got rid of Kamenev and Zinoviev o Why was Stalin so successful?  He struck a nerve  There was already a lot of resentment towards NEP o Russia’s economic growth is really slow  NEP had economic and political problems o Lots of people are convinced capitalist counties are going to invade and they won’t be prepared to defend themselves o People wanted a more heroic and aggressive approach to communism o Gladkov’s novel, Cement  Stalin’s Russia o Stalin and the Great Turn  1921 – The Party reverses the collectivist policies of War Communism in exchange for limited privatization with the NEP  The First Five Year Plan in Industry 1928-1933  “The Great Turn” – revolutionary change  The Revolution from Above  Characterized by: o Militant class struggle o Idealistic faith in the Cause o Collective and individual calls to heroism o Brutality and suffering o The militarization and politicization of economics in mainstream culture  The goals of the First 5 Yr Plan o To remake the land o To remake, or re-forge the Soviet citizen  All reflecting the “politicization and militarization of economics”  Political Manifesto o How the new political world is going to look o How does it become this?  The language of the military related to the economy  Dishonor if people didn’t participate and buy into the program  The Effects of the First Five Year Plan in Industry  In Industry o Unbalanced economic growth:  Heavy industry prioritized over consumer goods  Heavy industry itself suffered from over and under production and a lack of effective centralized planning  Quality of goods also suffered o But also, impressive achievement:  Production did increase (even though everyone lied)  New industrial areas were created in once deserted areas of Russia  A foundation was laid for future economic growth from 1933 on  If Stalin hadn’t done this, then they might not have been strong enough to beat the Germans in WWII o Collectivization of Agriculture  In 1937, agrarian development is also conceptualized in terms of a military crusade  “class war against exploiters” and the forced requisitioning of grain from the countryside  Early results were promising, but growth falters because peasants simply sow less land meaning there is less grain for the State to collect  In 1929, Stalin announces a new campaign against the countryside  The state is now in complete control of the countryside  Total elimination of the Kulaks as a class and total collectivization of agriculture  The state uses violent tactics to bring the Kolkhoz, the collective farm, under heel  Resistance  Peasants resist actively and passively to the coercion they experience from the State: o People left villages and went to the cities  Caused such an issue, they had to implement an internal passport system o People got drunk all the time and don’t go to work o Work hard on your own little land and not do shit for the communal farm o Have women speak out and protest because their odds of getting beat up/punished were less than for a man o Mass slaughter of livestock rather than handing them over to the collective farm  This meant no more fertilizer, no draft power, no more meat or dairy or eggs  Effects of Collectivization  Positive early results for the State o Procurements rise o The peasantry is under control of the state  Negative long term effects for agriculture o Peasants refuse to exert themselves o Productivity suffers o Return to second-serfdom  High human consequence o Traditional life is destroyed o Forced famine in the Ukraine in 1932-1933  intentional genocide  If resistance is dead, then there is no resistance  Ethnic cleansing in order to take over viable land that Russia didn’t have  End Ukrainian nationalism o The Cultural Revolution  Characteristics of the Cultural Revolution:  Social purging based on class o People put on trial for not being from a working class background  Generational conflicts (get rid of the old, bring in the new)  New ideas about education and planning of space  electrification  The revolution would transform man’s individual spirit as well as society at large o Was the First Five Year Plan a reflection of totalitarianism or mass participation? o High Stalinism, 1930s  Totalitarianism vs. the Revisionists  A time of tyranny  In culture o Censorship (a cultural iron curtain) o Uniformity in culture and arts – Socialists Realism, conservativism  Function of art is to meet the needs of the State  In everyday life o Radical policies are reversed to conventional tropes in relation to the family, homosexuality, abortion, and the role of women  In economic development o The Radicalism of the First 5 Yr Plan is abandoned o Exchanged for status, wealth, or comfort, traditional education  Cult of the leader emerges  Mobilization of external and internal enemies


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.