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CCJ3024 L15 notes from 3/10

by: Haley Kairab

CCJ3024 L15 notes from 3/10 CCJ3024

Haley Kairab

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These are the notes that Dr. Krohn covered on 3/10 from Lecture 15.
Advanced Principles of Criminology Justice
Dr. Marvin Krohn
Class Notes
advacned principles of criminal justice, criminology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Haley Kairab on Thursday March 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CCJ3024 at University of Florida taught by Dr. Marvin Krohn in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Advanced Principles of Criminology Justice in Criminology and Criminal Justice at University of Florida.

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Date Created: 03/10/16
CCJ3024 NOTES Lecture 15 (3/10) – Socialization Theories: Social Control Theory Assumptions  Deviant behavior is attractive  Do not have to explain motivation for deviance – amotivational theory  Have to ask why we do not commit deviant behavior Constraint may operate at different levels of aggregation  Social Disorganization Theory – neighborhood community level  Self Esteem Theories and Self Control Theories – individual level  Social Bonding Theory – group institutional level Travis Hirschi – Causes of Delinquency 1969  We refrain from committing deviant behavior because we are bonded to conventional society  It is only when the bond is broken or weakened that we are free to commit deviant behavior We area bonded through four elements of the social bond  Attachment – the affective tie that we have with others o Parents  Quality of the relationship  Monitoring and supervision  Psychological presence o Peers  Problematic part of Hirschi’s theory o Commitment  To future conventional goals and current activities o Involvement in conventional activities – “idle hands are the devil’s workshop” o Belief in general values of conventional society o When any of these elements are weakened or severed, individuals are freed from conventional constraints and are in a position to deviate o Note that we say “are in a position to deviate” because we have not included a motivation to deviate How the theory works  Explain the age crime curve with the theory  Teenage years  Early adulthood – Becker’s concept of the side bets  Later adulthood Research on the theory  Moderately supportive – does not explain a lot of variance  Why?  More effective for less serious deviant behaviors  Why?  Cross sectional results more supportive that longitudinal  Why? Prevention programs based on the theory  The between individual and group or institution  Particularly effective if you can include parental involvement o (combination of all four elements)  Denise Gottfredson’s school based prevention programs Gottfredson and Hirschi  Unusual to have a theorist (Hirschi) known for two theoretical perspectives  A general theory of crime  Begin with the premise that you can learn from characteristics of crime o Immediate gratification o Easy to do/Exciting o Risky o Little skill o Resulting in pain or discomfort  From those characteristics they deduce that people with low self-control tend to be: o Impulsive o Insensitive o Physical o Risk-taking o Short sighted o Non-verbal  Self-control is seen to determine how vulnerable people are to temptations – the propensity to commit crime they suggest that it is developed early in life and remains more or less stable  Influence of new friends or family will have minimal effect on the propensity to commit crime Development of self-control  Ineffective child rearing o Monitoring/attachment o Recognition of deviant behavior o Punish deviant acts


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