Week 4 Notes
Popular in History of Rock and Roll
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cynthia Bressler on Friday September 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Music 170 at Kansas State University taught by Dr. Maxwell in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 25 views.
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Date Created: 09/18/15
Week 4 Jerry Lee Lewis Piano playersinger Wild manic performance style similar to Little Richard Several hits over all 3 charts Great Balls of Fire 1957quot Breathless HS Confidential Scandal devastated his career in late 19505 After being married twice his new wife was 13 amp also his cousin Created a bad stereotype Buddy Holly Charles Hardin Holley 1St major RampR performer to be in uenced by country amp blues Spent time with Elvis amp little Richard Originally signed to Deca Records in Nashville Formed band the Crickets o That ll Be the Dayquot 1957 Peggy Sue 1957 Holly as a songwriter super in uential to later rockers He had happy amp positive songs that he wrote himself Killed in place crash February 1959 Chapter 3 The Day the Music Died 2 Major setbacks for Rock amp Roll End of 19505 most important artists were out of the picture 0 Elvis went into the army Buddy Holly died in crash Ierry Lee Lewis cousin scandal Chuck Berry violated the Mann Act amp Little Richard became a minister Payola Scandal No legalization for playingbuying or being paid for playing music on radio 0 Law began looking into how the disk jockeys were being paid to play records It wasn t illegal except for the fact they weren t declaring the money in their tax statement as income Alan Freed s career was destroyed after pleading guilty to taking bribes in Dec 1962 o 6 months suspended sentence 300 fine no one wanted to hire him after 0 died from alcoholism years later Problems created by the Emergence of Rock amp Roll during the 505 Rock amp Roll posed a threat to the music business old guard Wrong people had been in control musicians disk jockeys Indie record labels These members of the industry were shaken by the Payola scandal 505 artists were most dominant early 60s Indie labels that d become major Rock amp Roll labels were most dominant Rock amp Roll tamed down during the early 605 Big corporations tried to domesticate rock amp roll by introducing new concepts Teen idols girl groups revamped version of Tin Pan Alley using professional songwriters Two distinctly contrasting styles emerged and were marketed at 2 distinctly different age groups 0 Younger teens Teen idols with nonsexual songs about romance amp dancing 0 Older audience college aged who had grown up with 50s iconic rock amp roll folk music with focus on social political and cultural issues The Brill Building and Aldon Publishing Clear return to music publishing attitudes found in Tin Pan Alley write songs find artists that fit 0 Professional corporate music publishers songwriters producers and musicians Brill Building 0 Actual location was where professional songwriters created songs for their publisheremployers 0 Office had many small rooms with piano for songwriters who worked all day there Songwriter teams had one job write new pop songs 0 Competitive environment among songwriters Singers weren t as important as before it was more about their image and the song they were given I This is how music executives regained power over performers Teen Idols Pat Boone vs Elvis 0 Elvis originally presented a rebellious image while Pat Boone was clean cut Lipsynced on stage to original record with no band sometimes no mic American Bandstand Adaptation of rock amp roll radio program to television Developed for teens in 1950s 0 Bunches of teenagers assembled in TV studio and danced as current hit records played Special guests performed mimicked their hits Led to Dance Craze o Took out sexual innuendo of rock amp roll and instead replaced it with dancing 0 Chubby Checker The Twistquot 1960 0 New dance moves the y the fish the mashed potato Within a month in was top rated daytime TV show in US Dick Clark given unusual amount of freedom to pick songs for show Presented a balance of white amp black performers Helped soothe racial tensions Remained on the air until well after the appearance of MTV in 1980s Show defined and identified the new youth culture on a national level Motion pictures also moved in this direction 0 Films focused on teen interests Beach movies ft teen idols Featured newest styles of dancing 0 Films amp TV built a teen culture audience that would be in place when Beatles arrived Rock amp Roll had now been made more acceptable to adults Finally became a valid part of American culture The Rise of the Producer in Pop Music Originally the producer worked for the label During the 50s the sound was meant to be that of a documentation of a live performance Producers could start putting their own style in music Leiber amp Stoller were the first important production team Began as songwriting partners for rhythm amp blues Extremely in uential to other songwriting teams New approach became to see what could be created inside the recording studio Pack up and move to NY s Atlantic Records after they had 3 RampB hits with the Robins in LA Atlantic offered them producer positions but they maintained independent status which allowed them to work with artists they were interested in as well as Atlantic artists 1956 Elvis convered their song Hound Dog Reached 1 Little Egypt Ying Yang 0 Song with story and produced layering sound Stoller had formal music training 0 Would implement orchestral sounds into rock amp roll which created a new sound and became in uential In uence on girlgroup songwriterproducers 0 First notable song Will You Love Me Tomorrowquot 1960 Shirelles 0 Songs now have produced song not live sound Phil Spector amp the Wall of Sound Most ambitious producer of the early 1960s Came up with new ideas of sound and ways to record it Demanded total control of recording process so he could have a signature sound 0 Ronettes Be my Babyquot 1963 Introduced another production innovation in late 1964 0 You ve Lost that Lovin Feelingquot Righteous Brothers 0 creates overwhelming feel to sound in music Subsequent producers amp artists would have these songs as models of creativity 0 Beatles Beach Boys Psychedelic era groups Rockabilly pop Everly Brothers Don amp Phil 21 top 40 hits Voices blended together in harmony extremely well Matched sound cause brothers Bye Bye Lovequot 1957 Wake Up Little Susiequot 1957 All I have to do Is dreamquot
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