health notes ch.7
health notes ch.7 Public health 2000
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by rh389814 on Thursday March 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Public health 2000 at Ohio University taught by Heather Harmon in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Intro to public health in Public Health at Ohio University.
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Date Created: 03/10/16
Ch. 7 health notes Maternal, infant and child health: health of mother during period that she is carrying a child and the health of the child from birth to adolescence. Many different definitions of family o Some families have two moms or two dads or even a single parent compared to the traditional one mom one dad. o 50% of marriages end in divorce, many families have stepparents and siblings and even half siblings Unmarried women have more negative birth outcomes when compared to married women, unmarried women are also less likely to receive prenatal care, and more likely to rely on federal or governmental aid. Teen pregnancy rate is decreasing Teen moms are more likely to: o Drop out of school o Have marriage end in divorce or remain unmarried o Depend on government assistance o Live in poverty o Smoke during pregnancy o Have a preterm birth o Have complications 1 in 3 women get pregnant before age 20. Family planning o ½ of pregnancies in US are unintended, 40% of which end in abortion o Helps to determine and plan the number of children you want and the spacing of those children. o Title X: provides poor with family planning services o Provides clients with more than just abortions Birth control Mammograms Roe v. Wade: court case making abortion legal in US o Prolife: belief that abortion is murder, aka abortion should be illegal o Prochoice: belief that women have a right to their body, aka abortion should be legal Maternal health o 23 women die from pregnancy complications each day in the US Prenatal care: care provided to a pregnant woman from the time of conception to birth to make sure the baby is healthy o A woman who does not get prenatal care is 3x more likely to have a baby with low birth weight than those who do receive it, and the baby is 4x more likely to die in infancy Preterm babies: born before 37 weeks in the mother’s womb Smoking: smoking during pregnancy is leading cause of low birth weight (more complications can arise than just low birth weight) Alcohol/drugs: using alcohol/drugs during pregnancy can lead to a number of problems with your baby o Fetal alcohol syndrome o Some babies can be born already addicted to drugs such as heroin Breastfeeding: babies should be breast fed throughout his/her first year rd SIDS “crib death”, 3 leading cause of infant death Child maltreatment: physical, sexual, mental, verbal abuse, neglect, abandonment, exploitation, etc. o Often causes delayed growth
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