HIST 1301, Week 4, Lecture Notes
HIST 1301, Week 4, Lecture Notes HIST 1301
Popular in History of U.S. to 1865
Popular in History
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Pankuch on Friday September 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1301 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Manuel B Ramirez in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see History of U.S. to 1865 in History at University of Texas at El Paso.
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Date Created: 09/18/15
HIST 1301 Professor Manuel Ramirez Email mbramirezutepedu Lecture Notes Fourth Week The Great Awakening Occurred during the 1730s and 40s A great religious revival because of diminishing religious devotion and piety Reasons the Awakening Came Westward settlement Churches did exist in frontiers but were staffed by unskilled ministers Materialism Debt Worldliness and Decline of the power of the Church Halfway Covenant 2nd and 3rd generation individuals who had not experienced conversion Covenant allowed them to be baptized but not a part of the running of the church or to partake of communion Most Puritans in New England rejected the covenant Anyone could become a member Itinerant Preachers 0f the Awakening Were traveling preachers John and Charles Weasley The English founders of Methodists 1730s George Whitefield Was impacted by the Weasley brothers Attracted crowds of up to 40000 people Jonathon Edwards The greatest minister of the Awakening A Puritan and Congregationalist Jonathon Edwards Beliefs Strict Puritan Emphasized the corruption of human nature and the fury of God s wrath Used vivid depictions of Hell Grace salvation instead of works Results Emotional conversions Felt the Spirit of God Spoke in tongues Undermined the established congregations of Anglicans and Congregationalists Increased the popularity of Methodists Baptists and Presbyterians Increased religious diversity Brought about greater tolerance for Protestant denominations The Enlightenment Began in Europe largely because of scientific advances Arrived in America in the early 1700s Celebrate reason above all else Benj amin Franklin Epitomized the Enlightenment Wrote articles on geology medicine astronomy and physics Wrote a book on electricity Scientific Advances 0f the Enlightenment Copernicus and the suncentered theory Isaac Newton and the theory of gravity The ideas that the universe could be understood and functioned according to natural laws Natural laws also came into practice with supply and demand in economics and the proper role of government Reason and Scientific Enquiry Belief that humans advance through reason Society should be based on reason Reason should be used to determine right or wrong Impact on Religion Reason and the use of it alone eliminated the need for religion The philosophy came about that God did create the universe but left it alone to its own devices Education in the Colonial Period Race and region determined the levels of education New England had the highest education rates Massachusetts was at the forefront of educating its citizens Puritans had the highest rates among themselves Generally males were literate in women the rates were lower White Males Had the highest literacy levels Women Had less access to education Attended Dame Schools Emphasized basic education such as reading or writing Indians Some missionaries established schools Most Indians were educated by their own people Blacks Lacked access to education Their education was seen as a waste Slave owners feared that blacks would learn new ideas wouldn t be content as slaves Slave owners feared that communication through reading and writing would bring higher possibilities of slave revolt and the forging of passes Universities Emerge from religion and the Enlightenment Religious uses for educating ministers The first secular university was the University of Pennsylvania Taught government languages and agriculture Law in the Colonies Differed from English law but had English roots such as trial by jury Dijj erent Punishments Most criminals were not sent to prison because of labor shortages If there were prisoners they were awaiting execution Whipped or branded Could have body parts cut off such as an ear or your nose Stocks Dunking stool Zenger case Showed that crimes in England were not necessarily crimes in British North America In England if someone verbally attacked a public official they would be imprisoned In America if the attack was true the person was not liable Politics in the Colonies England gave autonomy to the colonies The colonies were used to isolation from England Accustomed to running their own affairs Colonial assemblies made the laws for each colony Tradition of Neglect Sa1utary Neglect Neglect of the colonies for the benefit of England and the colonies Coined by British Prime Minister Robert Walpole Navigation Acts In theory were supposed to regulate trade Were for most part ignored by the colonists Privy Council Governed the day to day affairs of the entire British Empire There was no specific council for the colonies Positions were gained through political connections or bribery The administration was decentralized and ineffective The officials in the colonies were incompetent and took bribes Separated Colonies The colonies didn t view themselves as a single unit Viewed themselves as separate colonies independent of each other Albany Plan of Union Proposed by Benjamin Franklin Would establish a central government to defend the colonies against the Indians The phrase used to encourage people to the join the plan was Join or Die The plan was defeated Struggle for the Continent Tensions between England and France were rising Indians used the two countries against each other English gave the Indians manufactured goods But the French gave tolerance towards the Indians way of life Indians preferred the French because they wanted independence The French in the Colonies Were interested in mineral wealth to some degree Converted Indians to Catholicism Large numbers of missionaries and fur trappers French Explorers Jaques Marquette 1670s explored from Lake Michigan to St Louis Rene Robert Cavalier La Salle 1682 explored the New Orleans region Named it Louisiana after King Louis Settlement Patterns Missions forts trading centers and farms Established the cities of Quebec Detroit Mobile and the capitol of New Orleans Who lived in the French Territories Missionaries trappers traders and mostly Native Americans 1750 the French population was 80000 Bulk of population were Native Americans