personality psychology, 2-5 notes, test 2
personality psychology, 2-5 notes, test 2 Psych 319
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordan Miller on Thursday March 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 319 at Indiana University taught by Dr. Alan Roberts in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Personality Psychology in Psychlogy at Indiana University.
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Date Created: 03/10/16
Psych 319 2-5 02/05/2016 ▯ Nisbett and Wilson Frightening that one does not have more knowledge over ones mind than an outsider walking the streets ▯ Unconscious emotional- Facial feedback Arrangement of facial muscles influences a persons emotional state and judgments Zajonc et al o Subjects read stories that either did or did not have many words with the “u” sound o Rated stories with “u” sound as less pleasant and less well- like people held pencil with teeth and lips, group holding with teeth were significantly happier because holding with teeth forced them to smile ▯ Implicit thought Asked patients to tie two ropes on ceiling together, but couldn’t because they were too far apart, had to swing one then grab the other and bring it closer, if it took too long he would help but then subject would deny that solving it had anything to do with him bumping the cord, had no awareness of how that clue lead to the solution ▯ Unconscious motivation Projective tests (TAT)- shown a card and must create story behind it, evaluated for different motivations, can predict behavior o Responses to these measures are typically uncorrelated with measures of conscious (self-reported) motivation but are highly correlated with actual behavior People don’t understand their own motivations ▯ Social unconscious How are thoughts, feelings towards other people can be unconscious Implicit vs explicit attitudes Greenwald and Banaji expanded the implicit and explicit memory distinction to social behavior Goal was to use implicit techniques to assess attitudes that could not be adequately assessed through self report Developed IAT (implicit-association test) A computer based measure that assesses automatic associations to social categories Implicit associations test o White/black, good/bad, white or good/black of bad, white or bad/black or good o Premade associations will be quicker in the mind based on unconscious biases ▯ Bargh study Making study of unconscious acceptable again (back to late-80’s) Received much backlash and hate Priming- dealing with unconscious motivation o Exposed to hot substance (elicited happy polite behavior) o Exposed to cold substance (elicited colder reaction and people didn’t approve) ▯ Cleanliness reduces severity of moral judgments Behavior and judgments are being manipulated by subtle environmental signs/manipulations ▯ ▯ Exam: 50 MC questions over things we’ve learned/read depth of journals equivalent to what we learned in class exams are conceptual instead of detail or fact based ▯ ▯ ▯