Week 5 notes
Popular in Arts and Society: Visual
Popular in Art
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lane Paulson on Friday September 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ART 176 at Illinois State University taught by Vanessa Schulman in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see Arts and Society: Visual in Art at Illinois State University.
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Date Created: 09/18/15
The American Civil War Benjamin West The Death of General Wolfe 1770 0 Painting is a scene from French amp Indian war 0 People in paintings dressed in contemporary clothing 0 Becomes most important history painter in the US in the colonial world 0 Becomes president of British Royal Academy John Trumbull The Death of General Warren at the Battle of Bunker s Hill 1785 o Trumbull was one of West39s students Emanuel Leutze Washington Crossing the Delaware 1851 0 German immigrant artist known for extremely patriotic history paintings Civil war presents problem for history painters 0 Many people at the time did not understand why the war was being fought o For history painting to work everyone must have a uni ed idea of what they are ghting for did not exist during civil war 0 Two sides in the same country ghting against each other goal of a history painting is to unify a country 0 Civil war marks end of history painting as a genre Constant Mayer Recognition 1865 0 Man next to dead former friend Attempted to be a history painting but failed 0 quotSuch a painting as this must always stir our feelings with a throb of sympathy while it melts us to pity and tendernessquot anonymous critic 1866 Sympathy is wrong emotion to feel for a history painting 0 History painting fail Dennis Malone Carter Lincoln s Drive Through Richmond 1866 0 Too gloating against the South doesn39t have unifying uplifting moral narrative 0 History painting fail George Barnard The Ruins of Charleston South Carolina 1865 Winslow Homer Sharpshooter 1862 o Considered one of the more successful paintings of the civil war Does not lie to viewer 0 Worked in popular magazine called Harper s Weeky Recreated painting in magazine using wood engraving 0 New kind of warfare Considered type of murder unfair Winslow Homer Skirmish in the Wilderness 1864 o quotSuddenly he saw before him a strange moving object which he took to be some large animalTo his right and left were many more the whole open space about him was alive with them They were menquot Ambrose Bierce quotChickamaugaquot o quotThe war that no one sawquot referring to the civil war In the forest it was dark and hard to see 0 Very unclear realistic according to those who participated in the war 0 The Photographic quotIndexquot 0 A photograph is a chemical record of an object that has existed in the world Light bouncing off the object creates the photograph A photo is a direct physical imprint or quotindexquot of its subject 0 Wagons and Camera of Sam A Cooley US Photographer 186165 0 Timothy H O39Sullivan A Harvest ofDeath at Gettysburg 1863 0 quotOwing to its indexical properties that is that a photograph retains a 39trace39 of an actual existence as does say a footprint photography seemed to be entirely objectivequot photo historian Brain Wallis o Mathew Brady Dead Soldiers Antietam 1862 o Showed REAL WAR amp death