Intro to Philosophy: Greek Foundations Notes Week Seven
Intro to Philosophy: Greek Foundations Notes Week Seven Philosophy 10200
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Gendron on Thursday March 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Philosophy 10200 at Ithaca College taught by Prof. Robert Klee in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Philosophy Greek Foundations in PHIL-Philosophy at Ithaca College.
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Date Created: 03/10/16
Intro To Philosophy Greek Foundations Notes Week Seven Socrates- Born in Athens in 469 B.C.E. o Lifelong citizen of Athens until his execution in 399 B.C.E. Philosophy changed forever with him and it is argued whether or not that change was for the better or worse He was killed after “trumped-up” charges (scholars believed he was victimized because of his friendship with recently deposed politicians) o He was charged for corrupting the youth of Athens, and setting up false gods (which in reality was just the concept of ‘logos’) He wrote nothing himself – he claimed to be illiterate He was supposedly a stone mason Served in the Athenian army – distinguished himself by bravery in combat o Legend says that he could march for days without food, and fight without sleep, and drink alcohol all night long without getting drunk His physical description describes him as; Bald, short yet muscular, pot bellied (which kept growing with age), bulging eyes, and a pug nose Mesmerizing and humorous – He was famous among Athenians for being said to have had sexual relations with many of his young male pupils Hagiography – A biography in which the person writing it tells of no flaws about the subject. They are portrayed as being flawless; they have a reverence for them. A bias. Authorities denied Socrates’ suggested substitution punishment of paying 30 Mina ($20,000) instead of his execution He refused to escape when his students came to set him free from prison Plato (428-347(8) B.C.E) Born in Athens Very wealthy by birth Famous wrestler, ‘Plato’ means ‘rock’ speaking to how others couldn’t pin him down Socrates was a friend of his older brothers Interested in Politics and Government Plato was not among the 14 who witnessed the death of Socrates The three groupings of his writings show a philosophical evolution as Plato changed his mind about various technical philosophical points o By his late pieces he was using Socrates as a mouthpiece to say things Socrates never would have actually said during his life ‘Timaeus’ was the only dialogue that survived the classical period, until the 12 -13 Century when copies of his works were found in Muslim libraries during the Crusades 11 years after Socrates’ death Plato went to Sicily o A tyrant’s son invited him to try out the concept of his ‘perfect state’ that he wrote about in ‘The Republic’ in Syracuse Elenchus- The name of Socrates’ method o Some concept that is difficult to understand (ex. Piety, Courage, Love, Friendship, Virtue He had a dismissive attitude toward the study of the world He assumes that there is a definite answer to the question of the aforementioned examples Interlocuter- Someone who speaks between Socrates o Usually a young man o Claims to be an expert on one of these concepts, Socrates always says he doesn’t understand or is ignorant on that subject- Known as Socratic False Modesty o He asks “what is X”, but the interlocutor answers with examples of what it means, not a definition o Socrates wants to know “what is the same about all the acts and persons in question and accounts for them all being ‘x’ o He is after the nature of “x” as a type of behavior or action o People of this time believed that there was a single essence to these ideas o Usually the interlocutor says “all x is y” so, Socrates continues to say “if x is y then thus and so would be the case” Eventually he leads someone to an implication that supposedly contradicts something everyone already knows to be true, including the interlocutor o Socrates belief: If it is pious it is approved by the gods o False belief: If it is approved by the gods it is pious
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