New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Psychology Week 4

by: SC_Kara Beemer

Psychology Week 4 1000

SC_Kara Beemer
General Psychology
Dennis Miller

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

General Psychology
Dennis Miller
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in General Psychology

Popular in Psychlogy

This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by SC_Kara Beemer on Friday September 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 1000 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Dennis Miller in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Missouri - Columbia.


Reviews for Psychology Week 4


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/18/15
Rural Sociology Week 4 Why do we do Research 1 Explore to satisfy curiosity see if further research is possible and to develop methods for future studies 2 Describe what have you observed How much is there of something 3 Explain why does something happen What are people s attitudes Qualitative vs Quantitative Research question or hypothesis determines which one to use o Is it feasible 0 What are you trying to accomplish How are you going to do so 0 Which one over the other 0 Choice impacted by cost time amp topic 0 Range what kinds of topics relate to that method 0 Scope how much can you know with that method 0 Quantitative deals with numbers to compare values and summarize data 0 Mean median and mode 1 Primary data you collect yourself 2 Secondary data someone else collected for you a Sample portion of the world i Target whole world 39 Accessible farmers iii Sample more speci c sample iv Accebting samble agree to research v Data sample legit usable data b Scienti c Method i Observation gt Questioning gt Hypothesis gt Research Design gt Sampling procedure gt Data Collection gt Analysis of Data gt Presentation Qualitative deals with words seeks to understand meanings and make interpretations 0 Ways of knowing Ask Observe Analyze 0 Primary sources Openended questionnaires no bubbles Interviews Participant observation Nonparticipation observation Resea gtUUl 39 5 lnterv Comp Rural Sociology Week 4 Longitudinal studies Comparative studies Secondary sources Official statistics Literature Art Diariespersonal accounts Autobiographies Message board postsblogssocial media rch questions Pick a topic Narrow the topic mind map List questions HOW amp WHY Pick from those questions so that they deal with 1 issue Focus WHO WHAT WHERE WHEN iews Carried out by researcher Primary source Structured set schedule of questions Unstructured more like a conversation Used to nd out attitudes feelings and reasons Participant observations Natural setting Respondents point of view Allows processes meanings and interactions to be studied Can observe over time arative studies Countries Regions Towns Groups Time Periods INDEPENDENT DEPENDENT Treatment Observation Cause Effect X Y Antecedent Consequence Explains or Predicts DV ls explained What is Culture Rural Sociology Week 4 Everything that makes us who we are Strategies people use to engage with the world Everpresent Result of interactions What do cultural sociologists study 0 Values beliefs attitudes norms o Frames amp symbolic boundaries 0 Repertoires amp rituals Knowledge set help do things 0 Art ideas and cultural capital Which fork do you use at dinner high society 0 Discourses amp narratives Talk about stories told EX 911 0 Institutions amp identities EX hospitals prisons Material culture things a culture creates and the relationships made with people 0 Art 0 Symbols 0 Food 0 Money NonMaterial culture beliefs values behaviors norms all the nonphysicalnontangible things 0 Does NOT mean culture isn t materialistic BELIEFS ideas about the world that people think to be true 0 Emerges from religion science and upbringing Informs actions EX quotAmerican dreamquot VALUE shared beliefs about right and wrong Signals what society nds important 0 Can be positive or negative EX strong family values democracy NORMS what is appropriate or inappropriate in a social setting Folkways everyday common norms engrained in us minor punishment social shaming o EX walk on the wrong side of the sidewalk Mores more serious offense of a norm that is important to the identity of a group serious punishment 0 Context matters 0 EX murder rape adultery stealing Rural Sociology Week 4 SYMBOLS something that stands for something else Produced by culture Differs by time period and culture 0 Includes gestures EX swastika used to be a Hindu symbol gang signs LANGUAGE symbolic o Nonmaterial until it becomes physical then material 0 Culture shapes language and language shapes culture Psychology Week 4 Chapter 4 Consciousness 42 What is Sleep 0 Sleep is more than not being awake 0 Different form of consciousness 0 Important for overall health and wellbeing 0 Can appreciate its importance in sleep disorders Restless Led Svndrome tingling and pain in legs Sleep apnea breathing interruptions Parasomnias sleepwalking sleep eating bizarre behavior Narcolepsy falling asleep at random times 0 Insomnia people s mental health and ability to function are compromised by inability to sleep Idiopathic most common yet reason is unknown Transientpoor hvoiene drug withdrawal Pseudoinsomnia believe you have insomnia when you don t Psychological disorders 0 When we sleep our body is regulated by circadian rhythms o Zeitgebers reset circadian rhythms Shut off when light comes through the window in the morning Turn on when the sun goes down Arousal is regulated by the activity of neurons from the hindbrain through the forebrain o Neurotransmitters Hypocretin and orexin heighten arousal Adenosine lowers arousal Caffeine blocks adenosine Sleep can be studied by an electroencephalogram EEG that measures the brain s electrical activity 0 Changes throughout the night 0 Synchrony consistent wave patterns 0 Desynchrony complex waves hard to distinguish o SLEEP CYCLES 0 Stages 1 amp 2 The older we get the more time we spend in these stages Alpha gt Theta 0 Stages 3 amp 4 Slow Wave sleep Sleepwalk Sleep talk Roll around in bed Psychology Week 4 Hit who you re in bed with Delta 0 REM sleep Small complex waves Not moving Crazy dreams The younger you are the longer you spend in REM sleep A lot of drugs suppress REM o Alcoholics experience scary nightmares when they try to stop drinking 0 REM which is not experienced when you are constantly consuming alcohol comes back with a vengeance REM SLEEP SLOW WAVE SLEEP Rapid irregular waves Slow synchronous waves Lack of muscle tone Moderate muscle tone Rapid eye movements Slowabsent eye movements Genital arousal No genital arousal Strange vivid dreams Boring dreams Why do we dream 0 Psvchodvnamic Theorv insight to unconscious con ict compare what we observe with what it really means 0 Memory Integration Hypothesis dreams are a way to integratestore information experienced during the day 0 ActivationSynthesis Hvoothesis dreams re ect sleeping mind quotmaking sensequot of random brain activity 0 Evolved Threat Reversal Theory dreams simulate threatening events to help develop coping strategies 0 What should I donot do to ght insomnia 0 DO exercise not too close to bedtime nap early and for roughly 45 minutes relax before bed technology free keep a regular schedule 0 DON T drink alcohol too close to bedtime overdo caffeine during the day do other things in bed such as homework and watching TV overuse sleep medication 44 How do Drugs Affect Consciousnesi Psychoactive drugs mindaltering substances that people typically take for recreational purposes Psychology Week 4 0 Change neurochemical processes by imitating or changing activity of neurotransmitters o EX dopamine Recreational use can sometimes lead to addiction frequent drug use despite negative consequences 0 Tolerance how much of a drug you must consume to feel affected 0 Withdrawal unpleasant physiological body or psychological craving state when drug is not present in the system or can t be used Stimulants class of drug that increases behavioral and mental activity 0 Stimulate activity of Central Nervous System especially dopamine and Sympathetic Nervous System 0 Recreational EX Cocaine Meth and Therapeutic EX Adderall How and why do people become addicted o Dopamine activity in the limbic system Nucleus Accumbens ltgt Ventral Tegmental Area more speci cally the Mesolimbic Dopamine Pathway o lnherited risk factors EX D2 dopamine signaling in the Reward De ciency Syndrome Dopamine synapse


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.