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Soc 1 Week 10 Lecture and Discussion Notes

by: Priscilla orellana

Soc 1 Week 10 Lecture and Discussion Notes Sociology 1

Marketplace > University of California - Irvine > Sociology > Sociology 1 > Soc 1 Week 10 Lecture and Discussion Notes
Priscilla orellana

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Here are the lecture and discussion notes for week 10 of Soc 1 with O'Connell
Intro to Sociology
Chuck O'Connell
Class Notes
Soc 1, Sociology 1, O'Connell, Intro to Soc, Intro to sociology, UCI, UC Irvine
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Priscilla orellana on Thursday March 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 1 at University of California - Irvine taught by Chuck O'Connell in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 57 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at University of California - Irvine.


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Date Created: 03/10/16
Lecture 18 – Week 10 Tuesday 3/8 • Recap: “Sir no Sir” film about the collective resistance to Vietnam war, started off with small numbers of people deserting the army, in 3 years started a broad base of resistance within the military. Broke the command structure of the army. • “Vietnam Syndrome”: George H.W. Bush coined this term, refers to a profound distrust of the government by many of the citizens, especially about government foreign policy and war. Distrust came out of the Vietnam movement, the civil rights movement. Foun d that government officials would consistently lie. Vietnam was supposed to be a war (of north Vietnam against the aggressive south Vietnam?). Every leader of South Vietnam was appointed and removed by the United States, which makes it NOT an independent c ountry. • This is an example of a successful collective resistance from working class people. This shows the potential power of the working class against the power of the ruling class. o Through its control of the state apparatus, the ruling class makes it difficult for the working class to organize and resist orders. o One of the biggest examples of this is labor movement. Through the 1800’s strikes were considered conspiracies against commerce. Took time to even get the right to go on strike. Once workers gained this right, all kinds of laws were passed in order to make strikes ineffectual. § Most powerful kind of labor strike is a sit down strike, in which you sit down at your work station and do not perform any work. This is effective because you’re sitting in front of millions of dollars of productive machinery, which is necessary for production. Boss wants continuous production in order to be competitive in the market. If you’re out long enough, people may decide the competitors’ products are better and lose business permanently. Usually they call in the unemployed during these strikes in order to fill in the striker’s place. “The reserved army of labor”. First the striker’s have to be removed, and make sure the machines are in tact before striker’s leave. Now sit down strikes are illegal. § Sympathy strikes are also illegal (Professors skipping lectures to sympathize TA’s going on strike). • Sociology of religion: sociological study of religious groups. Religion is a human organization, which has an effect on society, and society also has effects on religion. o Early French sociologist Emile Durkheim: § (sociological) definition of religion: a system of communally held beliefs and practices that are oriented toward some sacred supernatural realm. o Why does religion exist? § Functionalists (order theorists): say that religion exists because it fulfills certain functions 1. Social solidarity: set of communal beliefs/practices 2. Social control: gives people rules to live by 3. Psychological support 4. Provides meaning of life § Conflict theorists: the dominant religion of any society will be the religion of the ruling class. Furthermore, the scriptures will be interpreted to fit the political and economic interests of the ruling class v Scriptures can be taken literally or metaphorically. Mold these to fit their agenda Discussion Week 10 • Gender differences are made up by societal norms , not natural or biological. As a result, women often experience inequality. • Femininity and masculinity are modeled differently from one culture to another o In Western society, femininity is seen as women not having agency and men having dominance. o All societies make gender a major category for organizing social life. • Heteronormativity: societal belief that heterosexuality is the normalized type of sexuality. Even in lesbian/gay relationships people try to identify the “feminine” partner and the “masculine” partner. • Order vs. Conflict Theory Perspectives on Gender: o Order theorists: emphasize the importance of labor division and social integration between genders. Biology, history, and society’s needs combine to separate men and women into distinct gender roles. Men fill the “instrumental” roles, women fill the “expressive” roles. o Conflict theorists: emphasize the economic structure of society in producing women’s inequality. Women’s economic role in society is primarily determinant of their overall status. The dominance of men in society is their control of the means of production. • Gender and the wage gap o Despite a growing # of women in the workpl ace, inequality persists for a few reasons: § Women are concentrated in lower-paying jobs § Women tend to work less overtime than men § Women as a group have less education and experience than do men, therefore get paid less. § Women enter the labor force at different and lower- paying levels than men • Reinforcement of Patriarchy o Ch. 27 of reader: As we communicate with others we learn what it means to be a man/woman. Men are to be competitive, in control of their emotions while women are to be sensitive. Don’t notice how gender is socially constructed because it has become normalized. o Chapter 29 of reader “Gendered Violence in Intimate Relationships”: When women become victims of sexual abuse/harassment, it’s difficult for women to get help because it’s usually seen as their fault. Culturally based socialization practices teach men to be aggressors and women to be victims. In marriages, the person with the most resources tends to be the most violent towards their partner. • Reader “Civil Religion in the U.S.” o Civil religion: the dogmas that include the existence of God, the afterlife, rewarding virtue and punishing vice, and the exclusion of religious intolerance o The God of civil religion is strict and severe § Religion is tied more to morality and sin than salvatio n and love o Religion reinforces male patriarchy § If men lust, women are to blame. If women lust, women are to blame. o Religious doctrines have common views on gender: § Women and men have different missions and different standards of behavior § Women are subordinate to men, although men are women are equal in the eyes of the deity. Lecture 19 – Week 10 Thursday 3/10 • Gender: refers to social conceptions about what attitudes and behaviors are appropriate for the different sexes o Attitudes about others are not inborn. They may be shaped by our physical differences, but they are not solely determined by those differences. These attitudes vary across time and place. o We become gendered through gender socialization o If you don’t obey/accept gender roles, people usually get upset because they’re viewed by society as necessary. • Western society glorifies a hyper masculine institution o Armed forces, warriors o Assaults against women in the military are higher than in the civilian population. • Data comparing men & women: o Men: lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, more problems at school, high arrest rates, more imprisonment, more military service, more combat deaths and more occurrence of PTSD o Women: high life expectancy, lower infant mortality, less problems at school, lower arrest rates, less imprisonment, less military service, less combat death and less occurrence of PTSD o This data looks like society favors men. However, men have more income, wealth, prestige, and are less likely to die at the hands of women. • Human sexuality is socially constructed. The things you think are important about sex, and the rules about sex. Society tells you who you are supposed to be having sex with etc. o If you look at traditional rules of behavior, you can see that there have been modifications over time o Traditional: straight sex. Modification: greater acceptance of gay/lesbian sex o Traditional: sex only between two people married to each other. Modification: people can now live together unmarried and have sex and no one really makes a big deal. o Traditional: sex between couples (not more than two people, no masturbation) Modification: o Traditional: same race Modification: now more mixed couples & families


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