Comm3280MidtermStudyGuideStudySoup.pdf COMM 3280
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Desai on Friday March 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to COMM 3280 at a university taught by Marguerite Cantu in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views.
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Date Created: 03/11/16
COMM 3280 Midterm Study Guide Terms and Concepts Culture: Cumulative knowledge, experiences, value, and worldviews that are held by and passed on from group to group or generation to generation. Intercultural Communication: Communicating with people of different cultures. Cross Cultural: Comparison of a particular phenomenon which is across cultures. Enculturation: Learning one’s own culture Acculturation: Degree to which culturally different people immerse themselves into dominant or other cultures. Acculturated: A person has given up most or all of their culture and assumes traits of the dominant or new culture. Bicultural: people can function effectively in both dominant and new culture and culture of origin. Traditional: Individual keeps cultural traits from culture of origin, but rejects many traits from the dominant or new culture. Marginal Acculturation: Individual has little to do with either the dominant or new or original culture (prefers something different). Ethnocentrism: viewing from our own perspective with the tendency to view our own culture as right or best while others are wrong, inferior, or less. Prejudice: Prejudging Racism: Combines racially or ethnically base discrimination and power ability to take away one’s constitutional or human rights Discriminate: Treating people different to their benefit Stereotyping: The groups that individuals are put into Beliefs: Idea people assume to be true around world Norms: Socially shared expectations of appropriate, accepted behaviors Values: What culture regards as good or bad and right or wrong (beautiful or ugly and important or worthless). FACE: High context/collectivism honor and shame group: more important than individual o nonverbal coding: important o reserved actions COMM 3280 Midterm Study Guide o strong interpersonal bonds o commitment: high members loyal to the group o time: open and flexible communication = indirect Meaning: from everywhere but words! As the group is most important: o Members communicate to save FACE of all! o Purpose of communication is to promote harmony Forces that Create and Maintain Cultural Differences: History Major changes o Economic “Despite its wrenching pain, cannot by unlived, but if faces with courage, need not lived again” – Maya Angelou Ecology Making changes in culture Technology Inventions o Culture creates or borrows How we eat and how families communicate Media: Facilitates communication beyond face to face Social media Biology Genetic composition (race) o Tell by race Blood type Ear wax Wisdom teeth Hard to find anyone of a full race Institutional Networks Formal organizations o Different education systems Interpersonal Communication Patterns COMM 3280 Midterm Study Guide TeachersStudents or employersemployees Iceberg Theory of Cultural Differences Culture (history) Norms Values Beliefs o Proximity: how people interact with each other and how close they get Haptics From Text Accent: An individual who is from another culture that speaks in a different form. Dialect: A language an individual speaks of a different nation. Argot: A particular style if a language. Jargon: Particular forms of a language while communicating with others. CodeSwitching: Switching two different languages in one sentence or conversation. Semantics: To learn meaning. Metaphors for American culture: Melting pot. Taxonomies Hall: Context Mesaages…to ask… Where is the meaning? o Covert or overt? o Implicit or explicit? What is the reason for communicating VERBAL: Low context/Individualism Individual = more important than the group o Communication is direct o Meanings primarily WORD o Reactions on surface o Fragile interpersonal bonds o Commitment low o Time highly organized o Purpose of communication to exchange exact meaning Similar to a computer FACE: High context/collectivism COMM 3280 Midterm Study Guide honor and shame group: more important than individual o nonverbal coding: important o reserved actions o strong interpersonal bonds o commitment: high members loyal to the group o time: open and flexible communication = indirect Meaning: from everywhere but words! As the group is most important: o Members communicate to save FACE of all! o Purpose of communication is to promote harmony Individualism/Collectivism Self or Group Individualism: More important than the group Squeaky wheel gets oil Independency is valued Selfsufficiency is valued Collectivism: The group is more important than the person The nail that stands up in soon hammered down The group takes care of the members o Being loyal to the group Power Distance Social hierarchies vs. equality The ability to challenge Major predictor: wealth o Distribution of wealth Uncertainty Avoidance High: absolute certainties o Fear of change Low: embraces ambiguity and change o Conflict and competition Natural Masculinity/Femininity Cultural values COMM 3280 Midterm Study Guide o Masculine Assertiveness, acquisition of wealth o Femininity Caring for others (quality of life)
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