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by: Jessica Desai

Comm3280MidtermStudyGuideStudySoup.pdf COMM 3280

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Jessica Desai


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This will help you study for your midterm.
Intercultural/Global Communication
Marguerite Cantu
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Desai on Friday March 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to COMM 3280 at a university taught by Marguerite Cantu in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views.


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Date Created: 03/11/16
COMM 3280 Midterm Study Guide Terms and Concepts Culture: Cumulative knowledge, experiences, value, and worldviews that are held by and passed  on from group to group or generation to generation. Intercultural Communication: Communicating with people of different cultures. Cross Cultural: Comparison of a particular phenomenon which is across cultures. Enculturation: Learning one’s own culture Acculturation: Degree to which culturally different people immerse themselves into dominant or  other cultures. Acculturated: A person has given up most or all of their culture and assumes traits of the  dominant or new culture. Bi­cultural: people can function effectively in both dominant and new culture and culture of  origin. Traditional: Individual keeps cultural traits from culture of origin, but rejects many traits from  the dominant or new culture. Marginal Acculturation: Individual has little to do with either the dominant or new or original  culture (prefers something different). Ethnocentrism: viewing from our own perspective with the tendency to view our own culture as  right or best while others are wrong, inferior, or less. Prejudice: Pre­judging Racism: Combines racially or ethnically base discrimination and power  ability to take away one’s constitutional or human rights   Discriminate: Treating people different to their benefit Stereotyping: The groups that individuals are put into Beliefs: Idea people assume to be true around world Norms: Socially shared expectations of appropriate, accepted behaviors Values: What culture regards as good or bad and right or wrong (beautiful or ugly and important  or worthless). FACE: High context/collectivism  honor and shame group: more important than individual o nonverbal coding: important o reserved actions COMM 3280 Midterm Study Guide o strong interpersonal bonds o commitment: high  members loyal to the group o time: open and flexible  communication = indirect  Meaning: from everywhere but words!  As the group is most important: o Members communicate to save FACE of all! o Purpose of communication is to promote harmony Forces that Create and Maintain Cultural Differences: History  Major changes o Economic  “Despite its wrenching pain, cannot by unlived, but if faces with  courage, need not lived again” – Maya Angelou Ecology  Making changes in culture Technology  Inventions o Culture creates or borrows  How we eat and how families communicate Media: Facilitates communication beyond face to face  Social media Biology  Genetic composition (race) o Tell by race  Blood type  Ear wax  Wisdom teeth  Hard to find anyone of a full race Institutional Networks  Formal organizations o Different education systems Interpersonal Communication Patterns COMM 3280 Midterm Study Guide  TeachersStudents or employersemployees Iceberg Theory of Cultural Differences   Culture (history)  Norms  Values  Beliefs o Proximity: how people interact with each other and how close they get  Haptics From Text Accent: An individual who is from another culture that speaks in a different form. Dialect: A language an individual speaks of a different nation. Argot: A particular style if a language. Jargon: Particular forms of a language while communicating with others. Code­Switching: Switching two different languages in one sentence or conversation. Semantics: To learn meaning. Metaphors for American culture: Melting pot. Taxonomies Hall: Context Mesaages…to ask…  Where is the meaning? o Covert or overt? o Implicit or explicit?  What is the reason for communicating VERBAL: Low context/Individualism  Individual = more important than the group o Communication is direct o Meanings­ primarily WORD o Reactions on surface o Fragile interpersonal bonds o Commitment­ low o Time­ highly organized o Purpose of communication­ to exchange exact meaning  Similar to a computer FACE: High context/collectivism COMM 3280 Midterm Study Guide  honor and shame group: more important than individual o nonverbal coding: important o reserved actions o strong interpersonal bonds o commitment: high  members loyal to the group o time: open and flexible  communication = indirect  Meaning: from everywhere but words!  As the group is most important: o Members communicate to save FACE of all! o Purpose of communication is to promote harmony Individualism/Collectivism  Self or Group Individualism: More important than the group  Squeaky wheel gets oil  Independency is valued  Self­sufficiency is valued Collectivism: The group is more important than the person  The nail that stands up in soon hammered down  The group takes care of the members o Being loyal to the group Power Distance  Social hierarchies vs. equality  The ability to challenge  Major predictor: wealth o Distribution of wealth Uncertainty Avoidance  High: absolute certainties o Fear of change  Low: embraces ambiguity and change o Conflict and competition  Natural  Masculinity/Femininity  Cultural values COMM 3280 Midterm Study Guide o Masculine   Assertiveness, acquisition of wealth o Femininity  Caring for others (quality of life)


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