Week 4 of notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Mathews on Friday September 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to RLST 203 at Montana State University taught by Grether in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 100 views.
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What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 09/18/15
The Buddha 0 Historical 0 Multiple names ex Siddhartha Gautama Sakyamuni Buddha 0 Most likely born prince of Ksatriya royalmilitary caste in 6th century BCE o biography unknown but stories recorded in various sources 0 Theravada vs Mahayana depictions 0 Sources 0 Stories of life and teachings did not first appear in writing until 1st century BCE 0 Two sources of many for buddha life stories I AshvaGhosha s Llfe of the buddha 0 one of the first narratives of buddha s biography 0 probably 2nd century CE written in poetic form NOTE half the text lost in 10th 12th centuries 0 Main events in life of buddha 1 birth of the lord a a son was born from the side of the queenwithout pain and without ill b upon birth slide i immediately upon birth was able to take 7 steps and speak trying to foreshadow future story Prof c Prediction by a Rishi seer i Life was really good when he was born Prof ii His very existence was written in the stars 2 Queen Maya Mother a Growing up in the palace i Grew up in luxury but stayed pure and simple prof ii chose to walk away from it all Had everything you could ever want prof iii The king didn t want him to stay with unpleasant people ie sick old peopleProf b The four sites i Old man ii Sick man iii Dead man iv Monk v Prof The symbolic interpretation of this is probably that textbook we tend to block out all unpleasant things so when we see the unpleasant things it hits us really hard and could change us People will start to tell you to get back to your normal life but Buddha doesn t like this because he doesn t want you to hide your feelings or fears he wants you to face the pain instead of hide it away vi Buddha sees death c Rebudding the Women i slide d Search for the king So it s wrong to invest yourself in this coming together that s as fleeting as a dream 3 To his Guru a The quote is saying that the idea of thinking that you re going to live forever heaven you will never become awakened or lose your own personal ego Prof 4 Temptation of Mara a He s tempted by all these Maras because mara doesn t want buddha to awaken of help people similar to jesus being tempted by satan for 40 days b lnternal demons c mara s forces upset the course of dharma 5 The Awakening a samsara is cycle of rebirth Prof 6 The first Sermon Dharmacakrapravartana Sutra a First 5 disciples were critical of him bc he didn t want to fast anymore because it was giving him a headache and he was hungry so then he decided to just stop but then he had an ara about him that made the 5 want to listen Prof b When Siddartha becomes awakened he becomes Buddha Prof Question to think about Does celebrating his life events represent a form of attachment maybe its an occasion to get together and remember that we need to be detached maybe it s just showing their imperfectness maybe just like every other religion it develops as time goes on and it s okay to be attached and worship Buddha just like any God or Allah Jataka Tales jatakas textual division of the Pali Canon Represent some of the earliest Buddhist literature 4th C BCE Precede and outnumber Buddha s biographies ln Theravada cultures Jatakas are performed with dance theater and public recitations Jatakas teach Buddhist moralityvirtues The Brave Pig video Practicing violence showing attachment to their bodies The Golden Crab The Greedv Forester o Buddhism is looked at like a passive thing when really you should stick up for yourself You have a duty to fight for social justice It s good to protect your community and your friend Prof You can t save someone from their own karma Prof It s not up to us to teach other people but we need to be mindful of every situation prof You can t escape violence or humanity but you can be mindful of what s going on prof o Buddha s intentions are always pure He was never like the greedy forester Prof Kharmacakrapravartana Sutra 0 setting in motion the wheel of dharma First Sermon 0 Two extremes o Habitual practice that depends on passions sensuality o Asceticism painful unworthy amp unprofitable 0 Middle path avoiding these extremes 0 Now this knowleedge and this insight has arisen within me The emancipation of my heart is immovable This is my last existence Now there will be no rebirth for me Videos link in powerpoint o The Brave Pig 0 The Golden Crab 0 The Greedy Forester Main virtues Selfsacrifice Pa ence Courage Standing up to aggressors Generosity The pain of this wound does not aggrieve me much as the thought that on account of me you have plunged into such evil From where l or else could ever rescue thee Jakata tales amp Karma 0 Cannotshould not obstruct karma if karma is law of cause and effect can it be obstructed Law of cause and effect will come around eventually Prof Saying that you re going to get good karma is already coming from a place of raga Prof If your desires are impure you will be living in your own hell Prof Is there another way we can talk about an individual s roleresponsibility in society collective karma 0 Plant the right seeds and become aware Prof 0 It s our responsibility to apply what the Darma medicine is or gives us 0 Could one save another from their own karma 0 Guru sacrificed self thus saving Tigress from herself 0 Can one take the consequences of another s actions 0 Bodhisattvas Buddhist Dharma o I cannot teach you Buddhism The study of Buddhism is the study of yourself ie coming to know the experience you call yours directly through awareness nonjudgemental mindfulness Jim Boyd 0 A scholar tries to learn something everyday a student of Buddhism tries to unlearn something daily 0 Buddhism is about unlearning our views more than learning about someone elses Prof o I think this is interesting because I didn t really think about it like that but if you think about it it s really true this class has made me second guess a lot of things that are just routine for me Buddha s first awakening 0 First awakening when he becomes disillusioned with externalmaterial delights ignorance no longer bliss Second awakening c Sat down to investigate what it means to be 0 Not what kind of thing I am Awoke to the nature of conditioned reality Avyakata lndeterminables Buddha is trying to teach how to remove the suffering not how to catch the bad guy Prof Because what s important is the here and now 0 The desire to know and understand is still part of raga Three marks of existence 1 Anicca Anitya impermanence a We don t recognize things for being impermanent but everything is Moment by moment we just don t notice it Prof 2 Anatman insubstantiality a Always constantly changing Prof b Maybe there really is no Holly insert your own name maybe Holly just labels a bunch of different things and how they come and work together Prof 3 Dukkha insatiability a By trying to get the good and keep out the bad we are causing a sense of disease because we can t get to a state where we are feeling good and comfortable in our own skin We re always wanting more Prof b Caused by our desires Prof i understanding ii things Hi panner iv job We need to be happy in the now Medicine only works if people take it Prof