INSECT CLASSIFICATION ENY 4161
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This 31 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mr. Shanie Muller on Friday September 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ENY 4161 at University of Florida taught by Marc Branham in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see /class/206625/eny-4161-university-of-florida in Entomology at University of Florida.
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Date Created: 09/18/15
Orders Diptera Strepsiptera Mecoptera and Siphonaptera Modi ed from a version created by J Zenger and J Leavengood Figure 310 Generalized wing venation according to Comstock for a key to the lettering see accompanying text In some orders the vein here labeled Cul is called Cu by Comstock and its branches Cul and Cull and the remaining veins anal veins Order Diptera ditwo pterawing TRUE FLIES 2 wings 2 Suborders Economically and medically important Sponging piercing sucking mouthparts and hind wings are knoblike halteres Antennal Variation in Diptera V Style usually terminal and fairly rigid Arista usually dorsal and bristlelike may be bare pubescent or plumose Diptera Suborders Nematocera Brachycera Larvae have Larvae have no sclerotized head visible sclerotized capsule head Antennae with 6 or Antennae with 5 or more segments fewer usually 3 Generally delicate segments with elongate Third antennal bodies or segment may be extremely small subdivided Order Diptera Suborder Nematocera Family Tipulidae CRANE FLIES Extremely long legs Vshaped suture on mesonotum Ocelli absent Two anal veins reach wrng margin No cross vein in M3 cell Over 1600 North American species largest family of flies Family Bibionidae LOVE BUGS and MARCH FLIES Stout bodied Usually black Antennae short arise from lower part of face Thickenecl C ends near wing tip Tibia with apical spurs PUIViIIi Present Plecia nearctica mating female on the left Pulvilli pads located at the base of claws lateral lobes of the pretarsus ts tarsus ptar pretarsus Pulvilli sing Pulvillus Family Mycetophilidae FUNGUS GNATS Slenderlong legs Elongate Coxae Eyes Do Not meet above antennae base Generally palebodied Ocelli present Live in decaying vegetation or fungi Long antennae for a fly NO closed discal cell Family Psychodidae MOTH and SAND FLIES Very hairy Small 5mm or less Wings broad and pointed apically in moth flies V ngs held rooflike to coplanar Occur in nasty drains and sewers Sand ies bite and vector several diseases 0120 M3 Family Culicidae MOSQU ITOES Wings long and narrow Scaled wing veins Proboscis long amp obvious Males with more plumose antennae Only females bite Infamous disease vectors Family Chironomidae MIDGES Mosquitolike No scales on wings amp no long proboscis Long narrow body Very long protarsi Plumose antennae on males M unbranched Order Diptera Suborder Brachycera Larvae have no visible sclerotized head Antennae with 5 or fewer usually 3 segments Third antennal segment may be subdivided DEER and HORSE FLIES Large stoutbodied flies Family Tabanidae Eyes brightly colored or iridescent Calypters large R4 and R5 divergent enclosing wing tip 3rd antennomere elongate A 3 Horse Flies Deer Flies I q Calypteres sing Calyptyer the two basal lobes of the wing Calypterate Diptera diptera with a well developed lowercalypter eg Tabanidae Acroceridae etc Family Stratiomyidae SOLDIER FLIES Abdomen often elongate usually narrowed at the base and third antennal segment appears globular to elongate Branches of R are rather heavy and crowded together in anterior part Discal cell present Costa ends before wing apex Cu2 2A CU M3 Discal Cell Family Asilidae ROBBER FLIES Large group with nearly 1000 NA spp Concave top of head and usually a slender bodyhaWy Predacious and attack a variety of insects including wasps bees dragonflies grasshoppers and other flies some can inflict painful bite Family Bombyliidae BEE FLIES Stoutbodied densely hairy flies of medium to large size Many have a long and slender proboscis M1 ends behind wing tip 3 or 4 posterior cells discal cell present with anal cell open or closed near wing margin Found on flowers or hovering over or resting on ground or grass in sunny places Pposlerior cells BEE FLY Family Dolichopodidae Longlegged flies Usually metallic in color greenish bluish or coppew Almost always with bright red large eyes Male genitalia conspicuous r m cross vein is very short or 39 absent and is located in the basal fourth of the wing Often swelling at Rs where it forks Rs 2 branched anal cell A sometimes absent FLOWER FLIES Family Syrphidae Spurious vein usually present between R and M R5 cell closed Adults vary greatly in size color and appearance Brightly colored with yellow brown and black Some strongly resemble wasps or bees SYRPHID FLIES Spurious Vein a veinlike thickening of the wing membrane between the radius R and media M Family Tephritidae FRUIT FLIES Small to medium sized often brightly colored Wings usually spotted or banded Most species have attractively a patterned wings Sc abruptly curved Family Drosophilidae POMACE FLIES Usually yellowish or brownish 34 mm Postvertical bristles converge Oral bristles are well developed Usually found near decaying vegetation or fruit Sc incomplete Family Ephydridae SHORE FLIES Most species blackish and relatively small some are very small Face usually somewhat bulging Oral bristles absent Sc incomplete quot SHOREFLY Postvertical bristles diverging sometimes small and difficult to see Occur along shores of ponds and streams and along the seashore Family Muscidae FLTH FLIES 2A short and not reaching wing margin Undersurface of 3 scutellum Without fine hairs Generally more than one sternopleural bristle I R5 cell parallel sided or narrowed distally Often has 4 black pronotal stripes over a gray background Family Calliphoridae Blow flies Many are metallic blue or green Postscutellum not developed Usually 23 notopleural bristles Arista plumose quot Larvae are generally 39 lzmznlll llfmkimgy scavengers living in carrion dung and similar materials Postscutellum Calliphoridae postscutellum less developed Tachinidae postscutellum developed Notopleural Bristles
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