PY 372- Week 9 Notes
PY 372- Week 9 Notes PY 372
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexia Acebo on Friday March 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PY 372 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by William Hart in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see PY 372 William Hart-Social Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 03/11/16
PY 372- Week 8 Notes Racism: An individuals prejudicial attitudes and discriminatory behavior toward people of a given race -institutional practices that subordinate people of a given race -Modern Racism- Most people don’t think THEY are prejudiced Better than average effect Do we still have racism? -come a long way -All races= same constitutional rights -Black president Modern Racism: more subtle form of racism; less visible/blatant -Greatest prejudice in the most intimate social realms **Characteristics: Believe it is wrong to be prejudicial and hold negative stereotypes Believe racism no longer exists Believe that certain groups have been pushing too hard for equal rights Believe that the government has given certain groups too much preferential treatment Theoretical Causes of Prejudice -The role of motivation and cognition **MOTIVATION prejudice to achieve a goal **COGNITION Prejudice because of how we process info The cognitive component -we learn prejudice in a passive way (associations) Direct observation of others Real or perceived norms Media Additional Cognitive Explanations: Tendency to categorize “in-group” vs. “out-group” with me or against me Ingroup: “us”- group who shares a sense of belonging and feeling of common identity Outgroup: “them”- distinctively different from ingroup Outgroup homogeneity effect -members more similar to each other than ingroup members Motivational Approaches Social Identity Theory o Part of our self concept can come from group membership o Use membership to maintain positive self views INgroup bias Minimal group paradigm o Create groups that are not meaningful Just-world phenomenon: comforting belief that the world is just and that people get what they deserve. o Could lead to negative associations COROLLARY: prejudice will exist as long as some groups remain disadvantaged or people continue to want to deny the world is anything but just/fair place Scapegoat theory: when the cause of frustration is vague, hostility and aggression are redirected at an easy target Realistic group concept theory: Actual competition for resources or competing goals between groups leads to conflict that then fosters negative stereotyping and prejudice. !!Effects of prejudice on the recipient!! Behavioral confirmation (feeds prejudice) o EX If I expect you to be lazy you will In turn do less Confirmed Stereotype threat: a disruptive concern, when facing a negative stereotype, that one will verify the negative stereotype Effects on self-love **self hatred studies with dolls (FLAWED) Dissociation Model of Prejudice -when we process info about another 2 step 1. The stereotypes that we know are automatically triggered and unconsciously influence impression. 2. We decide whether or not to accept our impression from step 1; rarely happens- how often do you think people admit bias? Reducing prejudice: Conflict and Peacemaking Contact hypothesis: contact between members of different groups leads to more positive intergroup attitudes when… Equal Status Cooperation o Superordinate goals- shared goals that necessitate cooperation