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PY 372- Week 9 Notes

by: Alexia Acebo

PY 372- Week 9 Notes PY 372

Alexia Acebo
GPA 3.7

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Notes from the ninth week of PY 372!!
PY 372 William Hart-Social Psychology
William Hart
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexia Acebo on Friday March 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PY 372 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by William Hart in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see PY 372 William Hart-Social Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 03/11/16
PY 372- Week 8 Notes Racism: An individuals prejudicial attitudes and discriminatory behavior toward people of a given race -institutional practices that subordinate people of a given race -Modern Racism-  Most people don’t think THEY are prejudiced  Better than average effect Do we still have racism? -come a long way -All races= same constitutional rights -Black president Modern Racism: more subtle form of racism; less visible/blatant -Greatest prejudice in the most intimate social realms **Characteristics:  Believe it is wrong to be prejudicial and hold negative stereotypes  Believe racism no longer exists  Believe that certain groups have been pushing too hard for equal rights  Believe that the government has given certain groups too much preferential treatment Theoretical Causes of Prejudice -The role of motivation and cognition **MOTIVATION prejudice to achieve a goal **COGNITION Prejudice because of how we process info The cognitive component -we learn prejudice in a passive way (associations)  Direct observation of others  Real or perceived norms  Media Additional Cognitive Explanations:  Tendency to categorize “in-group” vs. “out-group” with me or against me  Ingroup: “us”- group who shares a sense of belonging and feeling of common identity  Outgroup: “them”- distinctively different from ingroup Outgroup homogeneity effect -members more similar to each other than ingroup members Motivational Approaches  Social Identity Theory o Part of our self concept can come from group membership o Use membership to maintain positive self views  INgroup bias  Minimal group paradigm o Create groups that are not meaningful  Just-world phenomenon: comforting belief that the world is just and that people get what they deserve. o Could lead to negative associations COROLLARY: prejudice will exist as long as some groups remain disadvantaged or people continue to want to deny the world is anything but just/fair place  Scapegoat theory: when the cause of frustration is vague, hostility and aggression are redirected at an easy target  Realistic group concept theory: Actual competition for resources or competing goals between groups leads to conflict that then fosters negative stereotyping and prejudice. !!Effects of prejudice on the recipient!!  Behavioral confirmation (feeds prejudice) o EX If I expect you to be lazy you will  In turn do less  Confirmed  Stereotype threat: a disruptive concern, when facing a negative stereotype, that one will verify the negative stereotype Effects on self-love **self hatred studies with dolls (FLAWED) Dissociation Model of Prejudice -when we process info about another 2 step 1. The stereotypes that we know are automatically triggered and unconsciously influence impression. 2. We decide whether or not to accept our impression from step 1; rarely happens- how often do you think people admit bias? Reducing prejudice: Conflict and Peacemaking  Contact hypothesis: contact between members of different groups leads to more positive intergroup attitudes when…  Equal Status  Cooperation o Superordinate goals- shared goals that necessitate cooperation


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