EDC 308 notes
EDC 308 notes EDC 308
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jaslyn Tirado on Friday March 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to EDC 308 at La Salle University taught by Yost, Gelman in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Assess/Accommodat/Disabilities in Education and Teacher Studies at La Salle University.
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Date Created: 03/11/16
Norm referenced & criterion referenced test Norm-referenced: tests that compare the performance of the person being tested to a normative group. Criterion referenced: measures a students performance against a curriculum standard. o Used to write IEPs o Key math is both norm and criterion referenced Assessment: includes all the ways teachers gain information about their students. Test are one type of evaluation tool. Measurement: process of quantifying or assigning a number to performance Evaluation: involves making a judgment or deciding upon the quality of a students performance. Reliability= trustworthy o Measures refers to the amount of confidence we have in a norm referenced test Validity= fairness o The extent to which the test measures what it says it measures Standard deviation: a unit of measurement. Measures the extent to which a students score deviates from the average or mean. o 0= average o -1 and +1= average range o -2= clinically significant well below average o -3= clinically significant problems o +2= a over average (superior) o +3= well above average (gifted) Percentile rank: tells where an individual score falls in relationship to other scores. o 1-99= range o (1-39)= below average to very low o (40-60)= average range o (61-99)= above average (superior) Standard scores: tells how far the raw score is from the mean, using standard deviation units. o 100= mean (average) o T-scores 50= mean (average) o Stanines 1-9= range 4-6= average range o Scaled scores 1-20= range 8-12= average range Age equivalent scores: compare a students performance to the average score of that age group. o Expressed as 8-4 or 8:4 Grade equilateral scores: compare a students performance to the average score for that grade level. o Expressed as 6.7 Correlation coefficient: used to analyze the adequacy of assessment tools for their reliability and validity. o .80 and above= acceptable correlation o 1.00= perfect correlation Standard error of measurement (SEM): is a statistically expressed value that shows the amount of error that is possible on a particular standardized test. o The higher the reliability, the lower the standard error number. o The lower the reliability, the higher the standard error number. Confidence intervals: report the degree of certainty or the probability of a score falling within that range. o Confidence levels over 90% are the best estimates of “true scores” Autism 4% kids have autism 1 out of 68 kids will have autism 1 out of 45 are males 3 problems that a kid will be classified having o communication problems o Behavior problems o Social skills problems 9 things kids with autism wants you to know o my sensory perceptions are disordered o Please remember to distinguish between won't (I choose not to) and can't (I an not able to) o I am a concrete thinker. This means I interpret language very literally. o Please be patient with my limited vocabulary o Because language is so difficult for me, I am very visually oriented o Please focus and build on what I can do rather than what I can't do o Help me with social interactions o Try to identify what triggers my meltdown o If you are a family member, please love me unconditionally Low incident disability o Autism o Deaf-blindness o Deafness o Hearing impairments o Multiple disabilities o Orthopedic impairments o Other health impairments o Traumatic brain injury o Visual impairment including blindness Physical and health related disabilities o Cerebral palsy o Spina Bifida o Muscular dystrophy o Traumatic brain injury o Epilepsy o Arthritis o Asthma and allergies o Diabetes o Fetal alcohol syndrome o Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
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