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The Problem of Evil 2

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by: Destini Preisler

The Problem of Evil 2 23337

Marketplace > Hofstra University > 23337 > The Problem of Evil 2
Destini Preisler
Hofstra University
GPA 2.75

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If God exists, why would he allow suffering in the world? If God allows suffering then he is not a perfect God and therefore does not exist.
Life, meaning & philosophy
Mark McEvoy
Class Notes
25 ?




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"Better than the professor's notes. I could actually understand what the heck was going on. Will be back for help in this class."

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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Destini Preisler on Friday March 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 23337 at Hofstra University taught by Mark McEvoy in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 45 views.

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Reviews for The Problem of Evil 2

Star Star Star Star Star

Better than the professor's notes. I could actually understand what the heck was going on. Will be back for help in this class.



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Date Created: 03/11/16
The Problem of Evil 2/23/16 God’s Characteristics:  Omnipotent  Omnibenevolent  Omniscient 1.) A God who is omnibenevolent (all good) would want to prevent suffering (of innocent people). 2.) A God who is omnipotent would be able to prevent suffering. 3.) But there is an enormous amount of suffering in the world. C- So, either God is not omnibenevolent or he’s not omnipotent. C2- But a being that is not both omnibenevolent and omnipotent would not be a God. (So, the existence of suffering shows God does not exist. 2 types of evil- Moral evil vs Natural evil -Any action a human commits - Any natural disasters in the world to inflict suffering on others. 1) How does Hick try to solve the problem of moral evil? 2) Explain the Analogy of the post hypnotic person. 3) Explain the point of Hick’s phrase, “A person who is not a person” 1) Evil does not come from God and the universe is good over all, but evil distorts the goodness. God let people have free will, but God is not responsible for the evil, the people are. 2) A person has free will does not really have free will because God is the creator, therefore it is like a person being hypnotized to do something and thinking that they want to do what they are being hypnotized to do. (Hick disagrees. He believes we’re free.) 3) A person who is not a person would be a person without free will who acts benevolent like God. Hick is a Christian philosopher who believes that every human has free will. “Soul Making”- free beings need to make choices that God approves of in order to be worthy enough to go to Paradise (Heaven) when you die. World cannot be perfect so that “soul making” can take place. “Soul Making” is needed so we can obtain certain values like compassion and charity. We also need to understand why the world works and we need to be able to understand how the physical world works (Laws of Nature). Need to develop morally and intellectually. Philosophy Notes 2/25/16 The Problem of Evil Continued Soul making -Learning laws of nature -moral virtues 1. How does Johnson respond to “the laws of nature”, defense of God? (pg 123) 2. How does J. respond to the claim that we need evil in order to appreciate the good? (pg 123) 3. Explain the last point of the “bystander,” example. (pg 121) (Johnson is an atheist) 1.) God does not need to intervene for every minor suffering and even if he did intervene, we would never know if he did. 2.) We do not need evil to understand what good is. Small natural sufferings would show good vs evil. 3.) Bystander could still be evil, even though they did not commit the evil wrong doing. It just means that they are evil for not stopping the evil act. Therefore since God could stop an evil act, but doesn’t, then he could be evil.


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