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St. Anselm Ontological & Sartre Arguments

by: Destini Preisler

St. Anselm Ontological & Sartre Arguments 23337

Marketplace > Hofstra University > 23337 > St Anselm Ontological Sartre Arguments
Destini Preisler
Hofstra University
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Argument on how we cannot imagine a purer being than God and therefore he exists. Men is condemned because they did not ask to be created, however once they are, they are free to make all of ...
Life, meaning & philosophy
Mark McEvoy
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Destini Preisler on Friday March 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 23337 at Hofstra University taught by Mark McEvoy in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views.

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Date Created: 03/11/16
Philosophy Notes February 18, 2016 St. Anselm’s Ontological Argument and Gaunilo’s Objections  Philosopher, Craig – We need a God in order to have meaning to life.  A posteriori Argument – Based on evidence of observation.  A priori Argument – Can verify without observation and uses pure thought.  St. Anselm’s Ontological Argument – A priori argument. Starts his argument off as a prayer to God.  “That than which nothing greater can be conceived,” (St. Anselm).  Conceived- the most perfect/greatest being imaginable.  “For suppose it exists in the understanding alone: then it can be conceived to exist in reality; which is greater.” (St. Anselm). – A real God would be more perfect than an imaginary God.  The Actual Argument: 1. God, by definition, is a being than which none greater can be imagined (that is, the greatest possible being that can be imagined). (Note: Premises does not say that God exists: just the context of our idea of God is that of the greatest being imaginable.) 2. God exists as an idea in the mind. 3. A being that exists as an idea in the mind and in reality is greater than a being that exists only as an idea in the mind. 4. Thus, if God exists only as an idea in the mind, then we can imagine something that is greater than God. (Ex- A greatest possible being that does not exist) 5. But we cannot imagine something that is greater than God (for it is a contradiction to suppose that we can imagine a being greater than the greatest possible being that can be imagined) 6. Therefore, God exists.  Gaunilo’s objections to the argument. 1. The argument cannot get started because I cannot really form an idea of the greatest imaginable being (as this would be far, far beyond anything I have experienced). 2. There is no way to argue from the fact that I have an idea of something to the real evidence of that thing. Philosophy Notes 3/3/16 Sartre Arguments 1) Why does Sartre discuss Abraham? 2) Why does Sartre find it distressing that God does not exist? 3) What does Sartre mean by the phrase “condemned to be free.” 1. “Am I really the kind of man who has the right to act in such a way that humanity might guide itself by my actions?” In other words, who is he to decide that “God” is talking to him and ordering him to do things that is not always morally right? Overall point: You have the choice to do what you want. The choices you make is making an example for others. 2. He finds it distressing because then there would be no morals or rights and people could act however they like, which could lead to chaos since there is no heaven to behave for and look forward to. 3. Men is condemned because they did not ask to be created, however once they are, they are free to make all of their own choices since their lives are their responsibility.


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