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Week 9 Notes - Intro to Psychology (PSYCH 1101)

by: Brooke Mays

Week 9 Notes - Intro to Psychology (PSYCH 1101) PSYCH 1101

Marketplace > Georgia Regents University > Psychlogy > PSYCH 1101 > Week 9 Notes Intro to Psychology PSYCH 1101
Brooke Mays


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About this Document

These are the notes from the 9th week of 3/8/2016 - 3/10/2016 from Professor Verlaque's class at Augusta University. I will be uploading new notes weekly. Thanks for looking!
Introduction to Psychology
Verlaque, L.
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brooke Mays on Friday March 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 1101 at Georgia Regents University taught by Verlaque, L. in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at Georgia Regents University.


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Date Created: 03/11/16
3/8/16 – 3/10/16 Week 9 Psychology Notes Social Psychology – very pertinent to our day to day living Attribution – conclusion that we come to about the cause of a behavior or event Situational – cause has to do with the situation, outside of the person, ex: tripping because of  your new shoes Dispositional – has to do with part of who the person is, stable and enduring traits, ex: tripping  because you are clumsy Getting cut off in traffic ­ Situational – they’re rushing to the hospital ­ Dispositional – they’re a bad driver Fundamental Attribution Error – our tendency when looking at others to judge them based on  disposition  ­ Overemphasize dispositional ­ Underemphasize situational ­ Even when we are given all the facts ­ Lower self­esteem may result in the opposite? ­ Actor/observer situation ­ Individualistic Society – you’re out for you own gain ­ Collective Society – for the greater good, communal working for the unit, judge people  based of situation, blame taken onto themselves, don’t want to shame the family,  accomplishment attributed to others How do Politics Tie in? ­ Blame competitors for bad things ­ Parties tend to steer to one attribution to a problematic extreme ­ They know this and use this in their political advertising ­ Feed into fear, hate, and emotions ­ Getting people further and further apart 3/8/16 – 3/10/16 Central and Peripheral Persuasion ­ Central – actual policies, what they are actually saying ­ Peripheral – their personality, your gut reaction but they don’t really make sense, they get people riled up, get the most votes because uneducated people tend to vote for them Foot in the Door Phenomenon ­ “Can I ask you a question?” then they try to get you to buy stuff ­ Small compliance leads to a big compliance ­ Given stickers or something to make you start to identify with being part of the  organization/charity ­ Donate more and more and it changes our attitudes ­ Adjust our attitudes to actions Fake It ‘til You Make It ­ Pretend you know how to even though you don’t know ­ It gets a little easier every time ­ Role playing impacts attitudes Method actor ­ Totally immersed in role ­ Cannot separate the self from the role ­ Keith Ledger – drug O.D Arranged Marriage ­ Play the role of loving spouse ­ They trust those who chose the spouse for them Tend to adopt attitudes of the role even if it is pretend 3/8/16 – 3/10/16 Stanford Prison Experiment ­ Personality changes based on situations and roles ­ They all knew they had an equal chance of being guards or prisoners ­ Inmates – guards thought they were weak, they began having break downs, though they  were in the wrong ­ Caused emotional harm ­ Shut down – inmates relieved but guards were upset ­ Everyone, even the people running the experiment got caught up in it ­ Can change your attitude and impact your day to day life ­ Ibo Grave – Iraq prison, roles impacted behavior, Stanford Prison experiment cited Obedience and Roles are super powerful! Cognitive Dissonance ­ Actions not in line with your beliefs Cognitive Dissonance Theory ­ Resolve to do whatever we can to get rid of that feeling 3 Ways 1) Change our beliefs 2) Change our actions 3) Change our perceptions of actions and rationalize them Cheating on a test 1) Cheating is not wrong! It’s the simplest but we’re probably the least likely to do this 2) Never ever cheat again but you remember that you did that one time 3) Most common is to rationalize it, I had to cheat, everyone else is cheating too, rationalize  it so it makes sense Conformity – to live, to fit in, to be safe, to meet social norms, to be accepted When you violate – judged, criticized  More likely if ­ Large group ­ No firmly held belief 3/8/16 – 3/10/16 ­ Closely watched ­ Admire group ­ Unanimous ­ Culture respects norms and conformity Normative Social Influence ­ What you wear, how you talk ­ For social approval ­ For acceptance Informational Social Influence ­ Because it makes sense ­ Driving on the right side of the road, stopping at stop signs ­ For good sense Participants in Milgram Experiment ­ Left study knowing they would have shocked someone to death ­ Caused such an uproar in the psychology community  ­ They believed they had killed someone ­ Found the same percentages over and over We use obedience to rationalize Counter – checks and balance or else there’s an abuse of power What leads to Obedience? ­ Legit authority (white lab coats) ­ Association with prestige institution ­ Standing close by ­ In same room ­ When there are none rebelling Soldiers still have done heroic things because of their obedience  Social Facilitation – an action is intensified when observed by others, the expert will be better  because of motivation but a novice will be worse because of anxiety 3/8/16 – 3/10/16 Social Loafing – people tend to put out less effort in a group than by themselves, more people to  fall back on, responsibility is shifted, more pressure when it’s all on you Deindividuation – anonymity and high arousal, loss of sense of self awareness and restraint,  clubs, sports events, concerts, riots, rallies Group Polarization – if you spend time with the same people and ideas, you become more  extreme in your beliefs, confirmation bias and belief perseverance, you need to talk to people  with different opinions Group think – thinking or making decisions as a group, discourages creativity or individual  responsibility


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