Week 9 notes
Popular in World History I
Popular in History
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Josh Verble on Friday March 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 1010-001 at Auburn University taught by Daren E Ray in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see World History I in History at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 03/11/16
People: ● Mongolsthey believe in one god and have ethics, but they believe all religions are given by the same god. ● Kubilai Khan 12651294 head of yuan dynasty ○ new capital at beijing ○ styles himelf as emperor ○ appointed muslim advisors in china ● Batu 12401255 estabolished golden horde ruling over russia ● IlKhanate ○ Hulagu Khan ■ marries daughters of local rulers for hostages ■ persecutes those of other religions ● Marco polo 12531324 ○ traveled to the east and back ○ had an influence on european attitudes toward the east ○ pool game named after him ● William of rubruck 12531255 ○ mission to learn and convert ● In africa, land is not scarce but people are so they will try to gather or take people with certain useful skills ● Aztecschronically committed to war ○ Warriors, priests, merchants ○ Rulers>Nobles>Eagle>Farmers ○ The only time they are allowed to work together to gain a captive is their first time on the battlefield ○ No killing on battlefield because the captives are the currency of the aztec people ● Ottoman empire ○ Turks convert to sunni islam(mongols to shi’a islam) ○ Ottomans(Osman>Uthman>Ottoman) ■ Warrior for seljuk ○ Rebuild after timur’s death and adapt new weapons,gunpowder ○ Janissary army ○ Division of law ■ Kanunsecular, imperial law ● Administration run by either muslims or christians ■ Shiriaislamic, personal law ● Sheik ul islamhead judge ■ Millett system ● Subjects judged by their own minority leaders ● ● Timur the lamerescues byzantium ○ Wants to be emperor Places: ● Karakorum and khanbaliq(beijing) mongol capitals ● Yuan Dynasty in China ○ Consequences ■ Chinese trade and government returns to yellow river ■ expansion of teutonic knights from germany ■ serfdom increases but slave trade decreases in eastern europe ● kiev fell in 1240 ● GhanaDual capital, 1000 ce, conversion to islam after almoravids c onquered ● Mali military state controls niger river and trans saharan trade, 1300ce, mansa musa’s pilgrimage attracts muslim scholars ● Songhay1450ce, military state controls transsaharan trade, islamic reforms strengthen state ○ cavalryeffective long range military control ○ islamestablish commercial links across the sahara ● Ethiopia ○ cavalry ○ christianityeffective for assimilating conquered people ● Great lakes kingdoms ○ banana plantations ○ cattle distribution ● istanbul/constantinople Things: ● Black deathplague of western eurasia killed between 30 and 50% of population ○ small ice age, causes diseases ○ let to increase in land and end of peasantry ○ caused a large turn to religion, but also caused a lot of people to turn away from the church because they weren’t healed. ● Khanatesclans with allegiance to the Great Khan ● Golden hordemongols that covered modern day russia ● silk roadpatrols and passports ● scapegoatingof jewish and muslim communities ● consensual politics divine kingship with a council. ○ Swahili coast merchants organize towns and villages into clan organizations ○ great zimbabwe cattle lords practiced maximal pastoralism (they ate beef, not just milk) ● Territorialization ● Mounted armies ● Gun powder ● Millennarianpeasant movement
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