New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Week 7 Notes

by: Eunice

Week 7 Notes PAM 2030


Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Fertility Period Measures Cohort Measures
Population and Public Policy
Professor Sassler
Class Notes
population, PAM
25 ?




Popular in Population and Public Policy

Popular in Political Science

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Eunice on Saturday March 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PAM 2030 at Cornell University taught by Professor Sassler in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Population and Public Policy in Political Science at Cornell University.


Reviews for Week 7 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/12/16
PAM 2030 Sassler Spring 2016 March 8, 2016  iclicker: general fertility rate vs. CBR o general fertility rate specifies over who is at risk of fertility  fertility o who is at risk of fertility?  women  fecund  between menarche and menopause  not sterile  had sex  not currently pregnant o period vs. cohort data  period: cross section of population at a specific time (snapshot)  ex. CBR  cross sectional data makes for period analysis  cohort: focuses on experience of a particular group of people (ex. women) who share demographic experience (ex. as women go through their childbearing years of life)  longitudinal  ex. birth, school class cohorts  longitudinal data: over time, across a life course, before after a certain period (ex. recession)  following a population makes for cohort analysis  more data necessary but reveals how events affect a population o period measures: simplest, readily available data  CBR: crude birth rate  (# of live births in year X)/(midyear population in year X) *1000  ignores age structure  GFR: general fertility rate  CBR refined  requires gender and age structure data  (# of live births in year X)/(midyear population of women aged 15 to 44 in year X) *1000  refined by those at risk of birth  more accurate data on level of reproduction  GFR = approx. 4.5xCBR  shortcoming o GFR is influenced by shifts in the age distribution o not age specific  ex. if more women are older than 35, there will be a downward effect  doesn’t reveal delayed childbearing  can be refined into General Marital Fertility Rate and General Non-Marital Fertility Rate o the denominator is refined by marriage status of the women o recently: GMFR has decreased as GNMFR has increased  the more women are in their peak childbearing years, the higher the GFR  GPFR: general paternal fertility rate  similar to GFR except with men instead of women in the refined denominator  reproductive span in longer than women’s (15 to 44): 15 to 54 years aged men o so the overall GPFR<GFR  CWR: child woman ratio  (# of children younger than 5yrs)/(#number of women 15- 49) *1000  vital rates information not required  tends to understate fertility o due to greater mortality rates among children than among childbearing women o the 0 to 5 year range for kids lessens this effect  rate vs. ratio:  rate: frequency of an event, allows comparison between countries and populations  ratio: relation between subgroups (ex. dependency ratio) o cohort measures:  TFR: total fertility rate  calculated from age specific fertility rates  assumes a stable population in each age group o creates a synthetic cohort:  examine 1000 women and then scale by fertility rates o longitudinal data o standardizes the population  note: assumes that every age group will have the same birth rate regardless of the cohort that passes through it  how to calculate o per age group of x to x+4 (5 year groups) o (# of births to women aged x to x+4)/(# of women aged x to x+4)*K = age specific fertility rate o multiply age specific fertility rate by 5 o sum all age specific fertility rate from (15 to 19) to (45 to 49) = TFR  hypothetical measure based on fertility information from one point in time  can fluctuate dramatically if there’s a shift in the timing of the births among women in their childbearing years  GRR: gross reproduction rate  measures number of female children (potential mothers of the future)  = ~.492xTFR  doesn’t consider age structure  NRR: net reproduction rate  considers the likelihood of surviving childbearing years  if NRR=1, means exactly enough daughters are born to replace the mothers’ population  doesn’t consider age structure  CEB: children ever born  completed fertility rate  counts the number of children a women has in her lifetime o generally those aged 40-44 have finished bearing children o with increased edu, women have been delaying child-bearing until later ages  census began to collect data up to 50 years of age


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.