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Introduction to American History

by: Steven Quaranto

Introduction to American History

Marketplace > George Washington University > History > Introduction to American History
Steven Quaranto
GPA 3.9

Professor Stott

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About this Document

These notes highlight the main points of the European Invasion of America. We decipher the cause and effects of the invasion in New Mexico, Jamestown, Plymouth, and Massachusetts Bay and how these ...
Professor Stott
One Day of Notes
history, Columbian Exchange, Early America, John Winthrop, King Phillip's War
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This 4 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Steven Quaranto on Wednesday September 3, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to a course at George Washington University taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 107 views.


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Date Created: 09/03/14
HIST 1310 Prof Stott Wednesday September 3 2014 Introduction to American History The European Invasion of America Names Italicized Dates Bolded Events Underlined Identifications John Winthrop King Phiip s War 16751676 Columbian Exchange A Human Invasion Pre1598 A City of Gold north of the desert caught the interest of the Europeans in the Southwest Coronado s Expedition 15401542 Arrived at the Pueblo Indian tribes not exactly the City of Gold Traveled all the way to presentday Kansas until figuring out that there was no City of Gold New Mexico 1598 500 settlers including soldiers led by Juan de Onate established settlements north of the Rio Grande Believed that if they separated themselves from the Europeans they could have a better relationship with the indians New Mexico does not flourish due to the environmental conditions of the desert January 241599 Spaniard attack on the Acoma Pueblo By 1800 Only about 20000 spaniards alive in New Mexico Indians had an even lower population down to 8000 people Spread from New Mexico to Florida along the Gulf of Mexico Built Procidios Small forts to withstand small attacks as they moved across the Gulf of Mexico HIST 1310 Prof Stott Wednesday September 3 2014 Built in order to gain geopolitical power between New Mexico and Northern North America Jamestown 1607 Spain settled Santa Fe in 1607 so Spain seemed to lead the fight for geopolitical power in the New World Several failed colonies before Jamestown Jamestown was very well capitalized Virginia Company chartered in 1606 helped make Jamestown profitable Investors put money into Jamestown in order to make a profit Many of the people were fortune hunters and adventurers not many farmers Malnutrition and hunger became a huge problem Only 60 of the 220 1st settlers were still alive in 1609 Jamestown farmed Tobacco Their merchantable commodity Led to the economic success of Jamestown It has been estimated that in 1824 of the 8000 settlers that moved to the New World 3400 were still alive Plymouth 1620 and Massachusetts Bay 1630 Settled for religious purposes not economic prosperity King Henry the 8th severed the ties of the catholic church and created the Church of England People who rejected the Church of England were seen as enemies of the state They were tortured and sometimes killed There was a group of protestants that believed that the Church of England had too many catholic values These people were called the Puritans Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay were both founded in order to be able to proclaim their religion The founders of Plymouth wanted nothing to do with the Church of England HIST 1310 Prof Stott Wednesday September 3 2014 They held no charter from the King yet they left in the Fall of 1620 The people of Massachusetts Bay believed in reforming the Church of England not to completely abolish it Massachusetts Bay was more successful John Winthrop 15871649 Was the governor of the Massachusetts Bay colony Actually received a charter from the King and took it with him to America Wanted people in England to follow their Model in order to begin reform in England Once the Europeans began to come into Massachusetts Indians began to die off In 1600 20000 Wampanoags in Massachusetts By 16141616 The population declined drastically due to alien diseases By the 1620 s 2000 or less Indians were living in Massachusetts 90 mortality rate King Phiip s War 16751676 King Philip wanted to attack the whites and remove them from the land English proved to be too strong Indian power dwindles and English take control of the land If there was no disease could the English have handled the Indian resistance The Puritans believed their success was part of God s plan that they were there for a reason that they are God s people The Columbian Exchange Movement of disease livestock foods and other goods between Europe and America Horses cattle and sheep all spread through from Spanish controlled Mexico up and through the western half of North America Horses were used to hunt for Indians and Europeans alike Many of the plants that are common in today s America are not native to America HIST 1310 Prof Stott Wednesday September 3 2014 Syphilis was a disease that did spread from America to Europe Why did the American diseases not spread to Europe The absence of herd animals contributes to the lack of Americanborn diseases in the Columbian Exchange as many animals give these diseases


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