Spanish 1013 - Week 1 Class Material - Chapter 9.1
Spanish 1013 - Week 1 Class Material - Chapter 9.1 SPAN1013
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Olsen on Saturday March 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SPAN1013 at University of Cincinnati taught by Brian Hunter in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Extended Basic Spanish 3 in Foreign Language at University of Cincinnati.
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Date Created: 03/12/16
¡Hola! These notes are based on the Spanish textbook "Panorama" in the 14 edition! Chapter 9 – Section 1 – Irregular Preterites Refresher from Chapter 6 – Regular Preterites: -ar verbs -er verbs -ir verbs comprar vender escribir compré vendí escribí compraste vendiste escribiste compró vendió escribió compramos vendimos escribimos comprasteis vendisteis escribisteis compraron vendieron escribieron This tense is used to describe past actions that are complete. This are not ongoing or habitual actions; they are one-time instances. The yo and Ud., él, ella forms are accented. -er and –ir verb endings (conjugations) are the same. -ar and –er verbs that may change their stem in the present tense, will not in the preterite tense. -ir verbs will still show a stem-change. New Material: venir (i-stem) decir (j-stem) vine dije viniste dijiste vino dijo vinimos dijimos vinisteis dijisteis vinieron dijeron None of the forms are accented. These verbs fall into stem change "categories". Each verbs conjugations are determined by the stem category the verb belongs to. Irregular preterite verbs are either u-stem, i- stem, or j-stem. The stem change categories of u-stem and i-stem share the same endings. Regardless of a verb's infinitive ending (querer, estar), the verbs that are irregular in the preterite tense have the same conjugated endings; unless the infinitive stem ends in "cir" (conducir). This causes the stem of that verb to end in a "j" (conduj-). The "j" ending effects only the Uds., ellos, ellas form by changing the ending from the normal "- ieron" to "-eron". The verbs ir (to be) and ser (to go) are also irregular in the preterite tense. Their stem changes are the same (so one would have to use context to know which verb the writer or speaker is implying). Both ir and ser change to fu-. To conjugate, just add the j-stem endings (fui, fuiste, fue, fuimos, fuisteis, fueron) In addition to ir and ser, these are irregular preterite verbs: U-stem J-stem Poder = pud- Traer = traj- Poner = pus- Conducir = conduj- Saber = sup- Traducir = traduj- I-stem Estar = estuv- Querer = quis- Hacer = hic- The verb dar doesn't follow the stem change categories (u-stem, i-stem, j-stem). It's stem in the preterite, omits the –ar, making it only d-. It uses the same conjugation endings as the u-stem and i-stem verbs. The preterite of the infinitive verb haber is "hubo" which means there was; there were.
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