SOC 1003, Week 9
SOC 1003, Week 9 SOC 1003
Arkansas Tech University
Popular in Introductory Sociology
Popular in Sociology
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by KBeard2 on Saturday March 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 1003 at Arkansas Tech University taught by J Stobaugh in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Arkansas Tech University.
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Date Created: 03/12/16
SOC 1003: Intro to Sociology Dr. James Stobaugh Week 9 (3/4 – 3/12) Notes Social Class Perspectives “Power Elite” – those with the most power and connections to make/influence big decisions, coined by Mills Marx o Bourgeoisie and proletariat Updated Marx (Neomarxists) o Capitalists – top owners, CEOs, inherited money o Managerial – regional/local control and responsibility o Small Business – local, family o Working – blue/white collar, no ownership or control Weber o Class = wealth + power + prestige o Level of one often effects the others o Status inconsistent – high levels in one/two categories and low levels in the other o Status consistent – equal levels in all categories Updated Weber o Capitalist Upperupper – power elite, family money, old society Lowerupper – new money, often on reality TV o Uppermiddle – highly educated, careers (doctors, lawyers) o Lowermiddle – educated o Working – skillbased, services (little to no education) Pink Collar – commonly female, childcare, nonmanual labor o Working poor – unskilled, seasonal jobs (migrant workers) o Underclass – chronically unemployed Born into = 50% chance of remaining Consequences of Class Health – lack of access/resources, stress, coping mechanisms (drugs, alcohol) Family (marriage) o Higher classes – stress importance and distinction of class o Lower classes – more likely to divorce (financial stress) Education – lack of resources, financial need (work) takes precedence Religion – Presbyterian/Episcopalian (higher), Baptist/Pentecostal/Catholic (lower) Politics o Higher – Republican (won’t raise taxes) o Lower – Democrats (less taxes for poor) Crime/Criminal Justice – poor most like to earn a criminal record o No influence, can’t afford best representation Economy (outsourcing) o Higher class – retains income as owners/management o Lower class – loses work and income Poverty Poverty Line – 1/3 of income spent on food (based on 1960s) o Today – 1/5 of income (cheaper food), line still based on 1960s Geography – highest concentrations in the South Race – 10% white, 24% black, 27% Native American Education – 3/100 college graduates, 1/4 high school dropouts Family – single mother Old/Elderly – social safety nets (programs) Race – category singledout on the basis of real/alleged physical characteristics Defined by o Skin color (common default) o Religion (Jewish) o Nationality (British) o Species (human) Biologically insignificant Social construction (varies with society) o “If it is treated as real, its consequences are real.” Ethnicity – common characteristics of groups Cultural traits (food, language) Sense of community Ethnocentrism Often diminishes over generations as local cultures Geographic area (China Town) Ascribed are integrated/adopted Race Classification Ancient Greece/Rome – location, familial region Middle Ages18 Century – physical differences th 19 Century – distinct biological categories 20 Century – skin color (white/black), assumed racial purity