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SOC 1003, Week 9

by: KBeard2

SOC 1003, Week 9 SOC 1003

Arkansas Tech University
GPA 3.9

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Social Class: perspectives, consequences, poverty, race/ethinicity
Introductory Sociology
J Stobaugh
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by KBeard2 on Saturday March 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 1003 at Arkansas Tech University taught by J Stobaugh in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Arkansas Tech University.

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Date Created: 03/12/16
SOC 1003: Intro to Sociology  Dr. James Stobaugh Week 9 (3/4 – 3/12) Notes Social Class Perspectives  “Power Elite” – those with the most power and connections to make/influence big  decisions, coined by Mills  Marx  o Bourgeoisie and proletariat  Updated Marx (Neomarxists) o Capitalists – top owners, CEOs, inherited money o Managerial – regional/local control and responsibility o Small Business – local, family o Working – blue/white collar, no ownership or control  Weber o Class = wealth + power + prestige o Level of one often effects the others o Status inconsistent – high levels in one/two categories and low levels in the other  o Status consistent – equal levels in all categories  Updated Weber o Capitalist   Upper­upper – power elite, family money, old society  Lower­upper – new money, often on reality TV o Upper­middle – highly educated, careers (doctors, lawyers) o Lower­middle – educated  o Working – skill­based, services (little to no education)  Pink Collar – commonly female, childcare, non­manual labor o Working poor – unskilled, seasonal jobs (migrant workers) o Underclass – chronically unemployed  Born into = 50% chance of remaining Consequences of Class  Health – lack of access/resources, stress, coping mechanisms (drugs, alcohol)  Family (marriage)  o Higher classes – stress importance and distinction of class o Lower classes – more likely to divorce (financial stress)  Education – lack of resources, financial need (work) takes precedence  Religion – Presbyterian/Episcopalian (higher), Baptist/Pentecostal/Catholic (lower)  Politics o Higher – Republican (won’t raise taxes) o Lower – Democrats (less taxes for poor)  Crime/Criminal Justice – poor most like to earn a criminal record o No influence, can’t afford best representation  Economy (outsourcing) o Higher class – retains income as owners/management o Lower class – loses work and income Poverty  Poverty Line – 1/3 of income spent on food (based on 1960s) o Today – 1/5 of income (cheaper food), line still based on 1960s  Geography – highest concentrations in the South  Race – 10% white, 24% black, 27% Native American  Education – 3/100 college graduates, 1/4 high school drop­outs  Family – single mother   Old/Elderly – social safety nets (programs) Race – category singled­out on the basis of real/alleged physical characteristics  Defined by  o Skin color (common default) o Religion (Jewish) o Nationality (British) o Species (human)  Biologically insignificant   Social construction (varies with society) o “If it is treated as real, its consequences are real.” Ethnicity – common characteristics of groups  Cultural traits (food, language)  Sense of community  Ethnocentrism  Often diminishes over  generations as local cultures   Geographic area (China Town)  Ascribed  are integrated/adopted Race Classification  Ancient Greece/Rome – location, familial region  Middle Ages­18  Century – physical differences th  19  Century – distinct biological categories  20  Century – skin color (white/black), assumed racial purity


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