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by: Mayra Willms


Mayra Willms
GPA 3.93

Corey Cook

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About this Document

Corey Cook
Class Notes
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Popular in social psychology

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mayra Willms on Friday September 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOP 3004 at University of Florida taught by Corey Cook in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see /class/206683/sop-3004-university-of-florida in social psychology at University of Florida.




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Date Created: 09/18/15
Chapter 1 gt Social psychology the scientific study of how people s thoughts feelings and behaviors are influenced by other people Scientific Social Psych gt Description 0 objective gt Explanation o subjective 0 Can connect many thousands of unconnected observations into an interconnected coherent and meaningful pattern 0 Theory scientific explanation that connects and organizes existing observations and suggest fruitful paths for future research I Likely to suggest searching elsewhere for the causes of social behavior I Help us make predictions about future events and control previously unmanageable phenomena Four Major Perspectives gt Sociocultural o The view that a person s prejudices preferences and political persuasions are affected by factors that work at the level of the group larger social group I Ex nationality social class and current historical trends 0 Social Norms rules about appropriate behavior Culture a set of beliefs customs habits and language shared by the people living ina O particular time and place gt Evolutionary 0 View point that human social behaviors are rooted in physical and psychological predispositions that helped our ancestors survive and reproduce 0 Darwin developed concept that social behaviors and emotional expressions evolved along with physical features such as upright posture and grasping thumbs I Natural selection the process by which characteristics that help animals survive and reproduce are passed on to their offspring I Adaptation A characteristic that is well designed for survival and reproduction in a particular environment 0 Common view is that biological influences on humans and other animals are usually flexible and responsive to the environment gt Social Learning 0 Viewpoint that focuses on past learning experiences as determinants of a person s social behaviors I Similar to the sociocultural perspective in that it searches for the causes of social behavior in a person s environment 0 Emphasizes the individual s unique experience in a particular family school or peer group 0 More concerned with larger social aggregates Sororities Protestants upper class etc gt Social Cognitive o Viewpoint that focuses on the mental processes involved in paying attention to interpreting and remembering social experiences 0 Focus on a person s SUBJECTIVE interpretations of events in the social world 0 Emphasizes the interaction between events in the situation and the person s interpretations I A person s interpretation of a situation relates to their goals at the time 5 fundamental motives behind goal oriented social behavior 1 To establish social ties 2 To understand ourselves and others 3 To gain and maintain status 4 To defend ourselves and those we value 5 To attract and retain mates 0 The Person Characteristics of individuals 0 Situation environmental events and circumstances 0 PersonSituation Interaction shape each other and change Descriptive Methods procedure for measuring or recording behaviors thoughts and feelings in their natural state gt Naturalistic Observations recording every day behavior as they unfold in their natural settings 0 Advantages Behavior is spontaneous o Disadvantages Observer bias researcher may interfere with ongoing behavior V Case Studies an intensive examination of an individual or group 0 Advantages rich source of hypothesis allows study of rare behaviors o Disadvantages Observer bias difficult to generalize cannot determine causality gt Archives examination of systematic data originally collected for other purposes 0 Advantages easy access to large amounts of info 0 Disadvantages Many interesting social behaviors are never recorded gt Surveys a technique in which the researcher asks people to report on their beliefs feelings or behaviors 0 Advantages allows costeffective study of difficult to observe behaviors thoughts and feelings o Disadvantages risk of loaded wording influence of surveyor


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