New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

SOC100 Weeks 7-8 Lecture Notes For Exam 2

by: Hannah Wright

SOC100 Weeks 7-8 Lecture Notes For Exam 2 SOC100

Marketplace > University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign > Sociology > SOC100 > SOC100 Weeks 7 8 Lecture Notes For Exam 2
Hannah Wright
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Sociology 100: Introduction to Sociology

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Sociology 100: Introduction to Sociology notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

These notes cover what's going to be on our next exam.
Sociology 100: Introduction to Sociology
Rebecca, Sandefur
Class Notes
sociology, UIUC, SOC100, Rebecca Sandefur, notes, Study Guide, Exam 2




Popular in Sociology 100: Introduction to Sociology

Popular in Sociology

This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Wright on Saturday March 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC100 at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign taught by Rebecca, Sandefur in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Sociology 100: Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.


Reviews for SOC100 Weeks 7-8 Lecture Notes For Exam 2


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/12/16
Soc 100 Lectures for Exam 2 Methods of sociological inquiry -research question -concepts -data The General Social Survey: -around since 1972 -now conducted biennially -n=1500 in each administration represents the nation Experiments: -start with a hypothesis -find ways to “control for” other things that might affect the outcome of interest Slave systems of stratification -Chattel slavery -human trafficking -b/c it’s your property, you can do anything you want with it -Debt bondage/bonded labor -fixed or definite term -sell yourself to another person as a way to pay off debt, if you don't pay it off it goes to your kid -Forced labor Class systems of stratification -elite class, upper class, middle class, lower middle class, poor class Class Ala Weber classes are groups of people with a common relationship to the marketplace… Some factors that distinguish classes from each other for Weberians -Income and other kinds of play -labor market opportunities Class ala Marx -classes are groups of people who share a common relationship to the means of production -ownership of means of production Marx’s theory of social class -ownership In contemporary capitalism, ownership and control are often separated. so some of the proletariat have control, while others don’t Marx made modern -identify class positions, based on… Subculture: beliefs, values, ways of understanding the world, ways of communicating, normative patterns of behavior that are peculiar to a particular subgroup in a large society style of life: tastes, preferences… Meritocracy and equal opportunity -meritocarcy -ability + effort =merit -achievement= f(merit) -rewards=f(merit) Social Mobility: Intragenerational: mobility within a generation (your lifetime) -ex of studies: careers, earnings and trajectories, job mobility, promotions -adverse childhood experiences: early death, disease, disability, and social problems, adoption of health risk behaviors, social emotional, and cognitive impairment, disrupted neurodevelopment, adverse childhood experiences -on scale form conception to death Intergenerational: mobility between generations Legitimation of Inequality: -beliefs, norms, values, ideology beliefs: ideas about what’s real and what’s not real -miasmas cause disease -barnacle geese come from barnacles -the earth is pretty much round -hard work leads to success -remember the Thomas Theorem: beliefs do not have to be accurate to have effects in the world Values: shared ideas about what is good, desirable, worthy, as opposed to bad, undesirable, worthless -ex: honesty, loyalty, physical toughness, intelligence Ideology: constellations of beliefs that are an idealized reflection of what people experience and do. These beliefs are not an exact replica of what happens, but are “normative average”: certain (not all) aspects of what happens on average come to be taken as what does happen or ought to happen -ideologies contain a particular point of view -pick up different aspects of society and spin them in a particular way -emphasize some things, but not other things Subjective Illusions: incorrect perceptions of reality due to faulty sense of organs or misuse of working sense organs -color blindness -something wrong with your perceiver Objective Illusions: incorrect perceptions of reality that arise from more or less accurate perceptions of what one can perceive -the sun rises over the horizon each morning -happens when everything is going just fine -see facts and tell a story about them and everything makes sense, but it’s all fundamentally round -take facts that are around us and put them together in ways that are coherent with the facts, but they’re just wrong, not crazy Social Reproduction: the process by which the divisions and inequalities found within a social group or society are replaced across time and across generations Two aspects: 1. Structural Replication: look at it day to day and everything is the same 2. Intergenerational Inheritance: how do we fill those statuses? are you going to be in the same status as your parents, or have a different one?? Opportunity Structure -the chance or likelihood of doing certain things, achieving certain goals, or receiving certain rewards -define the possible -the menu of options (menu is not made up of us) -these chances or likelihoods are shaped by many forces that are outside an individual’s control -we think of the chances to become x as an opportunity structure -if x is a position where you work for pay, then we can divide the opportunity structure into two parts 1. the “pipeline” of x-creation 2. The labor market for fully-fledged x’s ex: professional basketball -pipeline: the number and distribution in social space of opportunities to develop basketball skills Public Interest Law -share of entering law students who say they want to work in public interest jobs after graduation: -30-60%, depending on the school and the study -share of ALL law jobs that are public interest jobs -1.5% Structural Replication: Reproduction of the form of the social structure -ex: in a capitalist society, the relative proportions pretty stable over time -ex: the share of all law jobs that are public interest jobs could hold pretty steady Intergenerational Inheritance: Inheritance by individuals or groups of particular social positions -ex: when children go into the same line of work as the parent Social Reproduction theories: -correspondence theory: theres a class structure to society and the stuff in that society are parts of the structure -understandings about you that make you fit into the workplace high structural determination = cast system -learning divided into subjects -work divided into jobs -students divided hierarchically -workers divided hierarchically -students motivated by extrinsic -workers motivated by extrinsic rewards rewards (grades), rather than interest (money) rather than interest or pleasure in or pleasure in mastery work -students learn to compete for top spots -cultural approaches: -bourdieu, bernstein, paul willis -High individual agency -Bourdieuian social reproduction theory: -habitus: tastes, dispositions, the way you understand the world -learn by experience -carry it with you -stable disposition Cultural capital -knowledge, skills, attitudes, tastes, experiences, personality traits -that are…fungible (exchange for other things in life (ie. money)), ranked in ways that advantage dominant groups Occupational prestige as a measure of social class: -high -architects, pharmacists, judges, physicians -upper middle -accountants, grade and high school teachers -lower-middle -telephone repair-people, airplane mechanics -low -truck drivers Annette Lareau (unequal childhoods): -middle/professional classes Working/poor classes -parental authority: negotiation, Parental authority: directives, customize no debate Social Class and Language Use -Restricted code: -when people interact frequently, “restricted code” can emerge. Grounded in shared culture, experience and understandings, much is implied, rather than stated, and outsiders can find it difficult to understand -ex: slang -elaborated code -“stands on is own”… Aspirations and expectations: -aspirations: people’s hopes or wishes to do or be or achieve something -outcomes and wishes don’t always add up -expectations: pals predictions about what they are likely to do or be


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.