Chapter 1 notes
Chapter 1 notes PS 1113
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tina Ta on Saturday March 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PS 1113 at East Mississippi Community College taught by David Litton in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see American Government in Politic Science at East Mississippi Community College.
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Date Created: 03/12/16
What is politics? 1) The struggle over power or influence within organizations of informal groups that can grant benefits or privileges.or 2) who gets what , when and how in a society Government refers to the institution in which decisions are made that resolve conflict of allocate benefits and privileges. Once a society reaches a certain level of complexity there is likely to emerge a peron or persons to make decisions allocating values for a society. That is when we have government. The level of government control varies. Why do people obey laws/ Because they believe the government has the authority and the power to force compliance and people generally feel the laws made by the government are legitimate or reasonably right. Three examples of how societies are governed 1) totalitarian regime form of government that controls every aspect of political and social life. 2) anarchy no government and 3) democracy government by the people Direct Democracy A system of government in which political decisions are made by the people directly Representative Democracy A form of government in which representatives elected by the people make and enforce laws and policies. In this country we are governed by a representative democracy, although we do have some examples of direct democracy in our political system. Those examples are initiative, referendum and recall. It is said that our government is a compromise between the needs of the modern state and the desire for democratic control. Our government is a balance between central power and the rights of the people. Representative democracies rest on the rule of the people as expressed through the election of government officials. The emphasis on the equality of every individual before the law is central to the American system. Since everyone's vote counts equally, the only way to make fair decisions is by some form of majority rule, which is a basic principle of democray that asserts that the greatest number of citizens in any political unit should select officials and dtermine policies. To ensure that majority rule does not become oppressive, modern democracies provide guarantees of minority rights. Limited government The concept that government has limits on its authority and those limits are expressed in the constitution. Elite theory The theory that the population has little if any impact on the decision making process and decisions are made by a select few within society. Political ideologies 1) liberalism government should improve the welfare of individuals, support civil rights of individuals and have a tolerance for political and social change. 2) conservatism government should play a limited role, traditional values and lifestyles are supported and there is preference for the status quo. Capitalism An economic system characterized by private ownership of wealthcreating assets and also by free markets and freedom of contract.
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