GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY PSY 2012
Popular in Course
Popular in Psychlogy
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jabari Douglas on Friday September 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 2012 at University of Florida taught by Robin West in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see /class/206716/psy-2012-university-of-florida in Psychlogy at University of Florida.
Reviews for GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/18/15
Terms and Names are in one list for stress abnormal behavior criterialdefinition behavior that is disturbing socially unacceptable distressing maladaptive so slef defeating and often the result of distorted thoughts acute stress a transient state of arousal with typically clear onset and offset patterns affect and schizophrenia a mental disorder that makes it difficult to tell the difference between real and unrea agreeableness sympathetic kind and affectionate versus cold quarrelsome and cruel agoraphobia an extreme fear of being in public places or open spaces from which escape may be difficult or embarrassing anxiety disorders pg 448 symptomscausestreatment anxiety hierarchy appraisal of stress attributions and depression autistic disorder a developmental disorder characterized by severe disruption of children s ability to form social bonds and use language aversion therapy a type of behavioral therapy used to treat individuals attracted to harmful stimuli an attractive stimulus is paired with a noxious stimulus in order to elicit a negative reaction to the target stimulus Bandura reciprocal determinism Beck theory of cognitive sets cognitive triad behavioral perspective disorders therapy pg 484 behavior modification the use of empirically demonstrated behavior change techniques to improve behavio Big Five fivefactor model extraversion neuroticism openness to experience agreeableness conscientiousness biological perspective disorders personality therapy biomedical therapies physiological interventions that focus on the reduction of symptoms associated with psychological disorders bipolar disorder symptoms causes manic depressive brain and causes of disorders catastrophic thinking catatonic type A form of schizophrenia characterized by a tendency to remain in a fixed stuporous state for long periods catharsis the process of expressing strongly felt but usually repressed emotions chronic stress a continuous state of arousal in which an individual perceives demands as greater than the inner and outer resources available for dealing with them clientcentered therapy a humanistic approach to treatment that emphasizes the healthy psychological growth of the individual based on the assumption that all people share the basic tendency of human nature toward selfactualization cognitive behavioral therapy a therapeutic approach that combines the cognitive emphasis on thoughts and attitudes with the behavioral emphasis on changing performance cognitive perspective disorders personality therapy comorbidity the experience of more than one disorder at the same time concordance rates high in seasonal effect disorder high presence of same trait congruence triangle made up of the real self the perceived self and ideal self According to Rogers when there is a good fit between all three components the person has congruence conscientiousness organized responsible and cautious versus careless frivolous and irresponsible consistency paradox the observation that personality ratings across time and among different observers are consistent while behavior ratings across situations are not consistent contingency management a general treatment strategy involving changing behavior by modifying its consequences coping the process of dealing with internal or external demands that are perceived to be threatening or overwhelming Costa amp McCrae five factor model Counterconditioning a technique used in therapy to substitute a new response for a maladaptive ones by means of condioting procedures cultural factors personality disorders therapy daily hassles everyday events that people experience as harmful threatening or annoying deinstitutionalizationthe movement to treat people with psychological disorders in the community rather than in psychiatric hospitals delusion false or irrational belief maintained despite clear evidence to the contrary depressive disorder symptoms causes treatment diathesisstress hypothesis a hypothesis about the cause of certain disorders such as schizophrenia that suggests that genetic factors predispose an individual to a certain disorder but that environmental stress factors must impinge in orderforthe potential riskto manifest itself disorganized type characterized by prominent disorganized behavior and speech dissociative identity disorder a dissociative mental disorder in which two or more distinct personalities exist within the same individual formerly known as multiple personality disorder diversity disorders therapy Ego the aspect of personality involved in selfpreservation activities and in directing instinctual drives and urges into appropriate channels ego defense mechanisms mental strategy conscious and unconscious used by the ego to defend itself against conflicts experienced in the normal course of life emotionfocused coping empathy the ability to imagine oneself in another39s place and understand the other39s feelings desires ideas and actions expectancy the extent to which people believe that their behaviors in particular situations will bring about rewards exposure therapy a behavioral technique in which clients are exposed to the objects or situations that cause them anxiety extraversionintraversion talkative energetic and assertive versus quiet reserved and shy family therapy a branch of psychotherapy that works with families and couples in intimate relationships to nurture change and development fight or flight a sequenece of internal activities triggered when an organism is faced with a threat prepares the body for combat and struggle or for running away to safety free association the therapeutic method in which a patient gives a running account of thoughts wishes physical sensations and mental images as they occur Freud Freudian slips frequency of disorders gender differences disorders stress response general adaptation syndrome GAS the pattern of nonspecific adaptational physiological mechanisms that occurs in response to continuing threat by almost any serious stressor 3 stages alarm reaction stage of resistance stage of exhaustion generalized anxiety disorder an anxiety disorder in which an individual feels anxious and worried most of the time for at least six months when not threatened by any specific danger or object geneticsheritability disorders personality
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'