CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY ANT 2410
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Gregory Bergnaum V on Friday September 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 2410 at University of Florida taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see /class/206852/ant-2410-university-of-florida in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Florida.
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Date Created: 09/18/15
Lecture 16 Outline 102108 Marriage There is no single de nition of marriage that is adequate to account for the diversity found in marriages cross culturally Some examples of the de nition of marriage Marriage is the institution whereby men and women are joined in a special kind of social and legal dependence for the purpose of founding and maintaining a family Merriam Webster s Collegiate Dictionary 10th ed Marriage is a union between a man and a woman such that children born to the woman are recognized legitimate offspring of both partners Notes and Queries 1951 Marriage is a relationship established between a woman and one or more other persons which provides that a child born to the woman under circumstances not prohibited by the rules of the relationship is accorded full birthstatus rights common to normal members of his society or social stratum Kathleen Gough 1959 Marriage is the socially recognized union of two or more individuals who are usually but not always of the opposite sex Eugene N Cohen and Edwin Eames 1982 Sources of the dif culty in de ning maniage Assuming marriage as a universal social institution Assigning a moral connotation to that institution Common point in the better known de nitions of marriage Marriage is a legal institution that has to do with rights duties and responsibilities of the partners involved and children they may produce What does marriage do in most human societies To provide regulation of sexual access between males and females To provide social bene ts and legal protection to partners in the socially approved sexual union The need to assign responsibility for child care The need to provide legitimate status for children To organize division of labor between males and females in a domestic unit The concern about inheritance of property and social status Forms of marriage Endogamy the rule prescribing that an individual must marry within a particular group Exogamy the rule which speci es that an individual must marry outside the group covered by the rule Crosscousin marriage a preferential rule which requires that one must marry one39s crosscousin if such a person is available Monogamy the rule that allows only one spouse for each individual at a time Polygamy the general term for the rule allowing more than one spouse for each individual at a time Polyandry the rule permitting a woman to have more than one husband at a time Polygyny the rule permitting a man to have more than one wife at a time Levirate the custom whereby a man marries the widow of a deceased brother Sororate the custom whereby when a man s wife dies her unmarried sister is given to him as a wife Forms of marital residence Marital residence or locality rules that determine where a newlywed couple should reside Patrilocal a norm that requires the bride to reside with the groom either nearby or in the home of his parents Matrilocal a norm that requires the groom to reside with his bride either nearby or in the home of her parents Neolocal a norm in which a new independent household is established at marriage for the newlywed Duolocal a norm which requires a married couple to remain in their natal households respectively thus no joint marital residence is formed Virilocal a synonym for patrilocal but connotes that a married couple live with the husband s lineage rather than with the father Uxorilocal a synonym for matrilocal but connotes that a married couple live with the wife39s lineage rather than with the mother Saheri s Choice film Arranged marriage is common in rural and urban India alike among all castes Education family wealth and astrological compatibility are examined as important factors in determining with whom the marriages are arranged In rural India parents often arrange marriages for children well before they reach the legal ages Breaking engagements would incur severe penalties Lecture 20 Outline 110408 De nitions of religion Religion is the beliefs and practices concerned with supernatural beings powers and forces Anthony Wallace 1966 A religion is a system of symbols which act to establish powerful pervasive and longlasting moods and motivations in men by formulating conceptions of a general order of existence and clothing these conceptions with such an aura of factuality that the moods and motivations seem uniquely realistic Clifford Geerttz 1973 Supernatural those powers events and experiences that are beyond ordinary human control and the laws of nature and are outside reality as normally experienced Religion is a cultural universal every culture has some set of beliefs and practices that center on the relationship of humans to the supernatural Most important functions of religion Religion exists in every culture serving to answer grand questions such as who we are where we came from what is the meaning of what we are doing where we are heading toward why the world is the
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