FOUNDA EDUCA TECHNOL
FOUNDA EDUCA TECHNOL EME 5054
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This 11 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sherwood Hartmann PhD on Friday September 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to EME 5054 at University of Florida taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see /class/206897/eme-5054-university-of-florida in Media Arts and Design at University of Florida.
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Date Created: 09/18/15
Overview of Research Methods With emphasis on educational technology research Introduction 0 Natural sciences have been scienti cally studied for centuries 0 20th century began to investigate social amp behavioral questions 7 Methods still evolving r Tend to be logically straightforward although terminology can invoke fear Why address research methods Tendency to think of science as an almost mechanical process when it is really a human process amp therefore fallible Research is a creative act not a paintebyenumbers game Research methods differ in goals Need to read research some of you will do research Roles amp Outcomes of Research 0 Exploration amp Description 7 Poking around where others have not Pearson 7 Fresh eyes on situations Fields 7 Trying to discover new situations amp relationships Eley Roles amp Outcomes of Research 0 Exploration amp Description 7 Shedding light on phenomenacultures Joniak 7 Developing labels forwhat was explored Sheingold amp Hadley 7 De ning an attribute and inventing a way to recognize it Moersch Roles amp Outcomes of Research 0 Explanation r Logically follows from a good description 7 Understand situations to predict what will happen in them Geddes r Allows us to take steps to change outcomes to our liking Hartshorne Swain r Universally emphasized across disciplines Roles amp Outcomes of Research 0 Validation 7 Test the explanation Kulik TELE7Web 7 Attempts to uncover incorrect explanations oversights limitations etc Weglinski 7 Key role for those interested in paralleling physical amp biological sciences Cont1nuum Used for illustmtive purposes real world is signi cantly messier Cyclical Nature Quantitative Qualitative Inform amp complement one another Emphases of different methods Oversimpli es Wm emphases all methods can be used in any role Darker rectangle greater emphasis th 1993 Chain of Reasoning 0 Graphical representation of logical argument involved in research Krathwohl 1993 7 Research is a social process that is the researcher is communicating their study with an audience and the audience is trying to follow it 7 Fairly standard form has evolved although sequence and speci cs vary depending on methods and purposes 7 Need to understand components to both read and communicate research Links to previous studies Explanation mtiunale meory puinlafviaw Questions h untheses models Krathwohl 1993 Llnwmy Chain of reasoning A chain is only as strong as its weakest link All links should be equally strong Each link is determined by the link before it Where links share the load one of them may be made stronger to compensate for weakness in another Reference 0 Krathwohl DR l993 Methods of Educational and Social Science Research An Integrated Approach WaV eland Press Inc NoTE Second edition published in 2004 g 21 EEEEEEEQ 33 885 E 2 in EE Ea 5525 EB 2338 555mm 5 J 1 u u P Equot Emu1 Scnxwry Long term Memory Cognitive constructivism b J Ban Piaget S ocio Cultural constructivism A LEV S Vygosky Barbara Rogoff