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by: Dameon Parisian


Dameon Parisian
GPA 3.65

Sarah Rockwell

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Sarah Rockwell
Class Notes
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dameon Parisian on Friday September 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to EEX 3616 at University of Florida taught by Sarah Rockwell in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see /class/206937/eex-3616-university-of-florida in Family and Child Sciences at University of Florida.

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Date Created: 09/18/15
EEX 3616 Understanding Behavior oBehav or Wnat is behavior Wnat are the models of behavior 0A Learn ng Approach to Behav or How the environment plays a role in behavior oFuncl on 01 Behav or Why does behavior occur De ning Behavior Operal39 onally De ned Behav or concrete de nition can be observed can be measured quanti able Behav ors have D mens ans used in operational de nitions observable and measurable Dimensions of Behavior 6 ways to operat onally de ne frequency or rate how oftenhow many topography what does it look I ke locus whenwhere does it happen duration latency force or intensity Models of Behavior Bioph ical Model J Behavior is the result of chemical and gene ic conditions J Physiology 39 quot quot 39 39 39 J Disorders are manifestations of physiological aws JControl ofmaladaptive behavior is achieved by physiological means Esychggynamlc Mal JHuman behavior is the result ofmental states J Disorders are caused by pathological imbalances J Illness is the result of some unconscious motivation or underlying conllict JThe treatment consists of resolving the con ict Models of Behavior Psychodxnamic Model J Psychoanalytic JHuman behavior is the result ofmental states J Disorders are caused by pathological imbalances J Illness is the result of some unconscious motivation or underlying conllict JThe treatment consists of resolving the con ict quotI J Behavior is the result ofthought processes that arise 39om past 0 rvations or interactions with the environment J treatment consists ofchanging perceptions Models of Behavior Learning Model J Behavior is learned by watching or interacting with the environment J Based on two assump ions 1 the problem is the behavior itself 2 the behavior is a function of environmental events J Disord rs are thought to be learned reinforced behaviors J Intervention emphasizes controlling environmental antece ents quot L L 39 J Involves precise behavioral targeting de nition measurement and recording Environment Stimuli are the things that make up the environment An object or event that may or may not have an effect on behavior by operating on the senses or other modality The environment can be described by its effect on behavior neutral stimuli no predictable effects whether presented or withdrawn reinforcing stimuli Rt 0 associated with increase in behavior when gresented following that behavior The environment can be described by its effect on behavior aversive stimuli associated with decrease in behavior when presented following that avior discriminative stimuli special type of antecedent stimuli sets the occasion for behavior to occur quotSignalsquot The Environment Practice Mr Bullet gives steve a roclr every time he completes his work ore Over time Steve s work completion behaviozbecomes m equent In this case rocks appear to e an stimulus to steve Iamce dislikes her iend Marys Singing so ever time she hears Mary 5mg she takes a toy ofMarys and doesn t return it ever Over time Marys Singing behavior becomes less equent In this case Marys toys appear to be an s s to her The Environment Practice Edwardo regularly nips off teachers as they walk down the hall one day Principal W I 39 d 39d to give Edwardo suspension from school for every time he ips someone off In this case giving suspension is an t Edwardo In the future Edward ips the teacher off less often Now it appears that suspension appears to be an stimulus for Edwardo The Environment Practice Mr slate is annoyed that Fred often leaves work before the birdswhistle blows at the end of the day In response Mr slate 39 The Environment Practice Horace occasionally sneaks down to the refrigerator at night and drinks all the soda His wi e odena is worried about his waistline and wants him to stop She begins snugg1ing up close to him for the drinking the sodas Overtime Horace completely stops drinking soda In this case snugg1ing appears to be an to Horace The Environment and Behavior Practice Herby likes to eat but there are some foods that 39m sick At times he will eat non stop from 600 AM to midnight But Herby reads labels and when he sees sodium bendryoxy listed he will not eat that food I What is behavior of concern Can we predict when it might occur Why does it occur under these conditions PRACTICE Fritz acts bizarre when the radio or TV are on He typically screams and yells at the top of his lungs while pounding on his chest en w Hansen songs playing on the radio he attempts to force sharp objects into his ears I What is behavior of Concern Can we predict when it might occur Why does it occur under these conditions PRACHCE Brenda was grounded and knows that she s not supposed to be playing with her Barbi When she hears her mothers voice comin s e it under the e en s e ears er mother s voice moving away from her room she pulls the box back out and plays with Barbi I What is behavior of Concern Can we predict when it might occur I Why does it occur under these Conditions PRACHCE Willy likes to shake the hands of people In fact Willy likes to shake all kinds of things He shakes peoples hands as they walk past him in the mall he shakes tree branches he shakes mannequin arms and he s even shaken his own arm into 39 39 I What is behavior of Concern Can we predict when it might occur I Why does it occur under these Conditions UNDERSTANMNG FUNCHON The most common problem behaviors in school and in life serve a function to get something attention objects power selfstimulation 2 to esca e avoid somethin tasks embarrassment situations persons Functional Behavior Pathways Examples of Function in School GetZAccess Reinforcers I yell because others look at me I ght because others obey me I wander because people talk to me EscapeZAvoid Aversives I cry when work gets hard because someone will help me I hrow a book during math 39 will remove me 39om class I stand out ofthe way during PE because the other ame participants will avoid throwing me the What s the Problem What does the problem behavior look like and when is it likely observable and measurable concrete Conduct interviews archival recent reviews and DIISINIIHOI39IS acmss settings Determine what others have tried in the past I Create observable and measurable de nition of problem behavior What are the Predictors What types of actions or events antecedents typically precede instances of desired a undesired behavior What types of actions ors events consequences typically follow instances of desired and undesired behavior ABC Analysis Identify predictors of student behavior I Idantlfy actlons and events whlch precode and follow student hehavlar vla abscrvatlon I Idantlfy prodlctabla antacudant bahavlar consequence ABC halns I Consldur pradlctors that occur In anvlronmants other than the problem sottlng FBA via ABC The simplest methods involve existing data Talking Schoolwide Interviews Questionnaires 99quot Why d He Do That Develop a testable explanation of student behavior Develop hypothesis regardlng problem behavior sequences based on patterns noted in ABC Hypothesis should predict problem behavior Predictors antecedentsconsequences must be observable Testable Explanations vs Explanatory Fictions Frank names a oF h 5 co ors correct y when h 5 teacher 9 ves h m candy For each co or he names Frank names a oF h s penc 5 because he s a sch zophren cl Rob n 5 out oF her seat dur ng read ng t me because her ne ghbor ta ks to her Car cr es a morn ng when he rdes the bus to schoo Fr tz ye 5 because he doesn t ke math FBA Summary Student behav or s pred cted and re nForced by the env ronmentl We can use th s nFormat on to both prevent negat Va and promote pos tve behav or We can use th s nFormat on to effect ve y consequence both pos tve and negat ve be av or FBA s the rst step n deve op ng an


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