New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Carolyn Kalinowski


Carolyn Kalinowski
U of M

William Seyfried

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

First lecture notes for class ESCI 1006, covering some history of oceanography as well as enabling technologies.
William Seyfried
One Day of Notes
Oceanography, marine biology
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Earth Sciences

This 2 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Carolyn Kalinowski on Thursday September 4, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to a course at University of Minnesota taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 124 views.


Reviews for Oceanography.pdf


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/04/14
Oceanography September 4 2014 Lecture Notes 1 Scientific Revolutions amp Enabling Technologies 3 b C d 6 g h 139 k 1 Enabling Technologies make science possible Bycatchbykill not the target for hunters either caught or killed in the process of fishinghunting another organism i Ie Blobfish Bottom trawling form of net fishing that scrapes the ocean oor and damages habitats i 10 of what39s caught is the target 90 ends up as bycatch 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill i 11000000 gallons ii less than 10 was recovered iii used high pressure steam treatments to clean it up 1 this destroyed microbial ecosystems which could help with biodegradation Important training ground though BP oil spill 210000000 gallons Overfishing ie Fins of thresher sharks are cut off for soup i 40 million sharks are killed per year approximately numbers vary Chandeleur Islands barrier islands formed from the Mississippi delta i First line of defense from storm damage Wave refraction bending of waves controls how sediment moves Antarctica Ocean and southern oceans in general crazily intense ocean weather waters that surround it bristle with specially adapted plants and animals i Open space allows for the large waves Up welling cold dense water settles brining water that is nutrient rich to the top i Allows for the biodiversity Earth39s ocean area covers more than Earth39s land area Land is not evenly distributed between North and South hemispheres m Water is great because of it39s heat capacity Specific heat which allows it to store more heat vs II 0 19 q land which releases it quickly i San Francisco and England both are affected by currents that carry water of different temperatures San Francisco is colder due to a southern current from Alaska and England is warmer because of a warm current that travels north Supernova enormous exploding star i Red giant expanding stage ii The heat is so significant that it spews materials into space Stromatalite made of microbes and among the first sources of oxygen on Earth i Flat on their surfaces because of the erosion that the waves cause ii 35 billion years old Enabling technologies i Polynesian canoe ii William Harrison39s clock 3 1 Created a winding clock with gears that would be able to be used for sailors and helped with navigation Sounding determining the ocean39s depth at a certain point Oceanography 2 S t 11 V September 4 2014 Topographical ocean maps i Ocean 23 of Earth39s surface ii We only know about 3 of the ocean39s oor iii The ocean crust provides the most accurate record of the past 300 million years of earth39s history The paradigms of sea oor spreading and plate tectonics 1 Plate tectonics has revolutionized our understanding of our planet39s evolution a 300 million year cycle ROV remote operated vehicle i ason ii Hercules DSV Alvin Project FAMOUS first observation and mapping of the mid ocean ridge crest ROV ason tethered to a ship very slow can dive up to 6500m w VS Alvin slight speed dive up to 4500m can fit three people inside X y Z ABE autonomous benthis explorer sunken now Cable series of cables power operations most recent technology provide almost unlimited power for observations Ocean oor observatories future objective and possibility History of Oceanography 3 bl Focus on the Challenger Expedition i First modern oceanographic study done entirely to study the ocean ii Began in 1872 ended in 1876 iii First systematic plot of currents and temperatures in the ocean iv Created a map of the bottom deposits that has not been changed much according to more recent studies v An outline of the main contours of the ocean basins incorporating the discovery of Mid Atlantic Ridge and the then record 26900 ft Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench vi Discovered 715 new genera 4717 new species of ocean life forms vii 50 volumes of scientific data 1 Did sounding lines which involved ags every 25 ft meaning soundings had error of up to 25 ft as well as a weight that dropped when the line reached the bottom 2 Took temperature measurements as well less accurate Nansen Polar Exploration i Nansen built the Fram a ship that ice couldn39t crush so he could get to the North Pole The US has the same objective but had used a ship that was crushed by ice Pieces of the ship were found to have oated through the North Pole so his plan was to get a ship stuck in ice and have it ow through the same way ii Caught his ship in ice for 3 years iii Never actually made it to the North Pole iv While out there he found the Coriolis force a wind driven redirection of water current


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.