Intro to Social Psych Notes
Intro to Social Psych Notes PSYC 3430 - 03
University of Louisiana at Lafayette
Popular in Intro To Social Psych
Popular in Psychlogy
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Notetaker on Sunday March 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3430 - 03 at Tulane University taught by O'Brien, Laurie in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Intro To Social Psych in Psychlogy at Tulane University.
Reviews for Intro to Social Psych Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 03/13/16
Chapter 10 Deﬁning aggression • aggression ◦ Physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt someone • Hostile aggression ◦ Lash out bc you're angry; primary goal to hurt • Instrumental aggression ◦ Intend to hurt someone in the service of another goal ◦ Ex: terrorism Aggression as nature • Instinct theories ◦ Aggression is instinct ◦ Circular reasoning • Why is everyone aggressive? Bc it's instinctual • Genetics ◦ Personality and temperament ◦ Twin studies support a role of genetics • Biological factors ◦ Testosterone plays role ◦ But, testosterone inﬂuenced by situation ◦ Bidirectional relationship bt test and agg Violence around the world • Pp chart • Honor culture agrees aggression is justiﬁed in response to an insult Cultural differences • Aggression varies by culture ◦ Type of aggression ◦ Frequency ◦ Attitudes • Aggression varies by subculture ◦ Northern and southern us ◦ Culture honor • Pp Culture of honor (cohen) • Responding to insults ◦ Northern vs southern white men ◦ Pass confederate in hallway • Blocking most of aisle and bumped into participant and called them an asshole • Results ◦ Greater effect on southern ◦ Threatened masculinity ◦ Testosterone rises • Pp chart • Wanted to see how assertive the p's would act ◦ Walk down narrow hallway ◦ Had another man who was huge and walked straight down • Pp chart • Situational aggression • Pain t a e•H ◦ Pp chart • Provocation • Situational cues ◦ Weapons effect: the tendency of weapons to increase the likelihood of aggression by their mere presence • Frustration ◦ Blocking of expected goal ◦ Produces anger ◦ Sometimes aggression is displaced Is aggression learned? • The role of pos and neg reinforcement • When will punishment reduce aggressive behavior? ◦ Pun has to immediately follow agg behavior ◦ When it is strong enough to deter the aggressor ◦ When it is consistently applied and perceived as fair and legitimate When punishment backﬁres • When perceived as unfair, can provoke retaliation • Angry, hostile punishment provides a model of aggressive behavior • Corporal punishment ◦ Physical force intended to cause pain for the purpose of controlling a child's behavior Social learning theory • Behavior is learned through the observation of others as well as through direct experience of rewards and punishments • Bobo doll study (bandura) How media inﬂuences • Violent media increases aggression ◦ Affect size ◦ Children and adults ◦ Immediate and longterm • Mechanisms of inﬂuences ◦ Changes ppl's values and attitude ◦ Imitaiton ◦ Desensitization ◦ Cultiavtion Pornography • Nonaggressive vs aggressive pornography • Aggression and pornography study ◦ Male ss were provoked or not by female confederate ◦ Asked to watch one of 4 ﬁlms: • Neutral • Erotic e p a•R • Rape + sexually aroused female victim ◦ Male ss given opportunity to shock female confederate • Pp chart • Depicting sexual violence amongst women increases aggression of men Video games and aggresison • Meta analysis of 381 video games studies (130296 participants • As opposed to nonviolent video games, violent games: ◦ Increase arousal ◦ Increasse aggressive thinking ◦ Increase aggressive feelings ◦ Increase aggressive behaviors ◦ Decrease prosocial behaviors What should be done? • Violent tv, porn, movies, video games • All cause increase in aggression • What is the oslution Reducing aggression • Idea that venting will reduce future aggression is false; actually increase ◦ Catharsis hypothesis purposed by freud "let it out" • Punish aggression ◦ Negative consequences Effectively reducing aggresion • Cooperationi - reward it ◦ Rewards non aggressive behavior • Model peaceful behavior • Discourage excessive drinking • Apologize and encourage apologies • Reduce weapon access • Empathy On aggression • Intent is key ◦ Deﬁning aggression ◦ Determining reaction to aggression • Nature or nurture? ◦ Inﬂuenced by biology ◦ Taught ◦ Pp
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'