PSYC 3120 lecture 11 notes
PSYC 3120 lecture 11 notes PSYC 3120
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kennedy Finister on Sunday March 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3120 at Auburn University taught by Elizabeth Brestan Knight in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychlogy at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 03/13/16
Lecture 11 March 22, 2016 CHAPTER 11: Adolescence Physical and Cognitive development VIDEO NOTES Formal Operations v The stage at which people develop the ability to think abstractly • Piaget suggested people reach this stage at the start of adolescence (age 12) Meta-‐cognition v The knowledge that people have about their own thinking processes and their ability to monitor their cognition Adolescent Egocentrism v A state of self absorption in which the world is viewed as focused on oneself • Makes adolescents highly critical of authority figures such as parents and teachers, unwilling to accept criticism, and quick to fault with others’ behavior Imaginary Audience v An adolescent’s belief that his or her own behavior is a primary focus of others’ attentions and concerns Personal Fable v The view held by some adolescents hat what happens to them is unique exceptional and shared by no one else • May make them feel invulnerable to the risks that threaten others METACOGNITION • Self knowledge for your own thinking process • Leads to the ability to monitor your thinking process o Can track when they know something, committed it to memory o Help develop better study habits/study skills ADOLESCENT EGOCENTRISM • State of self absorption in which the world is viewed from one’s own point of view • Understand people have different points of view but they don’t necessarily care • Critical of authority figures • Unwilling to accept criticism • Quick to find others faults Lecture 11 March 22, 2016 IMAGINARY AUDIENCE • Always “onstage” • They think they are the focus of everybody’s attention o Everyone’s noticing and judging them o Embarrassment level o Sensitive o Can impact mental health PERSONAL FABLES • Think experiences are unique • “no one understands what I’m going through” BODY IMAGE • influenced by the media • puberty for girl starts two years earlier than boys (11-‐12) • Body image = conception of and attitude toward their physical appearance MATURATION FOR BOYS • early maturation o positive § helps in sports o negative § looking older leads to hanging out with older people. Can get kids into trouble (risk of delinquency) • Late maturation o Leads to low self esteem MATURATION FOR GIRLS • Early maturation o Mixed emotions o Gives them attention from boys and not all of them are ready for the social aspect (dating) • Late maturation o Leaner body o Higher self esteem SERIOUS EATING DISTURBANCES • Risk factors for eating disturbance o Girls who reach puberty early Lecture 11 March 22, 2016 o Girls who are dissatisfied with body image o Growing up in economically advantaged home o Cultural concern for weight and thinness • Anorexia Nervosa v Eating disturbance in which individuals (typical young girls) starve themselves because of a compulsive fear of getting fat o Extremely distorted body image o Being frail but seeing fat every time they look in the mirror o Self imposed diets o Only allowing themselves a certain amount of calories a day o Exercise o Excessively running/working out to make sure they’re constantly burning more calories than they intake o Affects 1 in every 50 teenage girls in the US o 17 years is the average age of this disorder o Malnutrition causes: o Self imposed diets (loss of 25-‐50% of their weight) o Menstrual irregularities § Lack of body fat causes your period to stop o Shrinking of the heart muscle o Kidney failure o 5% die from the disorder o Contributing factors o Cultural § In the US society body shames • If you’re not thin your ugly wont get attention from boys and others will look down on you • “thin is beautiful” o individual § perfectionist • trying to be the ideal girlfriend, son or daughter o family § problems related to adolescent autonomy o Media § Magazines, social media, commercials, stores all use thin models. Promote diet pills. Advertise how to get smaller with exercising in time for summer. How to slim down in a small time frame. Etc o Treatment o Individuals with anorexia will deny any problem o Hospitalization is often a first step o Malnutrition affects brain and cognitive functioning o Physical and mental therapy § Physical Lecture 11 March 22, 2016 • Meeting with a dietitian to get back on a healthy meal plan to gain the weight back § Mental • Classic therapy sessions to help them retrain their mentality of body image get them through depression if applicable o 30% of anorexics fully recover if treated o 30% also have bulimia • Bulimia v Eating disorder in which young people (mainly girls) engage in binge eating followed by deliberate vomiting, purging with laxatives and strict dieting • Features o When alone the individuals feel lonely, anxious and unhappy o Binge = consuming thousands of calories in 1 to 2 hours o Lack of control over eating o Vomiting erodes enamel on teeth o Damage to throat and stomach o More common than anorexia o 1-‐3% of teen girls are affected o 90% of individuals with bulimia are females o 5% have been previously anorexic • Treatment o Insight into eating habits makes treatment easier o Support groups o Nutrition education • Similarities between Bulimia and Anorexia o Misperception of body image and weight o Middle class background o Good school performance o Lack of self control in other areas • Differences between bulimia and anorexia o The individual with bulimia Is aware of their abnormal eating habits o Individuals with bulimia are able to maintain normal body weight
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