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PSYC 3120 lecture 11 notes

by: Kennedy Finister

PSYC 3120 lecture 11 notes PSYC 3120

Marketplace > Auburn University > Psychlogy > PSYC 3120 > PSYC 3120 lecture 11 notes
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CHAPTER 11: Adolescence Physical and Cognitive development formal operations eating disorders
Developmental Psychology
Elizabeth Brestan Knight
Class Notes
Psychology, developmental psychology, Life Span Development, psyc 3120, Auburn University
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kennedy Finister on Sunday March 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3120 at Auburn University taught by Elizabeth Brestan Knight in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychlogy at Auburn University.


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Date Created: 03/13/16
Lecture  11   March  22,  2016       CHAPTER  11:  Adolescence     Physical  and  Cognitive  development         VIDEO  NOTES   Formal  Operations   v The  stage  at  which  people  develop  the  ability  to  think  abstractly   • Piaget  suggested  people  reach  this  stage  at  the  start  of  adolescence  (age  12)   Meta-­‐cognition   v The  knowledge  that  people  have  about  their  own  thinking  processes  and   their  ability  to  monitor  their  cognition     Adolescent  Egocentrism   v A  state  of  self  absorption  in  which  the  world  is  viewed  as  focused  on  oneself   • Makes  adolescents  highly  critical  of  authority  figures  such  as  parents  and   teachers,  unwilling  to  accept  criticism,  and  quick  to  fault  with  others’   behavior   Imaginary  Audience   v An  adolescent’s  belief  that  his  or  her  own  behavior  is  a  primary  focus  of   others’  attentions  and  concerns   Personal  Fable   v The  view  held  by  some  adolescents  hat  what  happens  to  them  is  unique   exceptional  and  shared  by  no  one  else   • May  make  them  feel  invulnerable  to  the  risks  that  threaten  others       METACOGNITION   • Self  knowledge  for  your  own  thinking  process   • Leads  to  the  ability  to  monitor  your  thinking  process   o Can  track  when  they  know  something,  committed  it  to  memory     o Help  develop  better  study  habits/study  skills       ADOLESCENT  EGOCENTRISM     • State  of  self  absorption  in  which  the  world  is  viewed  from  one’s  own  point  of   view   • Understand  people  have  different  points  of  view  but  they  don’t  necessarily   care   • Critical  of  authority  figures   • Unwilling  to  accept  criticism   • Quick  to  find  others  faults         Lecture  11   March  22,  2016     IMAGINARY  AUDIENCE   • Always  “onstage”   • They  think  they  are  the  focus  of  everybody’s  attention   o Everyone’s  noticing  and  judging  them     o Embarrassment  level   o Sensitive   o Can  impact  mental  health       PERSONAL  FABLES     • Think  experiences  are  unique   • “no  one  understands  what  I’m  going  through”       BODY  IMAGE   • influenced  by  the  media   • puberty  for  girl  starts  two  years  earlier  than  boys  (11-­‐12)   • Body  image  =  conception  of  and  attitude  toward  their  physical  appearance       MATURATION  FOR  BOYS   • early  maturation     o positive     § helps  in  sports   o negative   § looking  older  leads  to  hanging  out  with  older  people.  Can  get   kids  into  trouble  (risk  of  delinquency)   • Late  maturation   o Leads  to  low  self  esteem         MATURATION  FOR  GIRLS   • Early  maturation   o Mixed  emotions   o Gives  them  attention  from  boys  and  not  all  of  them  are  ready  for  the   social  aspect  (dating)   • Late  maturation   o Leaner  body   o Higher  self  esteem         SERIOUS  EATING  DISTURBANCES   • Risk  factors  for  eating  disturbance   o Girls  who  reach  puberty  early   Lecture  11   March  22,  2016     o Girls  who  are  dissatisfied  with  body  image   o Growing  up  in  economically  advantaged  home   o Cultural  concern  for  weight  and  thinness   • Anorexia  Nervosa   v Eating  disturbance  in  which  individuals  (typical  young  girls)  starve   themselves  because  of  a  compulsive  fear  of  getting  fat   o Extremely  distorted  body  image   o Being  frail  but  seeing  fat  every  time  they  look  in  the  mirror   o Self  imposed  diets     o Only  allowing  themselves  a  certain  amount  of  calories  a  day   o Exercise   o Excessively  running/working  out  to  make  sure  they’re   constantly  burning  more  calories  than  they  intake     o Affects  1  in  every  50  teenage  girls  in  the  US   o 17  years  is  the  average  age  of  this  disorder   o Malnutrition  causes:     o Self  imposed  diets  (loss  of  25-­‐50%  of  their  weight)   o Menstrual  irregularities   § Lack  of  body  fat  causes  your  period  to  stop   o Shrinking  of  the  heart  muscle   o Kidney  failure   o 5%  die  from  the  disorder   o Contributing  factors   o Cultural   § In  the  US  society  body  shames   • If  you’re  not  thin  your  ugly  wont  get  attention   from  boys  and  others  will  look  down  on  you   • “thin  is  beautiful”   o individual   § perfectionist     • trying  to  be  the  ideal  girlfriend,  son  or  daughter     o family   § problems  related  to  adolescent  autonomy     o Media   § Magazines,  social  media,  commercials,  stores  all  use   thin  models.  Promote  diet  pills.  Advertise  how  to  get   smaller  with  exercising  in  time  for  summer.  How  to  slim   down  in  a  small  time  frame.  Etc   o Treatment   o Individuals  with  anorexia  will  deny  any  problem   o Hospitalization  is  often  a  first  step   o Malnutrition  affects  brain  and  cognitive  functioning   o Physical  and  mental  therapy   § Physical   Lecture  11   March  22,  2016     • Meeting  with  a  dietitian  to  get  back  on  a  healthy   meal  plan  to  gain  the  weight  back   § Mental   • Classic  therapy  sessions  to  help  them  retrain   their  mentality  of  body  image  get  them  through   depression    if  applicable   o 30%  of  anorexics  fully  recover  if  treated   o 30%  also  have  bulimia   • Bulimia   v Eating  disorder  in  which  young  people  (mainly  girls)  engage  in  binge   eating  followed  by  deliberate  vomiting,  purging  with  laxatives  and   strict  dieting     • Features   o When  alone  the  individuals  feel  lonely,  anxious  and  unhappy   o Binge  =  consuming  thousands  of  calories  in  1  to  2  hours   o Lack  of  control  over  eating   o Vomiting  erodes  enamel  on  teeth   o Damage  to  throat  and  stomach   o More  common  than  anorexia   o 1-­‐3%  of  teen  girls  are  affected     o 90%  of  individuals  with  bulimia  are  females   o 5%  have  been  previously  anorexic   • Treatment   o Insight  into  eating  habits  makes  treatment  easier     o Support  groups   o Nutrition  education     • Similarities  between  Bulimia  and  Anorexia   o Misperception  of  body  image  and  weight     o Middle  class  background   o Good  school  performance   o Lack  of  self  control  in  other  areas   • Differences  between  bulimia  and  anorexia   o The  individual  with  bulimia  Is  aware  of  their  abnormal  eating  habits   o Individuals  with  bulimia  are  able  to  maintain  normal  body  weight        


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