HIST 1020 (Donna Bohanan) March 7-11, 2016
HIST 1020 (Donna Bohanan) March 7-11, 2016 HIST 1020
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Gabrielle Ingros on Sunday March 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1020 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Donna Bohanan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 105 views. For similar materials see World History II in History at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 03/13/16
March 711, 2016 HIST 1020 (Spring 2016) World History II Dr. Bohanan WORLD WAR II CONTINUED Almost all big events in the 20 century had ties to WWII. By 1940, Hitler dominated the continent of Europe (excluding Britain). The United States was trying to stick to their policy of isolationism (a policy of remaining apart from the affairs or interests of other groups, especially the political affairs of other countries), however President Roosevelt was sending supplies to Britain for months before actually joining the war. June 1941 – Germany attacked the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics [aka Russia]), and Stalin was not prepared because he ignored all the warning signs Britain provided him. After the first attack Stalin was very demoralized. Words cannot describe the magnitude of the Eastern Front. o Germany led a force of 3 million men into Russia, and Russia began to collapse with huge numbers of casualties. o December 1941 – the Germans were on Moscow, Russia’s doorstep. Stalin finally composed himself. He moved his western citizens far west and packed up/moved factories to the east. Still, in Leningrad, the Germans laid siege for 16 months. 3 million Russians starved to death. The Russians needed an act from God, and that is exactly what they got. o The worst recorded winter in the past 140 years set in. Temperatures down to 60 degrees were reached, and the Germans were not prepared whatsoever. However, the Russians were very used to this weather; so Stalin set forth on a counterattack. Battle of Stalingrad – (1942) this was the single largest battle in world history and the worst battle in human history, it was fought in Stalingrad, Russia o After months of fighting, the Stalin and the Russians were finally able to push the German army back. After this war, Stalin joined Britain and the United States in the war effort. o Grand Alliance: Russia, Britain, and the United States o The plan was to pinch Hitler and squeeze him back into Germany. Operation Overlord (DDay): on June 6, 1944 British, American, and Canadian troops landed on the coast of Normandy, France to take on the Germans, this was an airborne assault followed by an amphibious assault o On day one, 90,000 troops made in ashore. By the end of it, over 2 million troops had made it ashore. The trek over was awful. Soldiers were crammed in small boats and rafts, and once they made it to the shore they had to storm the beach with all their heavy equipment while being shot at by German troops. Although this was an emotional assault, it was very successful. March 711, 2016 Within months the allies had liberated France, however, Germany was not giving up that easy. The Germans launched a counteroffense. o Battle of the Bulge – (1944) German attack on the Western Front to try and catch the allies off guard, the Americans suffered many causalities o However, at the same time the Russians stormed across Eastern Europe. From 19421945, the allied forces dropped bombs on German cities to try and destroy the German will to fight. There was so much destruction and so many lost lives that German officers began to turn on Hitler. A failed assassination attempt proved that Hitler no longer had complete control. The worst of the bombings was in Dresden. It is estimated that 50 100 thousand people died in just a few days. WAR IN THE PACIFIC This war was fought between the Western Allies and the Japanese. It was sparked by the fact that, one, Japan occupied many countries and, two, the United States quit trading with Japan. In retaliation, the Japanese attacked the United States. o Pearl Harbor – (December 7, 1941) Japanese planes attacked the United States Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, the bombing killed more than 2,300 Americans (this was an awful side of WWII, many people would have rather fought Hitler than the Japanese) The American’s new plan was to defeat Hitler then destroy Japan. Thus, the object was to hold the Japanese off just long enough until they could punish them. When the time came, the Americans dropped firebombs on major Japanese cities, but the Japanese refused to stand down. The Americans were forced to take drastic measures. o The Atomic Bomb – the Americans, with the help of German scientists, were able to create the Atomic Bomb, they knew how devastating it was and they decided to drop it on the Japanese Nagasaki and Hiroshima – the locations that the Atomic Bombs devastated, many Japanese died and finally Japan surrendered a few days later Loss of life – there were many, many lives lost throughout the course of WWII o Over 50 million people died during WWII (example: Russia lost 20 million and China lost 15 million) The economic effect devastated many countries, however, the United States’ economy actually thrived in prosperity and growth. o By 1950, the Germans and Japanese were back on their feet. Many people were misplaced during the war as well. The prisoners of war and other citizens had nowhere to go. On the other hand, the war led to many advances in technology. March 711, 2016 Lastly, colonial empires were dismantled giving some countries a little more freedom. Although not all countries were given freedom, they would eventually break free in the following years.
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