CRM notes 3/11
CRM notes 3/11 ANTH 2833
Arkansas Tech University
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Autumn Stewart on Sunday March 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 2833 at Arkansas Tech University taught by Dr. Rebecca Wiewel in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Cultural Resource Management in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Arkansas Tech University.
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Date Created: 03/13/16
CRM notes week 3/11 Section 7 Civil Penalties -often larger than criminal ones, and don't have to show criminal intent -calculated based on archaeological or commercial value of resources involved Damage Assessment -current approach: estimate what a professional excavation, anaylysis, and storage of artifacts would cost Other Provisions -rewards for information leading to convictions -feds can confiscate all equipment involved in ARPA violations, including vehicles (ARPA= arcahaeological resource protection act) -Gov't allowed to keep location of archaeological sites secret -1988 amendment directs federal agencies to inventory public lands and establish public education programs Practical and Ethical Issues -law enforcement officials needed -report, don't approach -don't screw up crime scene -some attorneys don't want to prosecute American Indian Facts and Figures American Indians today... -population of 2.5 million in U.S. -566 federally recognized tribes -310 reservations (278 administered as federal indian reservations) -land holdings vary widely -56 million acres total in BIA reservation and trust lands 1 -Navajo have about 15 million acres, Quapaw have 10(not 10 million just 10) U.S Policy towards Indians -Constitution: Article 1, section 8, clause 3 -tribal sovereignty -dealing with tribes is federal responsibility -for CRM this means consultation is a government to government process 19th Century Policies -removal -treaties and reservation system (1853-1871) -treaties: legal documents that recognize -trust relationship -tribal governments -reserved rights -canon of construction Policy Today -self-determination era (1961-present) -tribes encouraged to take over functions of BIA on reservations -key principles -tribes possess power of self-government and are dependent foreign nations, but members are U.S. citizens -lots of different forms of tribal government -no standard answer for an issue will fit all tribes -tribal conservation necessary! 2
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