New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Rodrick Skiles

IntroductiontoTheatreandDrama THEA104

Marketplace > University of Delaware > Theatre > THEA104 > IntroductiontoTheatreandDrama
Rodrick Skiles
GPA 3.5


Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Theatre

This 14 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rodrick Skiles on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to THEA104 at University of Delaware taught by AllanCarlsen in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 61 views. For similar materials see /class/207112/thea104-university-of-delaware in Theatre at University of Delaware.


Reviews for IntroductiontoTheatreandDrama


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/19/15
9122011 115700 PM THEA 104 NOTES 0 In one work what is theater 0 Shakespeare 0 Performance 0 Live 0 Acting 0 Entertainment 0 Art 0 Expression 0 Story telling 0 Rule 1 we perfbrm a1 0ft11e tIme o Thea trum Mundi 0 Rule 239mean1ng comes gesture o Gesture physical events I Speech song expression movement motions textures clothes or anything that the body does or can inhabit 0 We interpret gestures and project meaning on them 0 Good actors know which gestures to do that will get the right audience response Rule 3 39 humans are meanmg makmg ma enmes Elephant and mouse trick is live The tempest is about 0 A magician and his daughter Mediated entertainment vs Live interaction Theater 0 Creativity 0 Collaboration 0 Critical thinking Theater as an Art 0 Modernity and mediated entertainment are recent historical events I Collective vs Community 0 Theatre needs only three things I Performers I Audience I Story Theatre Conventions 0 Rule 4 tlJea tre belia V65 according to particular rules called conventions o The Willing Suspensions of Disbelief The fourth wall 0 Aesthetic distance and breaking the fourth wall I Verfremdungseffekt the alienation or distancing effect I Associated with Bertolt Brecht o Presentational vs Representational I Presentational I Recognizing addressing the audience during the production I Audience is part of the show I Representational I Representing a real world separate from the audience I Like peeping through a window 0 Lighting 0 Conventions are the rules by which the audience and the actors play the game of theatre like curtain calls turning off cell phones 0 Conventions combine with gestures to make the backbone of the theatrical experience 0 THEATRE DOES NOT HAPPEN IN THE MIND OF THE AUDIENCE OR UP ON THE STAGE BUT SOMEWHERE IN BETWEEN o Mediated entertainment constrains the spectator 0 Theatre involves the audience which is why a show is not the same every time nor is the same with a different audience Dramatic structure 1 Introduction 2 Inciting Incident 3 Rising Action i Needs to escalate 4 Crisis i Critical point ii Situation HAS to change iii Should be as close as possible to 5 Climax i Tension vs stress ii Sexytasty vs scaryproblematic 6 Resolution The six genres of theatre o How we experience or are meant to experience the story 0 What feeling does the playwright want to get across 0 How does the play make you feel 1 Tragedy We are born to die 0 Cathartic feelings of pits and fear balanced 0 Something bad happens and it is owned by the person who does it o Selfrevelation or epiphany 2 Melodrama oh Woe is me 0 Same as tragedy but things get accounted for outside of the self 0 With good vs bad 0 Lawaiid Order sometimes a good ending sometimes a bad ending 3 Comedy We will survive o Laughter is the byproduct not the purpose 0 High comedy of manners 0 Domestic a lot of TV shows Friends King of Queens 0 Low dirty 4 Farce We will rebel o Unbelievable things happen cartoonish 0 Dreams and zaniness no need to explain 5 Tragic comedy Hope Springs Eternal 203911 C 0 Positive or negative depends on perspective 0 Waiting fbr Godot does it reveal hope or fear 6 Romance It s a Wonderful Life 0 Serious stories BUT with a remarkable transformation or redemption o A Christmas Carol Groundhog Day It s a Wonder ll Life The Complete History of Theatre 0 Greeks and Romans 0 Spotlight on Aristotle Simple Structure 0 Aristotle 0 384322 BCE I greatest thinkerwriter of antiquity I Poet Dante called him Master of Those Who Know I The man of the golden mean 0 Poetics analyzes the ideal form of plays 0 Notice that poetry refers to the theatrical because 0 The Three Unities 1 Action 2 Time 3 Place Aristotle and Poetics Why 1 0 Primary purpose of theatre is please and the greatest pleasure is learning Six elements of theatre Plotstory most important Characters the agents of action Thought ideas themes Diction word choice word order Music cadence of words poetic delivery Spectacle ashy special effects Oedipus Rex O O O O O O O Antigone O O O O O O Oedipus Creon Teiresias J ocasta Messenger Sheperd Chorus Antigone Creon Teiresias Haemon Eurydice Polyneices Eteocles William Shakespeare 154 sonnets most likely raised Catholic or with Catholic sympathies married and older women whom he had gotten pregnant 1590 moves to London Queen Elizabeth and James I both enjoyed his playsh 9122011 115700 PM Theatre Etiquette o No cell phones The Bard collection of Shakespeare s works 0 William Shakespeare o Bardolotry Excessive admiration of Shakespeare 0 He was not of an age but for all of time Something about the man and the mystique Something about the people who teach theatre and English Something about the characters 0 O O 0 Something about the stories I Whether comedy tragedy history or romance they all have a lasting impact Restoration and Enlightenment Contexts o 18 C English Civil War and the Commonwealth Charles Iremoved by Puritans and beheaded also known as the interregnum period because of the loss of rule 0 Charles II comes back from France in 1660 to assume the monarchy and thus the restoration 16601700 0 18C Europe a more complex even more connected world Early 19th Century and Theatre Theory 0 Coleridge and the willing suspension of disbelief 0 Johann Wolfgang von Geothe 17491832 0 Playwright director and critic o Goethe s Three Questions for Aesthetics I What was the artist trying to do I Did he succeed I Was it worth the doing 19th Century Contexts o The Advent of Modernity o Explosive scienti c technological and organizational growth 0 Increased mobility and circulationof objects people and information9telegraph printing press 0 Mobility is extremely important in a nonmediated age 0 Movement away from the Cottage Industry with the Industrial Revolution and growth of Global Capitalism movement from rural to urban 0 Loss of cultural continuity and gain of selfconception of being modern from communal to collective to individual selfre exive awareness 0 Rise of scienti c positivism philosophical materialism psychology and professionalism Consequences of Contexts o Modernity and the Arts 0 Final shift from the supernatural or spiritual to the scienti c or humanistic 0 Rise of realism fourth wall determinism and psychological realism 0 Themes 0 Alienation individualism either by the gun or by the sword we all die the same way 0 Dramatic irony o Subtext subtext subtext 0 Post modern and the death of realism o Modernism with an attitude problemsense of humor 0 Horrified and borderline complacent but dealing with it through snarkiness 0 Best example 9 John Stewart and the Daily Show Realist Dramatics 0 Anton Chekhov 18601904 0 Russian 0 7716 Seagull I Konstantin I Trigorin I Dr Dom I Medvedenko I Ily I Arkadia youth I Nina wants to be famous I Masha I Polina The Threepenny Opera 0 Bertolt Brecht with music by Kurt Weill o Distancing or alienation Effect working against the willing suspension of disbelief 0 Wanted audiences not to be complacent but to think or be aware of what they are seeing I Threepennyends up with a near hanging followed by a pardon I Part of Brecht s critique of modern life capitalism and class con ict o Reinterprets the 18111 English satire by John Gay called YlieBegger 5 Opera Satire distinction between forming content something off Music directly deals with who we are Hie Little F axes o Lillian Hellman 19051984 0 Ylie Little F 0Xes 1939 Hie Little F axes and the Who of Theatre 0 Playwright 0 From the word wrou t or built 0 Playwrite is wrong 0 The seminal artist of a play 0 Producer 0 Person with the money andor business sense and or a venue 0 Director 0 Person with the vision 0 Person who is the playwright s advocate o Designers 0 People who bring the Director s vision to life Absurdism 0 Albert Camus s Mytli ofSiszius 1942 0 Problem with rejection of tragedy is that we are born to die is still true 0 Life is absurd I Life cannot be fathomed sciences explains how but not the why I Death is inevitable I There is no god 0 Most people are idiots because they ignore absurdity o Is life worth living 0 Life has no worth of its own it s absurd 0 To live despite life s absurdity 0 To look death in the face and without hope continue to strive o Absurd hero and Sisyphus myth o Zeitgeist spirit of the age 0 Samuel Beckett 19061989 0 Irish wrote in English and French 0 Noble Prize in 1969 0 Waiting fbr Godot subtitles a tragicomedy in 2 acts they give birth astride of a grave the light gleams an instance then it s night once more American Modernism 0 Arthur Miller 19152005 0 Teth I All mySons 1947 I DeatlI of a Salesman 1949 I Willy Loman I Biff Loman I Happy Loman I Linda Loman I Family structures in con ict I Critique of American dream I Misplaced values and selfdeception I Alienation and selfalienation I Ylie Crucible 1953 I A View orn tlie Bridge 1955 0 Tennessee Williams 0 Teth I Ylie Glass Menagerie I A Streetcar Named Desire I Cat on a Hot Yin Roof 0 Southern gothic I Set in the south or with southern cultural in uences I Dramatic irony strange awkward events hauntings 0 David Mamet 0 Teth I American Buffalo I Glengarr y Glen Ross 9122011 115700 PM Neil Patrick Harris 0 It s just not for Gays Anymore 0 Dr Horrible s SingAlong 310g 0 The post modern musical should be only performed online 0 Dr Horrible doesn t seem to get that he will never win over his love interest What is the difference between a trick illusion and magic Perception and the Brain 0 Humans are hardwired to be deceived Magic amp theatre whatever happens in theatre both occur somewhere in between 0 EX not on stage or in the audience but somewhere in between Magic is theatrical from the magician s point of view but is highly presentational and potentially confrontational from the audience s point of view 0 The magician is an actor playing the part of a good magician The lesson behind magic is that we don t know everything and the problem with the audience is that they are not comfortable with that History of Musicals 0 Music as culture has always been around 0 Part of Greek theatre 0 Part of Medieval theatre the religious aspects 0 Part of Renaissance inside ofplays and between plays I Masks and their connection to modern musicals 0 Part of 18111 Century Gay s Beggar 5 Opera 0 Opera 1500s 0 Don Giovanni by Mozart 1787 libretto by Lorenzo Da Ponte I Libretto language words used story that connects things I Few operas that open with rape and murder I Leproello Don Diovanni s servant I Statue ghost comes to torment and drag Don Giovanni down to hell Operetta o The opera gone even more socialless formal Deals with similar themes but without the same urgency Social commentary but still funny forces you to think William Schwenck Gilbert 18361911 Arthur Sullivan 18421900 Musicals Humor Hated each other but created 14 Comedic operas of which the most well known are 0 HMS Pinafbre o 7716 Pirates ofPenzance o 7716 Mkado Pirates of Penzance o with catlike tread o a loud song and dance routine about how one should be quiet Greeks and music and poetry Middle Ages and the Church American and Musical 0 America s greatest contribution to the theatrical arts Problem with analyzing humor is that is removes the funny Why do we laugh Might not know why but we know fake laughter when we see it Freud laughter is the escape of energy that our unconscious minds have repressed from our conscious minds because we are not supposed to take pleasure in it o Jokes like dreams condense and displace things Vaudeville and the Beginnings of Broadway From the 193911 century traditional of regional small performances that led to touring acts and the rise of popular entertainment Multiple types of performers including songs as well as jugglers freaks minstrels dancers athletic demonstrators magicians and booze Weird social attitude about vaudeville not a respectable form of entertainment Music hall vs vaudeville Vaudeville is extremely American tradition 0 Diversity of immigrant abilities and cultures 0 Racial stereotypes and humor 0 Political correctness culture identity politics and being able to laugh Today we call these variety shows or talent shows Today s TV talk shows are about as close as we get to the concept of vaudeville today Early Broadway shows were basically a variety act with a plot that created athread connecting the various songs Broadway the American Musical Florenz Flo Ziefelf 0 18671923 o Impresario Extraordinaire I PT Barnum 18101892 I Zeigfeld Follies 19071931 Sketches costumes music dance and tableau vivant o 0 Women on stage called Ziegfeld Girls I Racy but not dirty beautiful but not pornographic o Bookends of early Broadway from the Follies to SbOWBoat o EugenSandow 0 George M Cohan o Bert Williams 0 18741922 born in the Bahamas Minstrel entertainment at the heart of American comedy 0 o Considered himself a clown in the intemational tradition of mime and physical comedy I Traveled the world as part of an African American musical comedy troupe I Fascinated by the differences in racial treatment abroad and in America 0 Goes solo with the Zeigfeld Follies causing a huge stir I Nobody are you supposed to laugh or cry I I m neutral social commentary on WWI getting along America as a place where people should get along no matter what their nationality or race 0 WC Fields 0 Irving Berlin 0 Fanny Brice Development of American Musical Theatre SbOWBoat 0 New York 1927ampLondon 1928 Jerome Kern and Oscar Hammerstein II Adapted from the 1926 novel by Edna Ferber American centered Story driven rather than spectacle driven o No longer operetta or light opera 0 Serious and fun rather than just silly o Epic coverage 20 years Oklahoma 0 Race relations and miscegenation o Metatheatre musical about success in a musical career I Or g meta on something I Lionel Abel I Hamlet s or Taming of the Shrew play within a play New York 1943 Ran for 2214 performances Adaptation of Lynn Rigg s play Green Grow tlie Liiaes First musical done by Richard Rogers and Oscar Hammerstein II o Carousel 0 South Paeifie o Hie King and I o Hie Sound ofMusie Unabashed patriotism and quintessential American musical Young America as a place in con ict serious musical 90 of tnea tre investments lose their money What kinds of theatre are there Musical theatre Nonpro t Commercial Community Amateur Children s Professional Broadway Off Broadway Off o Broadway Touring companies Theme parks Cruises Academic Four ways theatre is produced Commercial enterprise 0 Investors angels keep making money from shows Not for pro t or 501 C3 Started outside of New York to produce less popular plays Asked for donations O O O No taxes accept charity no investors o LORT formed in 1960 What makes the American Musical American 0 Beginning of the American musical was Showboat 1 Manifest Destiny a driving force the American Spirit 2 The Melting Pot 3 The American assembly line approach The Musical Creative Team 0 Lyricist writes the words 0 Orchestrator puts music to the orchestra 0 Composer writes the music 0 Book writer writes the story 0 Musical director controls the orchestra and teaches the music 0 Choreographer movement of bodies on stage Notices 019quot o Farce 0 Type of play that uses improbable situations physical humor and word play 0 A great genre when people need to escape 0 Does it have depth or character arc I Satire vs Farce o Farce within a Farce I Metatheatre or go meta on something D Lionel Abel D Hamlet s or Taming oft1e SbreWplay within a play Musical Theatre 0 West Side Story 0 Music by Leonard Bernstein Lyrics by Steven Sondheim Book by Arthur Larents Choreography by J erone Robbins Adaptation of Shakespeare s Romeo and Juliet in 1950s New York Premiered on Broadway in 1957 Movie version came out in 1961 O O O O O O O Sharks and Jets are both part of a counterculture I Star crossed lovers Tony and Maria 0 Grease 0 Jim Jacobs and Warren Casey 0 Originally staged as a play called Greased ngtem39ng in 1971 o Opened off Broadway in 1972 then moved to Broadway Longest run in Broadway history at the time 3338 shows 0 Greaser culture ofthe 1950s 0 Biggest moneymaking movie musical 0 Rent 0 Music and lyrics by Jonathan Larson 0 Larson died before the premiere 1996 o Suffering artists and social commentary on gender sexuality and AIDS So what 0 Desire for connection 0 Unmediated entertainment 0 The energy of live theatre and the draw of the metatheatrical 0 Major thematic of community con ict how they are made and maintained and almost always fragmented 0 Major thematic of individuals looking for connections 0 Humans are meaning making machines 0 Desire to tell stories 0 Desire to tell the same stories transformed for the time period


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.