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Psychology 312 Week Eight Notes

by: Kristen Sturgeon

Psychology 312 Week Eight Notes 312

Marketplace > University of Louisiana at Lafayette > Psychlogy > 312 > Psychology 312 Week Eight Notes
Kristen Sturgeon
University of Louisiana at Lafayette

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About this Document

These notes are from after the break on March 3, 2016, after our test. It stops halfway through the "Family Influences and Parenting" powerpoint and will be completed in the notes from March 10, 20...
Adolescent Psychology
Valenne MacGyvers
Class Notes
Psychology, MacGyvers, adolescence
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kristen Sturgeon on Sunday March 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 312 at University of Louisiana at Lafayette taught by Valenne MacGyvers in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Adolescent Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.

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Date Created: 03/13/16
WEEK EIGHT MARCH 3, 2016 Family Influences and Parenting The Family in an Historical Context Single parents 160 years ago  Used to be fathers, mothers tended to die in childbirth  Mostly single due to death Single parents today  Mothers o Divorce, more likely to be awarded custody  o Freud began a strong bias toward mother preference o Many never married (70% African American babies born to never married  mothers) Working outside the home  150 years ago, everyone worked at home  Industrial revolution moved fathers out of home business into factories. Circa 1890  WWII forced women out of home into work world. Many stayed there.  Issue is not so much working outside the home, but who is watching the children 1 | P a g e WEEK EIGHT MARCH 3, 2016  African American women always worked outside the home Grandparents  Used to live in extended family groupings  Used to participate in child rearing  Today, live apart from children. May not act as babysitter very often. Longer period of dependency  Children stay dependent on parents for 18 to 25 years  Some return to dependency after failed marriages or jobs Extra­familial daycare  Kin care in relative home  Home daycare o Problematic as unregulated, higher risk of abuse o May be cheaper or more convenient o Facility care o Issues of sick children o Poorly trained workers 2 | P a g e WEEK EIGHT MARCH 3, 2016 o More expensive for good quality care Loss of community  Anonymity in community  Air conditioning  Television  Right to privacy Family Systems Open Families  Warm, welcoming  Discussing problems  Mutually supportive Closed families  Hide from public views  Ignore, deny problems  Poor communication 3 | P a g e WEEK EIGHT MARCH 3, 2016  Co­dependency Characterizing Family Relationships Moms and Dads  Moms more didactic, steady levels of arousal  Dads more rough and tumble, no objects  Dads more intimidating­low voice  Moms tend to accelerate speech when upset Siblings  Good and bad relationship  Competition vs. Cooperation set by parents Parents and Parenting Diana Baumrind did home observations and school observations of children She identified two main determinants of parenting style  Parental Control, the degree to which a parent insists on mature behavior from the child 4 | P a g e WEEK EIGHT MARCH 3, 2016  Parental support and warmth; the degree to which a parent listens to, affirms and  encourages the child Together with work by other researchers, we now have four parenting styles Authoritative Parents Clear standards that are explained Firm enforcement Encourage independence and individuality Encourage open communication Live by principles, and children learn by observing Proactive Their Children Mastery­oriented, persistent, challenge seeking Socially responsible, friendly, nurturing, leaders Self­Controlled, independent, set goals, follow through, confident Good sense of self, not easily influenced by others, high self­esteem Believe punishment is fair and warranted 5 | P a g e WEEK EIGHT MARCH 3, 2016 Authoritarian Parents Absolute set of standards, enforced not taught Punitive sanctions Does not encourage verbal give and take Encourages conformity Their Children Moderate Mastery­Orientation, less persistent, less curious Socially withdrawn, easily dominated by peers, less developed moral conscience Lower self­control, less resistant to temptation, lower initiative, only conform to rules when they  can get “caught” Lower self­esteem Girls more inhibited than boys Permissive Indulgent Parents Non­punitive, accepting manner—no behavior is bad or wrong, parent is a resource No clear rules, avoid giving directives, avoid conflict with the child, few demands for mature  behavior Child is seen as self­regulating and self­directing. This is thought to foster independence. 6 | P a g e WEEK EIGHT MARCH 3, 2016 Their Children Immature, impulsive, non­compliant Challenge avoidant, low achievement motivation—helpless style, ineffective problems solvers Low in Social responsibility, tend to bully others (esp. boys), not cooperative with others, under­ controlled selfish Low in self­control, cannot set goals, tend to be dependent, aimless, are not self­reliant Very low self­esteem 7 | P a g e


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