Pysc-100 (Week 3/7-3/15)Notes
Pysc-100 (Week 3/7-3/15)Notes PSYC 100
Popular in Introduction to Psychology
Popular in Psychlogy
verified elite notetaker
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michael Wang on Sunday March 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 100 at University of Southern California taught by Ann Renken in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 47 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Southern California.
Reviews for Pysc-100 (Week 3/7-3/15)Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 03/13/16
2/22/16 Stress: Stress is usually tested subjectively. (Asking “How stressed are you?” Doesn't get optimum results0 Scientists use stressors as an indicator or index value measurement for testing stress: 1. Major Life Events: a.) Social Readjustment Rating Scale (Holmes Scale) b.) Common Daily Events c.) Positive and Negative Results 2.) Daily Hassles and Uplifts 3.) Major Life Events vs Daily Hassles i.) Both predict Illness ii.) Hassles have an additive effect (1) Biggest Risks From (a) Negative Events that are Uncontrollable (b) Positive Events: Having too many positive events at a fast rate can also lead to a stressful and disappointed state. Not enough just to ask. 4.) Individual Difference in the Stress Response: a.) Social vs Isolation i.) “Tend and Befriend” Response: (Most common in Women) (1) Women tend to try to take care of others as a therapy for crisis, and they typically fare better than men. (2) Socializing, reaching out, emotional engagement is aided by the release of oxytocin (comfort hormone) ii.) Two Types of Social Response to “Fight or Flight” (1) Social Support (Women) (2) Isolation (Men) iii.) “Coping” Response: (1) ProblemFocused “What can I do to fix this?” (2) Activelycoping, energized, not stressed (3) Solving the problem at hand (4) High Energy State, but cannot always be in that state. (a) Ex: Cancer, or problem that’ can’t always be solved. iv.) “EmotionFocused” Response (“What can I do to feel better?”) (1) Distractionkeeping yourself busy to take mind off the issue (Procrastination) (2) Emotional DisclosureTalking about bad memory, initially traumatizing but gradually gets better in the long run. (3) Praying for guidance (4) Meditation/Mindfulness (5) Alcohols/ Drugs Numbing of emotions (6) Journaling Writing a gratitude diary,being helpful (7) Cognitive Reappraisalchanging the way we are thinking (8) Negative Thoughts/emotions Suppressing/Scheduling time. b.) Psychological Hardiness i.) Challenge (Perspective) ii.) Commit (Focus) iii.) Control (Internal/External) c.) Stress is not the Enemy! i.) “Believing that stress is bad for you, makes it bad for you” ii.) Different Beliefs on Stress (Interpretations) (1) High Stress + Belief that Stress Kills You > Leads to Higher risks of death related to stress induced diseases. (2) High Stress + NonBelief that Stress Kills You> Leads to Lower risks of deaths related to stress induced diseases. d.) Behaviors associated to Resilience to Stress i.) Aerobic Exercise Neurogenesis Creating/Healing of Mind/Brain ii.) Mindfulness or LovingKindness Meditation (Socialising) iii.) Mood Boosters Laughter, Enjoying Music, Dancing iv.) Massage e.) Han Selye's’ General Adaptation Syndrome Hypothalamus Pituitary Adrenal Axis (HPA Axis) (Order of Events) 1. Stressful Event 2. Various Brain Areas 3. Hypothalamus 4. Pituitary Gland 5. Adrenal Gland Corticotropin Releasing Hormones (CRH) Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) **Releases Cortisol **Also releases epinephrine > Elevates blood pressure. 1. Cortisol “The Stress Hormone” a. Glucocorticoid (Steroid) b. Receptors on every Cell c. Effects: i. Increase glucose production in liver ii. Breaks down fat for every production (However this is not good in the long run, as the process actually makes the body store even more fat in the body) iii. Immunosuppression (Also Antiinflammatory) 2. Beneficial Roles of Daily Fluctuations in Cortisol. a. Morning Peak: Energizing > Coffee not necessary in morning b. “Early Bird” Types generally have higher cortisol levels in the morning, this is genetically influenced c. More Glucose for Brain d. Stimulates Hippocampus, amygdala impairment. 3. Harmful Effects of Cortisol Elevation: a. Neuronal Death b. Hippocampus shrinks, fever dendrites c. Disrupts Sleep d. Depression > Clinically Diagnosed e. Related to PostTramatic Stress Disorder 4. Sleep Disorders: a. Insomnia may be caused by increasing cortisol levels at night. b. Somnambulism or sleepwalking > Happens in deep sleep. c. R.E.M Behavior Disorder: No muscle paralysis when in REM stage. Mostly aggressive behavior. d. Sleep Paralysis: Conscious and muscle paralyzed when awoke. There could also be a feeling of being watched or pressure on chest. Classical Learning Association Classical Learning Association Between Stimulus: Sounds Sight Smell 1. Ivan Pavlov Forefounder with Dog Experiment. A. unconditioned stimulus (UCS) in classical conditioning, a stimulus that automatically elicits a particular unconditoned response B. unconditioned response (UCR) in classical conditioning, an unlearned, automatic response to a particular unconditioned stimulus C. conditioned stimulus (CS) in classical conditioning, a neutral stimulus that comes to elicit a particular conditioned response after being paired with a particular unconditioned stimulus that already elicits that response D. conditioned response (CR) in classical conditioning, the learned response given to a particular conditioned stimulus
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'