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Intro into Sociology: Chapter 10

by: Taylor O'Toole

Intro into Sociology: Chapter 10 SOC1010-002

Marketplace > University of Toledo > Sociology > SOC1010-002 > Intro into Sociology Chapter 10
Taylor O'Toole
GPA 3.5

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Key ideas and terms for chapter 10.
Introductory Sociology
Mark Sherry
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor O'Toole on Sunday March 13, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC1010-002 at University of Toledo taught by Mark Sherry in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at University of Toledo.


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Date Created: 03/13/16
Chapter 10 Key Terms:  Race ­ category of people who have been singled out as inferior or superior Genocide ­ the deliberate, systematic killing of an entire people or nation Prejudice ­ a negative attitude based on faulty generalizations about members of specific racial, ethnic, or other groups Stereotypes ­ overgeneralizations about the appearance, behavior, or other  characteristics of members of particular categories Scapegoat ­ a person or group that is incapable of offering resistance to the hostility or  aggression of others Racism ­ a set of attitudes, beliefs, and practices that is used to justify the superior  treatment of one racial or ethnic group and the inferior treatment of another racial or  ethnic group Discrimination ­ involves actions or practices of group members (or their representatives) that have a harmful effect on members of another group Individual Discrimination ­ consists of one­on­one acts by members of a group that harm  members of another group or their property Institutional Discrimination ­ consists of the day­to­day practices of organizations and  institutions that have a harmful effect on members of the groups Dominant Group ­ a racial or ethnic group that has the greatest power and resources in  a society Subordinate Group ­ one whose members, because of physical or cultural  characteristics, are disadvantaged and subjected to unequal treatment and  discrimination by the dominant group Critical Race Theory ­ racism is everywhere and everyone is affected by it Split labor Market ­ refers to the division of the economy into two areas of employment, a primary sector and a secondary sector Theory of Racial Formation ­ states that actions of the government substantially define  racial and ethnic relations in the United States Ethnic Pluralism ­the coexistence of a variety of distinct racial and ethnic groups  within one society Assimilation ­  a process by which members of subordinate racial and ethnic groups  become absorbed into the dominant culture Authoritarian Personality ­ characterized by excessive conformity, submissiveness to  authority, intolerance, insecurity, and rigid, stereotypic thinking Internal Colonialism ­ occurs when members of a racial or ethnic group are conquered or colonized and forcibly placed under the economic and political control of the dominant  group Frustration Aggregation Hypothesis ­ people who are frustrated in their efforts to achieve a highly desired goal will respond with a pattern of aggression toward others (turns into  scapegoat) Contact Hypothesis ­ contact between people from divergent groups should lead to  favorable attitudes and behavior when certain factors are present Ethnicity ­a category of people who identify with each other based on common  ancestral, social, cultural, or national experiences Gendered Racism ­ a form of oppression that occurs due to race and gender White Ethics ­ sociology to refer to whites who are not of Northern European or  White Anglo­Saxon Protestant background Ethnic Cleansing ­ the mass expulsion or killing of members of an unwanted  ethnic or religious group in a society Identity Politics ­ political arguments that focus upon the interest and  perspectives of groups with which people identify Essentialism ­ the view that, for any specific entity (such as an animal, a group of people, a physical object, a concept), there is a set of attributes which are  necessary to its identity and function Key Ideas: ­ Merton’s Four Combinations of Attitudes and Responses ­ Nonprejudiced/nondiscriminator ­ Prejudiced/nondiscriminator ­ Nonprejudiced/discriminator ­ Prejudiced/discriminator Feagin’s Four Major Types of Discrimination ­ Isolate discrimination ­ Small­group discrimination ­ Direct institutionalized discrimination ­ Indirect institutionalized discrimination How racial & ethnic classification continue to change ­ They continue to constantly change. ­ Racial classification have change from white to non white to more  classification such as Chinese­American, Filipino­American, etc 


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