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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kenna Muller on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to LING101 at University of Delaware taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see /class/207132/ling101-university-of-delaware in Linguistics at University of Delaware.
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Date Created: 09/19/15
Name Introduction to Linguistics Ling 101 Review questions November 1997 MORPHOLOGY 1 Give an example of a a morpheme that is not a word and b a word that is not a morpheme Z State one difference between a derivational morpheme and an inflectional morpheme Give an example of each 3 Describe brie y what zero derivation is Give an example 4 Describe brie y what a circumfix is 5 Name two different ways in which new words are added to the stock of a language Give an example of each 6 What is the structure ofthe words reopenable and thickeners You should indicate the structure by means of a tree diagram with nodes labelled with lexical categories such as adjective noun aff1x etc Give a brief argument justifying your answer 7 Consider the following data from Zulu 8 l umfazi married woman abafazi married women 2 umfani boy abafani boys 3 umzali parent abazali parents 4 umfundisi teacher abafundisi teachers 5 umbazi carver ababazi carvers 6 umlimi farmer abalimi farmers a What is the morpheme meaning singular in Zulu b What is the morpheme meaning plural in Zulu c List al the Zulu morphemes that occur in these words with their English translations SYNTAX 1 Consider the following two sentences i He gave the woman the bag of nails ii He returned the woman 5 bag of nails a Which if any of the italicized sequences of words in i and ii form a constituent b Give two arguments that support your conclusion about one of the sentences you may pick either i or ii 2 Consider the following sentences i The man in the hat met a little baby ii The woman saw a baby in a carriage a Write a set of phrase structure rules that will generate these two sentences You should include rules of the form N gt box bag etc indicating the lexical categories of the words that appear in the two sentences Ling 101 b C d 6 Class Test 2 Page 2 of 2 Draw the tree that your rules generate for the sentence in ii Give a sentence other than i and ii that is generated by your rules Will your rules generate an infinite set of sentences Why or why not What additional rules will have to be added to generate the following sentences iii The man said that the woman saw a little baby iv The little baby thought that the man met the woman 2