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by: Tatyana Bartell

MultimediaLiteracy COMM486

Tatyana Bartell
GPA 3.63


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Class Notes
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tatyana Bartell on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to COMM486 at University of Delaware taught by FredHofstetter in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see /class/207169/comm486-university-of-delaware in Communication at University of Delaware.

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Date Created: 09/19/15
Michelle E Grap Professor Fred Hofstetter COMM 486 10 May 2011 Adopting Out Animals A View on Adopting from Animal Shelters This paper discusses why a potential animal adopter should choose to adopt out animals from animal shelters It discusses the bene ts of a potential adopter selecting to adopt any animal mainly dogs especially those over the age of three years old It also examines the common failures of an adopter because of not knowing the proper skills to go about adopting an animal Finally this paper also documents the reasoning s behind evaluating the choice to bring an animal into your home By examining these topics the reader will gain a better view of the current world and its troubles with adopting out animals because of overpopulation and other related issues They will also see why it is so important to focus on the correct ways of going about adopting animals in order to cease the large problem of the relinquishment of animals after adoption occurs and also the problem of animals being euthanized simply because they have not been adopted in an allotted amount of time Since the 1940s perceived companion animal overpopulation in the United States has been an important issue to the animal welfare community Moulton Wright amp Rinky 1991 This surplus of animals has resulted in millions of dogs and cats being euthanized annually in animal shelters across the country Salman et all 207 GrapZ Companion animal overpopulation is a huge issue in today s society These companion animals are described as those who are in need of homes but do not have them The economical status of today s world has forced many pet owners to surrender their animals to shelters They are forced to give up these companions in order to pay for the simplest things they can afford in life These animals have done nothing wrong but their owners merely are not able pay the money which can give the animal the proper quality of life When time s like these occur people surrender their animals to animal shelters When people do this the numbers of animals in these animal shelters increase because of the addition of these animals to those that are strays and have never had homes Both of these types of animals deserve homes but when shelters become overcrowded the situations worsen Commonly when shelters become overcrowded they must work with shelters around them in order to give up the animals that they themselves do not have the funds to take care of them or that they simply do not have the room for This process continues until shelters all around the area have no room for these animals particularly dogs and cats Shelters would not exist if there were a demand for these animals as companions in people s homes but yet people continue to breed and continue to fail to neuter or spay their animals to prevent them from reproducing Characteristics of pets that died support the contention that spaying and neutering profoundly affects a companion animal39s life span Neidhart and Boyd 175 These issues cause these dogs that there is no longer room for or no longer the funds to care for them to be euthanized The number of animal shelters in the United States the demographics of the population of animals passing through them and the characteristics of pet owners relinquishing animals are poorly understood What portion of these animals are adopted or euthanized Grap3 why they are relinquished and their source of acquisition are all questions for which there have been little data Consequently we are no closer to answering the fundamental question of how and why many animals are destroyed each year in shelters Arkow 1994 Salman et all 207 These animals are currently homed in these shelters because they are being involuntarily surrendered because of nancial issues or because of other issues Some though are also being voluntarily surrendered Studies show that this voluntary surrendering is mainly due to people going about the adoption process too simply and therefore not understanding the correct steps to adopting an animal Not only do these animals end up being returned to the shelters but this also discourages the potential adopters from adopting another animal This then makes the problem of the overcrowding shelters and the death toll of the animals in the shelters increase even more Knowledge of how to go about adopting an animal is something every potential adopter needs to think of such as this study by Neidhart and Boyd explains opportunities to improve owners perceptions of their pets and the adoption process through a providing more information before adoption about pet health and behaviors b providing counseling to potential adopters to place pets appropriately and c educating adopters to promote companion animal health and retention Neidhart and Boyd 175 When discussing the problem of the adoption process people commonly believe that all dogs should behave the same or that all dogs should portray the same behaviors as given by information of their breed What is important to remember is that all dogs have different personalities just like humans and that both human and dog personalities impact Gmp4 relationship satisfaction Cavanaugh 469 This quote was from a study done on both dog and human personalities and it was found that commonly people accuse the dogs for any misunderstandings when in fact the people either chose the dog without evaluating its personality or the human did not consider factors in their lives that would cause the relationship not to work Another study done by John C New Jr also stated a similar concept We found that relinquishment was associated with physical and behavioral characteristics of the animals and owner characteristics and knowledge John C New Jr et all 179 From these studies it can be seen that many of these overcrowding issues in shelters can be avoided if the adopter is knowledgeable about several different factors involved in the process of adopting an animal and is knowledgeable about how to evaluate an animal s behavior Results demonstrate that the pet39s relationship to the family unit such as where the pet sleeps and how much time is spent with the pet Satisfaction and retention are attributed to the pet39s personality compatibility and behavior rather than demographic differences among adopters or between adoption settings The age of the companion animal at adoption the intended recipient and presence of children in the home also play a role Neidhart and Boyd 175 Eliminating the return of animals after adopting will improve a shelters status in overcrowding issues as well and it can also improve the happy ending stories for adopters While only 30 of animals relinquished to shelters are reported as having behavior problems the majority 69 of people who acquire dogs from shelters report their dog as exhibiting behavior problems Wells and Hepper 2000 Of these problems fearfulness excessive activity destructiveness and inappropriate elimination were the most commonly reported problems Simon 2 GrapS Despite all of the issues created surrounding adopting we must take into account the bene ts of taking an animal into the home When all of the correct steps are taken and when all the possible issues that come with having an animal are taken into a responsible mindset by the potential adopter the satisfaction and happiness of having the animal can outweigh all of the stressors that are unnecessarily created Even if the animal has behavior problems a study by Elise L Shore of the Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science showed that Changing expectations about the development of new petfamily relationships and the provision of post adoption services might help adopters tolerate the adjustment period and handle problems without resorting to returning the animal Shore 187 This then takes us to the understanding that all animals must be understood that they could have any variety of problems Even an animal in a shelter that is seemingly happy trained and social able may have underlying problems that make them unwanted or returned by the adopter As an adopter it is clear through these studies and through the overcrowding of shelters due to relinquishment issues that one must consider that any animal can end up having behavior or health issues A study done by Leslie Irvin on behalf of the Society for the Study of Social Problems showed that people are not taking into account that companion animals can have issues People want to believe that the pet they choose has no problems and that the pet is the perfect companion animal for them They then go through the adoption process without going through the appropriate steps to try and evaluate this possible problem and without understanding that even if there are no behavioral issues there still could be health issues or vice versa Grap6 Institutional quotthinkingquot portrays pets as commitments for life and shelters thus strive to offer resources that allow people to keep their animals in their homes However interviews reveal that most people simply want troublesome animals out of their homes This mismatch of intentions sheds new light on the complexities of claimsmaking and social problems work In particular the quotparadox of popularizationquot means that efforts to gain public support for de nitions of social problems often ignore or exacerbate aspects of problems that do not fit institutional frames Irvine 550 Not only do potential adopters need to have standards and knowledge of the animals in order to choose a companion but it is also very important that the shelters themselves are very particular in homing animals As a study by Linda Martson showed improving assessment and matching procedures and providing inhouse and postadoptive training could increase rehoming success rates Martson et all 358 This is because that although shelters may be driven to adopt out animals as often as possible the problem is that relinquishment is too large that it would be more beneficial for them to be more strict about who they adopt out to and to set their standards higher for adoption as a whole From these several studies it is clearly seen that the evaluation process by both potential adopters in choosing an animal to adopt and by the animal shelters doing a correct matching process are both very important when choosing an animal By going through processes like these this can help eliminate the returning of adopted animals and also make the adoption process a more enjoyable process for all that are involved Overall this will increase the amount of animals adopted out of shelters because of the great pleasure and satisfaction in the process It will also improve the quality of companionship that is given by the animals because the adopters know exactly what they are getting into and why they chose the animal that they did Adopting Grap7 an animal should be an enjoyable process and the adopting of an animal should be able to guarantee that person a companion for life and guarantee that animal a home for life GmpS Works Cited Cavanaugh Lisa A Hillary A Leonard and Debra L Scammon A tail of two personalities How canine companions shape relationships and wellbeing Journal of Business Research Animal Companions Consumption Experiences and the Marketing of Pets Transcending Boundaries in the AnimalHuman Distinction Volume 61 Issue 5 May 2008 Irvin Leslie The Problem of Unwanted Pets A Case Study in How Institutions quotThinkquot about Clients Needs Society for the Study of Social Problems University of California PressVolume 50 Number 4 November 2003 550566 Jr John C New M D Salman Mike King Janet M Scarlett Philip H Kass Jennifer M Hutchison Characteristics of ShelterRelinquished Animals and Their Owners Compared With Animals and Their Owners in US PetOwning Households Journal of AppliedAnimal Welfare ScienceVolume 3 Issue 3 2000 179201 Marston Linda C Bennett Pauleen C Coleman Grahame J Adopting shelter dogs Owner experiences of the rst month postadoption Anthrozoos A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions ofPeople ampAnimals Volume 18 Number 4 2005 pp 358378 Neidhart Laura amp Boyd Renee Companion Animal Adoption Study Journal oprplieal Animal Welfare Science Volume 5 Issue 3 2002 175192 Salman MD John G New Jr Janet M Scarlett Philip H Kass Rebecca RuchGallie Suzanne Hetts Human and Animal Factors Related to Relinquishment of Dogs and Cats in 12 Gmp9 Selected Animal Shelters in the United States Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science Volume 1 Issue 3 1998 207226 Shore Elise L Returning a Recently Adopted Companion Animal Adopters Reasons for and Reactions to the Failed Adoption Experience Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science Volume 8 Issue 3 2005 187198 Simon Adrian Buy and return improving outcomes for animal shelter dogs Vet Science 11 December 2006 17 May 2011 gthttp VipVetsciusyd eduaucontentUploadcontent72707SimonAdrianpdflt Wells D L and Hepper P G 2000 Prevalence of behaVior problems reported by owners of dogs purchased from an animal rescue shelter Appl Anim Behav Sci 69 1 5565


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