Review of Intermediate Spanish
Review of Intermediate Spanish SPN 250
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abagail Mohr on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SPN 250 at Michigan State University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see /class/207253/spn-250-michigan-state-university in Spanish at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/19/15
SPN 250 Ejercicios de repaso Examen 2 Oto o 2010 A Los tiempos perfectos Escriba la forma correcta del verbo en el presente perfecto 1 Monica decir que sabe bailar salsa 2 Yo nunca estar tan alegre 3 Jorge y yo escribir una novela juntos 4 El jefe descubrir que 10 1 39 J abrir su propio negocio 5 J T11 ver esta pelicula Ahora vuelva a escribir las frases en el pluscuamperfecto B El imperfecto de subjuntivo Escriba la forma correcta del imperfecto de subjuntivo O U 1 El gobierno mando que todos los ciudadanos de identi cacion 2 Pensaba que mi fortuna iba a cambiar tan pronto como casarse J 39 que tener came 3 La J losofia 4 Me sorprendio que 5 La policia les dijo que hacer la investigacion me tomar una clase de haber tanta Violencia en el pais guardar silencio mientras se El condicional Escriba la forma correcta del condicional A mi me Si yo supiera la respuesta te la 1 gustar ViVir en Nueva York 2 3 Juana prometio que no 4 5 eelr repetir el mismo error b poder Ud rmar aqui por favor Has estado en Madrid LCuales sitios me u 39 f Cl usulas Si Escriba la forma correcta del verbo Si tienes el tiempo t1391 Yo haria mas ejercicio si tener el tiempo i t1391 ir a Madrid comprame un poco de azafran Ella no tendria esas di cultades si prestar mas atencion El chico habla como si saber todo tener que leer este libro M WNH SPN 250 Hojas de repaso Examen 3 El pret rito perfecto de subjuntivo present perfect subjunctive haber participio pasado ado ido irregulares p 257 g39C mo se usa Spanish like English uses the present perfect to talk about what has happened The present perfect subjunctive is required when the structure of the sentence calls for the subjunctive to be used Repaso dCu ndo se necesita el subjuntivo The subjunctive is required when a there are two clauses usually with two different subjects b there is a certain meaning doubt emotion desire anticipated action etc that triggers the subjunctive The meaning triggering the subjunctive is introduced in the first main clause the subjunctive appears in the second subordinate clause gC mo se formal pret rito perfecto present perfect de subjuntivo fill in the blanks with the conjugation of haber in the present tense subjunctive haya ar ado l erir ido Los pronombres relativos que quien quienes eaosas que eaosas cuales dQu son Relative pronouns are used to connect short sentences or phrases to create longer more fluid sentences 0 El hombre entra por la puerta El hombre es mi esposo gt quotEl hombre que entra por la puerta es mi esposo quotQuequot is the most commonly used relative pronoun Use quotquequot unless there is a preposition or a comma commas set apart quotnonrestrictive clausesquot clauses that give ancillary information about the antecedent If there is a preposition or a comma you can use the longer forms ellaloslas que ellaloslas cuales Note that these pronouns are marked for number and gender according to their antecedent 0 La telenovela de la cual de la que hablamos ayer es muy comica If the antecedent is a person and there is a preposition or a comma you should use quienquienes o Pen lope Cruz de quien hablamos ayer es de Espa a OJO Relative pronouns are often omitted in English If a relative pronoun is possible in English it is OBLIGATORY in Spanish El adjetivo relativo cuyoas Cuyo cuya cuyos cuyas means quotwhosequot Note that it is marked for number and gender with whatever it modifies 0 El artista Fernando Botero cuyos retratos son famosos por todo el mundo es de Colombia El Io neutro The neutral quotloquot is used to identify general ideas and characteristics that do not have gender English expresses this idea by saying llthe adjective thingquot 0 llLo bueno de ser periodista es que pueden informar al publico Lo malo es que los periodistas no son siempre imparcialesquot o llThe good thing about being a journalist is they inform the public The bad thing is they are not always unbiasedquot To express llthe mostquot or llthe leastquot use lllo mas adjectiveadverbquot or lllo menos adjectiveadverb llLo mejor and llLo peorquot mean llthe bestworst thingquot 0 llLo mejor de ser famosa es recibir regalos Lo peor es que los regalos son de mal gustoquot o llThe best thing about being famous is getting presents The worst part is the presents are tastelessquot El futuro perfecto g39C mo se usa Spanish like English uses the future perfect to talk about what will have happened 39C mo se armor futuro perfecto fill in the blanks with the conjugation of haber in the future habr ar ado o quotCuando me gradue de MSU habr tomado mas de 40 clasesquot 0 quotWhen graduate from MSU I will have taken more than 40 classesquot El condicional perfecto g39C mo se usa Spanish like English uses the conditional perfect to talk about what would have happened g39C mo se formal condicional perfecto fill in the blanks with the conjugation of haber in the conditional habria ar ado l erir ido 0 quotYo en su lugar habria hecho otra cosaquot o quotIf I were him I would have done something elsequot El pluscuamperfecto de subjuntivo The pluperfect subjunctive is used a to talk about what had happened and b there are elements in the sentence that require the subjunctive Repaso dCu ndo se necesita el subjuntivo The subjunctive is required when a there are two clauses usually with two different subjects b there is a certain meaning doubt emotion desire anticipated action etc that triggers the subjunctive The meaning triggering the subjunctive is introduced in the first main clause the subjunctive appears in the second subordinate clause hubiera ar ado l erir ido 0 quotMe gusto que me hubieras dicho la verdadquot o It pleased me that you had told me the truthquot La voz pasiva The passive voice changes the roles played by the agent the entity that initiates a verbal situation and the patient the entity that receives the action In an active voice sentence the agent acts on a patient in the passive voice the patient becomes the subject of the sentence There are two ways of forming the passive voice in Spanish La voz pasiva con ser Note that this version of the passive voice is structured almost exactly like English patient SER agent gt La novela fue escrita por Cervantes The book was written by Cervantes 010 Notice that the participle escrita has to agree in number and gender with whatever it is modifying because it is playing the role of an adjective Also The passive voice is often but not exclusively past tense Ser can be conjugated in any verb tense La voz pasiva con se If the agent of the action is unknown or it is not important to mention it the passive voice with se is preferred Se Verbo 3a persona singular o plural The verb is singular if used with a singular noun plural when used with plural nouns Se aprobaron las leyes migratoriasquot gt The immigration laws were passed If the noun in question is a person or persons don t forget the personal aquot and the verb is always singular Se eligio al nuevo presidente en noviembrequot The new president was elected in November El se impersonal The pronoun se is also used in impersonal sentences where the subject of the sentence is not known or it is not important to mention who the subject is Como se dice murci lagoquot en ingl s gt How do youdoes one say murci lagoquot in English Notice that the pronoun se is used here for exactly the same reason as in passive constructions to eliminate or marginalize the agent Impersonal expressions are not passive however because the patient does not become the subject of the sentence Else ltltinocentegtgt The pronoun se is also used to talk about accidental or unplanned events Here se is used again to obscure the identity of the agent the person who committed the accident In other words this construction is used to imply that the event is not the speaker s fault se pronombre indirecto verbo 3a persona singularplural sujeto The indirect object pronoun me te e nos les identifies who the quotvictimquot of the accident is The verb is conjugated according to the subject singular or plural Se me olvido la tareaquot gt The homework slipped my mind Se le rompieron los vasosquot gt The glasses broke on him 010 To clarify or emphasize who the event happened to the ltltse inocentegtgt is often introduced with a namenounquot or lla pronounquot Usos del infinitivo The infinitive form of the verb is used 0 After conjugated verbs Quiero bailarquot 0 After prepositions remos a la discoteca despu s de cenarquot 0 After impersonal expressions Es bueno celebrar la herencia culturalquot 0 As the gerund English ing form of the verb llMi pasatiempo favorito es leerquot o In impersonal commands No fumarquot Repaso del subjuntivo Fill in the blanks the subjunctive usually appears when there are 1 Two often joined by the conjunction quequot 2 A certain established in the main clause such as doubt emotion subjective reality etc What are some expressions for the following categories that will trigger the subjunctive Will and influence Emotion Doubt disbelief denial The subjunctive is also used after the following adverbial conjunctions Think of the sort of thing these expressions will introduce and ask yourself what do they all have in common 0 a menos que antes de que con tal de que en caso de que para que sin que Either the indicative or the subjunctive can be used after the following expressions What is communicated by using the indicative The subjunctive o cuando despu s de que en cuanto hasta que tan pronto como
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