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This 4 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Alindseya Franklin on Saturday September 6, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to a course at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 80 views.
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Date Created: 09/06/14
2051 American Government Introduction Chapter 1 I What is Government and Why do we have it Govemment a formally established way of making and carrying out political decisions Politics the competition to shape govemment39s impact on society39s problems and goals II Why consent to be govemed Why do We allow ourselves into this arrangement What would life be like without govemment Social contract theory can guide us here to some extent It39s a normative rather than empirical theory Normative the way things ought to be Empirical the way things actually are The contract derives from the assumption that government is based on the consent of the govemed What purposes has govemment traditionally served What does govemment do a Protecting life b Protecting rights and liberties c Providing public goods d Promoting equality III But these things may at times con ict Citizens disagree about which functions are most important and which functions should be most vigorously enforced Disagreements usually arise from differences in individual priorities and the way these priorities are organized is called a Political ideology a coherent set of beliefs about how policies affect society and which policies are desirable In the US we mainly think of two liberals and conservatives what s the difference between the two How else might views be characterized Liberals Conservatives Populists Libertarians How do we tell them apart EXceptions Not everything works in the social issues model Most issues do although Conservative Populist Libertarian Liberal Freedom Control Economic Issues Requirements for Democracy I Three factors listed in your text Popular Sovereignty people are the ultimate source of all public authority Political Equality each person carries the same weight in voting and other political decision making Political Liberty freedoms of speech press religion assembly etc are essential for democracy to work Focus on Popular Sovereignty what seven conditions are important 2 Government leaders are elected 3 Elections are free and fair 4 People participate in the Political Process 5 High Quality Information is available 6 The majority rules 7 Government policies are effective The Policy Process An overview of the course Impacts
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