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Children, Youth and Family

by: Clifford Dickinson

Children, Youth and Family HDFS 212

Clifford Dickinson
GPA 3.53


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Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clifford Dickinson on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 212 at Michigan State University taught by Gipson-Tansil in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see /class/207361/hdfs-212-michigan-state-university in Human Dev And Family Sciences at Michigan State University.

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Date Created: 09/19/15
Study Guide Quiz 3 Physical Development in Adolescence3 phases of adolescence early11 14 rapid growth middle 14 16 changes nearly complete late 16 18 achieves full adult appearance and begins to take on adult roles Health Issues Depression feelings of sadness loneliness and despair are common in middle girls twice as likely Major depressive disorder MDD severe periods of depression lasting several weeks or more Difficulty concentrating loss of pleasure slow speech and movements vegetative signs sleepiness loss of appetite weight changes Dysthymialess severe form of depression but lasts longer than other types Adjustment disorder depressed mood brought on by stress is brief Effects low self esteem pervasive sadness hopelessness helplessness Suicide increased dramatically in recent years third leading cause of death number of suicide attempts peaks 15 24 yr every 90 minutes a young person commits suicide Precursors stress confusion self doubt pressure to succeed financial uncertainty Eating Disorders cultural messages on importance of being thin are clear Anorexia body image disturbance refusal to maintain minimal body weight starve out in fear of getting fat Bulimia characterized by binge eating drastic weight control measures to compensate binging and body image disturbance Protective factors promoting acceptance of broad range of appearances protect from abusive experiences promoting positive self and body image educating promoting positive focus on sources of self esteem Cognitive Development in Adolescence development of the ability to think and reason Ages 6 12 think in concrete ways Adolescence marks beginning of more complex thinking involving abstract thinking ability to reason from known principles ability to consider many points of views according to carrying criteria ability to think about thinking Late adolescence acquire ability to think systematically about logical relationships in a problem Concrete thinking to formal logical operations Consider possibilities and facts may influence decision making in positive or neg ways Attention memory strategies knowledge metacognition cognitive self regulation processing capacityspeed all improve Consequences argumentativeness self consciousness planning and decision making overwhelming options idealism and criticism Emotional and Social Development in Adolescence increased gender stereotyping of attitudes and behavior adolescents strive for autonomy shift from parents to selves and peers for guidance Parents need to balance connection and separation authoritative style can be difficult during adolescence Spend less time with family Sibling relationships change Friendships more intimate fewer quotbestquot friends friendships are or become more similar gender differences girls emotional closeness boys activities status Study Guide 312011 101500 PM thsical Develogment in Middle Childhood o Obesity 0 1 in 5 children are obese 25 of American children are obese 15 Canadian Over 80 of obese children stay that way in adulthood o Nutritional problems Little focus on eating Fewer meals with family Too few fruits and veggies amp too much fast food and P0P Poverty amp lack of nutritional food 0 Causes Overweight parents Early rapid growth or malnutrition Low SES Family eating habits Low physical activity TV 0 Health risks BP cholesterol diabetes liver gall bladder cancer o Myopia 0 Loss of vision Genetics myopia parents asian heritage Early biological trauma low birth weight Experiences reading amp close work computer use o Gender Differences 0 Boys have more muscle rough and tumble play adventurous 0 Girls Have more body fat Less rough and tumble play Cognitive Develogment in Middle Childhood o Piaget s stages of cognitive development 0 Sensorimotor 02 0 Preoperational 27 0 Concrete Operational 711 0 Formal Operational 11 o Sternberg s Theory of intelligence 0 Analytical Intelligence use strategies self regulation 0 Creative Intelligence Solve novel problems make process skills work in other areas for complex thinking 0 Practical intelligence adapt to environment to meet personal goals and demands of everyday life Study Guide Physical Development in Middle Childhood 45 511 years acquire complex abilities brain has reached 95 of its size Myelination increases in matter in frontal lobe and corpus callosum Obesity over 80 remain obese causesweight parents early rapid growth or malnutrition low SES family eating habits response to food cues low physical activity and tv 0 Health risksblood pressure cholesterol respiratory problems diabetes liver gall bladder problems cancer 0 Consequencesexperience stereotyping and teasing depressed display more behavior problems reduced life chances Myopia mypoian parents majority asian heritage low birth rate affects reading and close up work and computer use Gender differencesgirls shorter and lighter until approx 9 years girls tend to have more body fat boys are more muscular Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood 23 piaget sensorimotorbirth2exploration Preoperational27 symbolic thought Concrete operational 711 reasoning becomes logical Formal operational11 abstract thinking Operations work best with concrete objects horizontal decal master concrete operational tasks gradually attention becomes more selective adaptable and predictable Dev of attention strategies production deficiency control deficiency utilization deficiency effective strategy use development of memory strategiesrehearsal early grade school organization soon after rehearsal elaboration end of middle school sternberg s triarchic theory of intelligence analytical intelligenceapply strategies acquire task relevant and engage in self regulation Creative intelligencesolve novel problems and make processing skills automatic in free working memory for complex thinking Practical intelligence adapt shape or select environments to meet both personal goals and demands in the every day world SodaEmotional Development in Middle Childhood 1015 Peer acceptance peer groups formed in proximity and similarity adopt similar dress and behavior peer culture relational aggression exclusion Personal qualities and trust become important more selective in choosing friends friendships can last several years they influence each other s behavior 0 Categories popular rejected controversial neglected Self Esteem hierarchically structured Separate areas and general self esteem 4 separate self esteems academic competence social competence physicalathletic competence and physical appearance Droops during first years of school kl 6 9 influences culture child rearing practices messages from adults attributions Self Concept more refined me self concept Organizing observations of behaviors and internal states into general dispositions Social comparisons make comparisons by judging appearance abilities and behavior in relation to those of others


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