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Interaction with Children

by: Clifford Dickinson

Interaction with Children HDFS 320

Clifford Dickinson
GPA 3.53


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Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clifford Dickinson on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 320 at Michigan State University taught by Gipson-Tansil in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 74 views. For similar materials see /class/207362/hdfs-320-michigan-state-university in Human Dev And Family Sciences at Michigan State University.

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Date Created: 09/19/15
Study Guide for Exam 2 In uencing Children s Social Development by Structuring the Physical Environment Chapter 9 Key Aspects of Planning the Physical Environment Controllable Dimensions 7 softhard pillowcement or tricycle openclosed blocks or toy stovepuzzle or tracing pattems simplecomplex ladder doll dress computer seclusion intrusion private space for studying single stall toilet with door a tent tht can close open windows in classroom sounds of children moving outside high mobilitylow mobility gym playground tricyclenailed down seats writing center Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Physical Environment materials7uncrowded properly spaced structurally safe materials that work complete and ready to use appropriately sized Adjusting the Physical Environment 7 adding photograph artifact fresh owers removing removing the pic books when children are throwing them removing splinters or the guinea pig from someone s pocket childproo ng plugging plugs adjusting water temps collecting trash taking medicine from children The Daily Schedule 7 bene ts supports their ability to act autonomously events can be predicted and expectations are clear dependence is decreased importance of transitions and how to transition effectively the schedule should be adapted to the length of time children need to complete tasks rather than to rigid periods with particular attn to the age of the children7Ptin caretullv provide enough time live clear directions alert children ot transilion plan lor the movement ol clnldien etc rate and intensity Rate of transitions that take place during the day Intensity7the amount ofchange within a time segment and the degree to which children must attend to an adult depends on amt of programs can exercises be repeated easily397 adult child interaction Helping Children to Make Decisions Plan Implement and Evaluate Handling Children s Aggressive Behavior Chapter 1 2 4 Types of Aggression 7 accidental by accident expressiveassertive upsetangry instrumental wanting something someone has hostile bully39mg7routinely using hurtful actions such as rejection name calling or intimidation to exert power over others Desirability of Assertiveness vs Aggressiveness Both Nature and Nurture Affect Children s Aggressiveness 7 Interplay of biology and learning positive or negative from direct instruction reinforcement and modeling Aggression in Early Childhood vs the Elementary Years7younger children resort to physical force be of limited language skillolder rely on verbal tactics Younger instrumental aggression older hostile Aggression in Boys and Girls7males and females are equally aggressive just in different ways Females are more relationally aggressivegossip snob ostrasize Guys are more physically aggressive Ineffective Strategies for Reducing Children s Aggression 7 Physical Punishment Ignoring Aggression Displacement channeling anger Inconsistency Legality of Corporal Punishment in Public Schools in America7supposed to be reasonable force and physical pain Most programs require written pennission Effective Strategies for Reducing Children s Aggression 7 Positive Modeling Reinforcement and Direct Instruction The 7Step Model for Con ict Mediation7l Initiate the mediation process7ztsxtii39iie the role of mediator 2 Clarify each child s perspective7ash each child to state their pmblem 3 Sum up7 de ne the problem and imply that each child is responsible 4 Generate alternatives7generate several Suggestions may come frmm the chihhen Allow the children to e39aluale the i39ecr vmmendalions 5 Agree on a solution7utimale goal is for the children to agree on the solution 6 Reinforce the problemsolving process7pi xuse the children for coming to Ill agreement 7 follow through Special Status of Hostile Aggression 7 What makes it different from the other 3 types of aggression7when it is used to deliberately hurt another student Definition of Bullying represent prolonged misuse of influence by one person or group of persons over another Likelihood of Becoming a Victim of Bullying 80 What Characteristics Might Make a Child More Likely to Become a Victim7children with few social and communication skills Socially withdrawn insecure submissive Weak physically Impact of Bullying on Victims feeling of frustration fear humiliation and vulnerability Impact of Bullying on Witnesses may feel fear guilt hopelessness They play an imp role in determining to what extent bullying will take place and whether its accepted or rejected Impact of Bullying on Bullies may have high selfesteem7use bullying to exert the power they feel or they may feel inferior and insecure7use aggression to mass these feelings Characteristics of Bullies Some Bullies Were Victims First Short and Longterm Costs of Failing to Address Bullying Bully Prevention 7 Effective Strategies clear boundaries and consistent expectations strategies for controlling implses self talk identi cation of emotions Enhancing Play Chapter 7 The Nature of Play 7 What makes play play Bene ts of Play 7 How does play foster positive physical cognitive language emotional and social development Be able to give an example of children at play and link what they re doing to the respective developmental areas Why do you think one of the authors of your text commented that if humans did not naturally play we would have had to invent it The Six Categories of Social Participation 7 Unoccupied Behavior Onlooker Solitary Play Parallel Activity Associative Play Cooperative Play 7 acquired sequentially but not strictly hierarchicald 7 Main Types of Play 7 Exploratory Behavior manipulation and examination of objects Play with Objects 7 developmental changes Dramatic Play Pretend Play and Sociodramatic Play Construction Play Play with Movement Practice Play RoughandTumble Play Games and Humor Adult RoleEffective Strategies for Enhancing Play Supporting Children s Development Sexuality Ethnicity and Exceptional Needs Chapter 14 Stages in Acquiring GenderTyped Behavior Stages in Acquiring Racial Awareness Children s attitudes and actions towards others are affected by their ages and stages Public Law 94192 Individualized Family Service Plan IFSP Individualized Education Program IEP Twofold Purpose of Inclusion To enhance their social competence amp To promote the acceptance of children with disabilities through reduction and removal of social stigma Bene ts of Inclusion for Children without Disabling Conditions true understanding and friendships between children with different abilities Responding to Unexpected Behaviors and Awkward Situations Building an Appreciation of Diversity Making Ethical Judgments and Decisions Chapter 15 The NAEYC Ethical Code of Conduct Steps in Making an Ethical Decision Extreme Behavior 7 understanding what it can look like general de nition description what factors to consider in deciding if a behavior is extreme and what to do if it has been determined that a behavior is extreme


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