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Exploring Nursing

by: Nelle Beahan

Exploring Nursing NUR 110

Nelle Beahan
GPA 3.94

Patrick Crane

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About this Document

Patrick Crane
Class Notes
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Popular in Nursing and Health Sciences

This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nelle Beahan on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to NUR 110 at Michigan State University taught by Patrick Crane in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see /class/207399/nur-110-michigan-state-university in Nursing and Health Sciences at Michigan State University.

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Date Created: 09/19/15
Group 9 Operating Room Nursing or Perioperative Nursing Addirinnai Edumimn gag Engaiaw Training What is a Perioperative Nurse Assists in surgical procedures by preparing patients for less complex operations Sterilizes instruments and other supplies handles instruments Assists in operating room recovery room and intensive care ward AORN Association ofOperative Room Nurses httpwwwbsg ifquot i g i s95abhtm Education and Requirements With advanced education and training some Perioperative nurses elect to pursue the role of a nurse anesthetics Classroom instructions supervised clinical experience in hospitals and other health care facilities Courses include anatomy physiology microbiology chemistry nutrition and psychology RN License Graduate from state approved School of Nursing and pass NCLEXRN licensing exam Continuing Education 7 is However Perioperative Nursing education continues beyond the basic nursing programs Perioperative Nursing aspirants must earn at least a two year Associate degree in nursing BUT a 4 year Bachelor s Degree is highly recommended IV Therapy Required Two to Three years of hospital experience Acquiring certifications and participating in advanced Perioperative Nursing trainings are also highly recommended Perioperative classes are available at many different sites throughout the country to prepare nurses for a career Furthering Education Hospitals holds regular educational offering with updates for staff on patient care surgical procedures and new equipment Nurses are encouraged to attend local and national conferences and obtain professional certification Perioperative Nursing Certificate Program is offered at several colleges of Nursing This gives registered nurses extended knowledge of the theoretical components of Perioperative nursing coupled with extensive handson clinical expenence Dr Louise C Selander selandermsuedu 031810 Disease History of Nursing Week 1 2 What causes disease o How do we control what makes us sick gt Ancient times Gods gt 188039s Germ theory 2 When started 0 When 2 people were together and one gave care to the other when sick or injured 0 Prehistory before written documents oral history 0 Ancient civilizations Rome and Greece from 10000 BC 500 AD 0 Medieval Period 500 AD to 1500 AD gt Plagues 0 Modern times 1500AD gt Fall ofConstantinople 2 What does it mean to quotget sickquot 0 Implies that we expect not to get sick 0 May or may not have control over whether or not we are sick 0 Does it mean that we have a disease NO o How do nurses help us to not be sick gt Teach prevention gt Provide care 2 How many ofus get sick 0 Outbreak gt Occasional incidence norovirus gt Epidemic 0 Concentration outbreak but not isolated TB 0 Endemic gt Always present to some extent in the population measles colds In uenza o Pandemic gt Worldwide epidemic Swine Flu 1918 in uenza 60 million people died in 6 months 0 Fungi gt Toe nail fungus o Spores gt Anthrax 2 Ancient civilizations o llippocrates gt 460 BC to 377 BC gt Polytheistic gt Greek physicians gt Father ofmedicine because ofhis beliefs that illness was not caused by the Gods but there were natural things and therefore a cure origins Dr Louise C Selander selandermsuedu gt To control disease control environment 1 Theories over the centuries as to how we get sickquot 0 Vital Humors fluids gt Prominent 13th16th centuries gt Vital uids needed to be in balance 0 Now in the eye 0 Misamas gt Prominent early and mid 19th century 0 Bad aromas in the air made u sick 0 Germ theory gt Started to be accepted in late 19th century 1 Medieval Period 500AD 1500 AD 0 Dark ages 0 No organized nursing but there were nurses gt Mothers 0 Physicians gt Not based in science Educated people were primarily monks Healthcare in the home Worldwide trade and exploration which assisted in the spread of disease 0 Columbus 1 Vital Humors o Humors represented means of energy 0 Must be in balance in order to have good health 0 Predominant humor determined personality 0 Illness or pain comes from an imbalance too much too little of any one humor 0 Subject to seasonal and temperature changes 1 Vital Humors OOO 0 Humor 0 Element 0 Personality 0 Black Bile 0 Earth 0 Melancholic 0 Winter 0 Depressive o Phlegm 0 Water 0 Phlegmatic 0 Spring shows little emotion 0 Yellow Bile 0 Fire 0 Choleric irascible 0 Summer or angry 0 Blood 0 Air 0 Sanguine 0 Fall 1 Balancing Humors Bleeding Q 0 Barber surgeons o Leeches 0 Cut major arteries 6 0 Meaning of the Barber Pole gt Red Blood they took out gt White Bandages to stop bleeding Dr Louise C Selander selandermsuedu gt Blue color the people would turn after being bled gt Bowl blood collecting bowl 2 Examples 0 Terrible outbreaks ofPlague gt Bacteria gt Carried by rats eas on rats transmit gt Started near China and hit West Europe 0 Kill about 175 ofwestern Europe gt Came back in the 166039s o Moved from east to west 0 Killed 13 176 ofworld39s population gt Quarantine means 40 0 To keep the well away from sick 0 40 days oflent o 40 days between birth ofChrist and wise men Disease Nursing History Week 2 The modern era and the development ofscience 19th century disease transmission Disease was spontaneously generated from filth pythogenesis Transmitted by noxious invisible gas or miasmas Miasmatism did not account for germs as the means ofdisease transmission BUT It probably was not really wrong as it caused people to clean up the environment Medicine and Health Care 18501900 quotIt was the best oftimes It was the worst oftimes It was the age ofwisdom It was the age offoolishnessquot Recipe for disease Poverty Over crowding Lack of literacy No public services Communal water supplies Poor to no knowledge ofbirth control No control ofsewage waste Medicine and Anesthesia 1846 Boston Massachusetts General Hospital and use ofether Dr Louise C Selander selandermsuedu o Ether Flame 2 BOOM o 1847 London Use ofchloroform 0 Liquid not explosive Medicine and Bacteriology Ignaz Semmelweis 0 Hungarian Born obstetrician practicing in Vienna o Noticed effects ofisolation on mothers and occurrence ofpuerperal fever 1847 o Introduced hand washing to obstetricians and puerperal fever disappeared Lord oseph Lister 0 British surgeon o Discovered a mist ofcarbolic acid would reduce or eliminate the occurrence ofpost operative infections Wilhelm Roentgen 0 German physics director 0 Experiments were focused on charged light phenomenon 0 First x ray dated as December 22 1895 Louis Pasteur 0 French chemist o Developed the scientific basis for Semmelweis39 Theory quotGerm Theoryquot not spontaneous generation or miasmas 1861 o Pasteurization Lessons from Florence Nightingale pt 1 A time of change Victorian England 0 18391901 Florence Nightingale o 0512182008131910 0 Her father William Edward Shore Nightingale 0 Her mother Frances Smith Nightingale o Lea llurst in Derbyshire 0 Too small according to Mrs Nightingale o Embley Park in Hampshire 0 22 bedrooms 0 Very independent 0 Spoke read and wrote 6 languages by age 16 Early nursing Uneducated Would go into hospital at night and take care ofpatients 0 Most were widowed and paupers During the day some would prostitute William Howard Russell 0 London times reporter o Telegraph


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