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Fem Studies 40 Week 4 MoN1M1YK 42114 Patsy T Mink Title IX amp Women s Sports 9Patsy T Mink 1927 2002 90ne of the co sponsors of Title IX 0 Title IX of the Education Amendment of 1972 o Affected sex equity in education o Equated with sports 0 Patsy Mink Documentary Patsy T lVIink Ahead of the Maioritv 0 Patsy Mink died in 2002 Title IX Amendment renamed in 2002 Patsy T Mink Equal Opportunity in Education Act Documentary of 1999 of Women s World Cup Soccer 0 Documentary Dare to Dream 0 Global significance USA women won the world cup 0 Tied into what Patsy Mink was able to achieve as a Congresswoman in sponsoring title IX 0 Speaks to the collective activism of what allowed those athletic achievements to succeed Title IX 0 Pg 69 Course Reader 0 No person in the United States shall on the basis of sex be excluded from participation in be denied the benefits of or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal fmancial assistance o Includes even private Universities because at some point they do get federal aid 0 Before when the female got pregnant she was kicked out of school while the father was allowed to stay in school o Title IX allowed pregnant women to remain in school 0 One of the arguments against title IX if you expand proportionality for women s sports it will take away from the men s funding for sports Patsy T Mink 0 First woman of color elected to US Congress 1964 0 Mink and family were interned after the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor December 7 1941 o President Franklin Roosevelt signed into law the Executive Order which sent Japanese from their homes to Relocation Centers Concentration Camps and all of their property was taken away I These people weren t allowed to nish their education I Created a sense of shame among the Japanese By fall 1942 120000 citizens had been relocated By 1988 there was a push for 2nd generation of Japanese to get reparations and an apology from the president Ronald Regan 1898 Hawaii became a state Mink lived in Hawaii Mink s Education Mink and her family were taken away to a relocation camp Mink s applications to medical school were rejected because she was female Attended University of Chicago Law School admitted on foreign quota She married John Mink and they had a daughter who was a feminist activist Mink in Congress After election to US Congress in 1964 spoke out against the Vietnam War Ran for president of US from Oregon in 1972 in protest against Vietnam War 0 A political move on her part to protest the war After attacks of September 1 2001 Mink voted against the Patriot Act felt it was a violation of American Civil Liberties Strong advocate of rights of poor people education health care esp for females Mink s background and activism form the basis for feminist activism leading to the passage of title IX Sports as Stealth Feminism Article 8 in Course Reader Sport as Stealth Feminism of the Third Wave o 1996 Olympics the first time women were allowed to play in Soccer 1996 Olympics in Atlanta 0 Gold form women in basketball 0 Nike ad if you let me play 0 Mass media emphasis on sport as mechanism for individual goals rather than collective historical activism Reactions and backlash to media blitz about women s sport successes o Pg 88 and pg93 Pg 95 the newly iconic image of the female athlete is one of the few sites of resistance against the trend of antifeminists o Emphasis can be confusing for young females 0 Looking at mass media the emphasis is on individual achievement P 102 Reciprocal relationship of feminism amp women s sports One of the pivotal events that brought global attention 1999 Women s World Cup Soccer victory There are plusses and drawbacks Video Dare to Dream 1999 Women s World Cup The players worked overtime Mainstream sports today gets so far from their audience The women wanted to make sure that they were on as many soccer elds as possible and sold tickets 0 They went to the grassroots level to encourage people to come to the game They were unsure about how many people would show up to the game They sold out all of their tickets They appeared in the front covers of many new papers nationwide More than 90000 fans packed the Rose bowl to watch the final game USA vs China 0 July 10 1999 o For the first time a group of female athletes captured the attention of the world 0 It was the biggest sports event in history USA wins The Women became free of a burden that they had to prove themselves 0 Acceptance of the fact that women athletes didn t just want to be on the sidelines anymore they wanted to be on the eld Note the Women had won the World Cup but no one paid attention In 1996 when the Women had won Olympic soccer no one knew about it WEDNESDAY 4232014 Patsy T Mink Film Ahead of the Majority Mink was born in Maui 1927 0 Her family was is Maui for 2 decades 0 Her middle name Matsu means palm tree Her father worked on a sugar plantation o He had a college degree he was on a staff of Caucasians Japan attacked Hawaii9WWII o Patsy learned that l00 s of Japanese from Hawaii were being sent to Japanese internment camps they were ostracized for being potential traitors She was tempered 0 She graduated Valedictorian of her class 0 1947 University of Nebraska studied premed 39 She was assigned to the dorm of international students I Her dorms were not open for anyone skins darker than white I She tried to prove them wrong the next year they changed the policy 0 She applied to medical schools all of them rejected her because she was woman 9not only rejected because of her race but also because of her gender 0 She became a typist but quit 2 weeks later 0 She one of 2 women and one of 2 nonwhites in her class at Law School Patsy met John Mink in Law School 0 Within 4 months they decided to get married 0 Patsy s family was somewhat against the marriage She tried to apply to Chicago Law Firms but no one hired her because she was Asian 0 She worked at the University of Chicago Library 1952 Gwendolyn was born9Patsy and John moved to Honolulu Jack Burns asked Patsy to cochair for Congress She launched her own campaign for Congress 0 She knocked on every door in the district her grassroots strategy worked 0 She worked for Equal Pay and better schooling For decades Hawaiian Islanders wanted Hawaii to become a state Hawaii was a territory 0 Southern Democrats were against it 0 Jack Burns wanted Hawaii to become a state March 1959 statehood bill passed Hawaii becomes a state Patsy won election to the state Senate 0 1964 she ran again 0 She had perseverance 0 She campaigned for more for education She was the first woman of color in the House of Representatives 0 She served on the education and labor committee By end of 1969 there were many troops in Vietnam 0 Congress supported the war o Mink felt the con ict was a civil war and that the US had no grounds for intervention 0 She spoke out on the house oor against the Vietnam war In 1972 she went to Paris 0 Irritated 0 June 1972 she filed a case to the National Committee accusing them of choosing the delegates in secrecy 0 She won a 5th Term to Congress 0 She won admiration in the anti war movement 0 She ran for the presidency 0 She got almost no support from Democrats 0 She won 2 of the vote in Oregon for President 0 1972 feminist movement started to gain momentum 0 Women earned 58 to every dollar men made o They only made up 3 of Congress 0 Mink and Edith Green co titled Title IX established equal opportunity in education sports 0 Before it 98 of funds went to men s sports after it it left less money for men s sports 0 Carl Albert scheduled a revote o This time the vote to keep sports a part of Title IX passed by 37 votes 0 1975 Mink ran for the US Senate o There were no women and no people of color in the Senate I She lost 0 Patsy got elected chair of the city council 0 She ran for governor of Hawaii and mayor of Honolulu and lost both times 0 For the 8th time she ran for the House 0 She won by a narrow margin o Mink ew to Washington to be sworn in 0 1994 Republicans won a majority of the house 0 Controversy against Welfare 0 Mink supported Welfare Summary 0 She dared to say the right things for poor people and women 0 She was a great voice of conscience 0 She didn t try to negotiate meaning she went against many of her colleagues 0 The Welfare reform lost 0 None of the bills she introduced passed 0 She spoke out against militarism 0 She voted against the Patriot Act 0 She ran for president 0 She was the first Congresswoman of color 0 1965 She became the first Asian American Congresswoman 0 The media was very curious about her 0 August 2002 she was diagnosed with the Chicken pox and pneumonia o In 36 hours she was in intensive care and died in 2002 o Women in the country had lost such a supporter Hawaii was more than a home for her it was who she was She didn t stay in her place she did what she wanted to do She imagined a country Where race gender would not be a limit 0 She believed in equity and justice Title IX9renamed Patsy T Mink Equality Opportunity in Education Act