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Advanced Horse Management

by: Theresia Lockman

Advanced Horse Management ANS 442

Marketplace > Michigan State University > Animal Science > ANS 442 > Advanced Horse Management
Theresia Lockman
GPA 3.72

Brian Nielsen

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Brian Nielsen
Class Notes
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Theresia Lockman on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANS 442 at Michigan State University taught by Brian Nielsen in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see /class/207441/ans-442-michigan-state-university in Animal Science at Michigan State University.


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Date Created: 09/19/15
Exam 1 l Qualities Needed to be Successful a From Patti Colbert b Strong familymoral values i Trust Devoted iquot Pass it down in everything you do iv EX Vs othertrainers 1 Happiness determines success other than money and winnings 2 If not nice to people probably not nice to horses v EX Azeri 17 wins 4 million Eclipse Horse of the Year c Enthusiasm about the horse i Long hours low pay 1 Gotta love the lifestyle 2 Usually start at the bottom cleaning stalls Integrity and honesty i Reputation is everything i Very small world if you do something bad people will know e Common Sense i Common sense is uncommon ii Do you need to be a horse person to close a stall door f Ability to write and communicate i Often how first judged ii Resumes 1 Letters of Recommendation waive your right to see Don t be late i Everyone s time is important being late is being rude Professionalism i EX Sammy Thompson on Arctic Blast ii PRCA 9 Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association 1 Wranglers is a major sponsor a If working for PRCA you can t wear wranglers because they don t want to seem hick and need to seem educated i Diversity know something about everything i Prelims 1 1St Saturday in May is Kentucky Derby j Etiquette i Phone skills Be polite 1 People will form opinions k Need people skills we are a people indust i Got into training because I don t like peoplequot Ha I Ability to convert theoretical into practical i Turbo Docquot ii Lead changes made simple m Ability to listen i Gaylord Nelson 1 Founder of Earth Day 2 Senator n Solid grasp of computers and internet i Websites for farms is a good idea ii Craig s List is used to sell horses 0 Survival skills how have they gotten along If you really want to do something you ll find a way If you don t you ll find an excusequot Jim 9 3quot R0 n ll Making it in the Horse Industry Keys to Success a Know the Market i Marketing should be considered before production begins 1 2006 New Registrations a Quarter Horse166000 b Paint 40000 c Thoroughbred 37300 d Standardbred 11000 e TennesseeWalking 10116 f Arabian 7400 g Appaloosa 7050 i Let s you know how many are being bred ii Quarter horses are viewed as quite versatile iii Arabian is seen as flighty 1 Egyptian vs polish First horse is picked usually by price Vermont 9 Morgan Texas and Michigan 9 Quarter horse New Jersey 9 Standardbred a Have to bred what people want 4 Quarter horse is bred with thoroughbred b Can t keep selling horses amongst us i Need to convince more people to get into it 1 Almost in every household there is at least 1 person that wants a horse c Need to recruit new buyers i Competitive horses need grain ii Telling them what they do and don t need ow d Develop product that will attract new people e Price is a function of the economy horses are recreational f Prices also determined by i Gender ii Conformation iii Bloodlines iv Soundness v Performance record vi Your reputation g Economic Analysis i Tbreds 5 broodmares 1 Breakeven yearling price a 15710 ii Quarter horse 20 broodmares 1 Breakeven yearling price a 11731 iii Stud fees boarding vet bills advertising truck trailer dentist time farrier land property tax h Plan ahead i Many doomed if never get out of informal planning 1 EX people sell their horse and they think they made money on it because they sold it for like 3000 ii Why plan 1 Discover potential opportunities and problems X Guy paid for the trailer for shavings from tree processing places and then sell the shavings to other trainers which equals free shavings for their farm 2 See things as a whole consider everything a EX Cream of mushroom soup is made by growing the mushrooms on old shavings 3 Establish objectives long and short range goals 4 Provide yardstick for evaluation a How do you know if you got there when you don t know where you re goingquot b You can buy horses cheaper than producing one 5 Evidence to IRS that you mean business a People bred because someone has too but too many people doing it though b Some people are misinformed if not keeping good records c Goo idea to be able to deduct your expenses so you save money by paying less taxes i How much did you make and how much did you spend To evaluate must keep records i Tell when in financial trouble ii Meet legal requirements iii Credibility to IRS and others Know about horses i If you don t 1 You won t be successful 2 Hire someone who does 3 Be honest with yourself 4 Know about facilities a Have appropriate but don t go overboard Have a profit motive i Objective of any business ii V ll force decisions you might not want to make iii If you don t try to make a profit you probably won t succeed Salesmanship Techniques i Create a favorable first impression 1 Facility must be maintained neat clean grass mowed a If they care about their place they care about the horsesquot 2 People must fit the part ie clothes 3 Horses must look presentable a Saleable clean good physical condition and hair coat b 95 unknowledgeable but thinks they know everything c Fat hides a lot of sindiscipline 39 Western pleasure is suppose to be fatter but not obese when showing Knowthe market of the person coming to buy Develop feel for buyers and know yourself 1 Both hard and soft sales Be careful when giving a choice 1 Don t showthem a barn full v Can never brag too much on a horse but don t say their negatives vi Stress the good points but have a good products 1 Don t need a dishonest horseperson 2 Disclose soundness problems cribbing etc vii Bad horses should be taken to horse sale viii Dangerous horses should be sent to slaughter 1 Dangerous horses will kill people ix If you misrepresent the horse you are liable x Refer buyer to quality trainer xi Make sure amateur knows howto ride don t want to be bad mouthed xii When pricing a horse realize where you are in the industry Must have a name EX Tim McQuay 9 big Reiner IE 2 EX David O Connor 9 big jumpereventor xiii When you sell a horse for somebody deserve a commission 10 m Have a good worth ethic i Guaranteed to never be better than average if you don t have one ii Have to love the lifestyle you only work half the day Iquot Tax Tips and insurance For the horse BUSINESS a EX The official IRS Tax Guide to auditing horse activities b EX Horse insurance Specialists Inc c If such activity is not engaged in for profit no deduction attribute to such activity is allowedquot d Evidence i Profit in 2 of 7 years ii Participation Regular continuous and substantial involvement 2 About 500 hryr 40 hr work week iii Elements of personal pleasure 1 Recreation implies not in for profit a Most people work with horses because they like horses iv Taxpayer s financial status 1 If significant money from other sources more difficulty in proving Not to punish someone with money but unlikely someone with less money does activity not for profit v Amount of occasional profits earned profits in relation to losses may show intent EX May pay a lot for horse and gets injured or like Seattle Slew paid 17500 won 1 million syndicated 12 million 2 EX Dr Nielsen and Dr B having a share in the horse vi Taxpayer s history of income or losses 1 Maybe okay to have losses during setup but does it continue a Takes 4 years to make money i Year 1 9 breed mare stud fee ii Year 2 9 Pregnant mare feeding extra feed iii Year 3 9 Mare and weaning Feeding both plus vet bills iv Year 4 9 Mare and yearling still feeding both vii Taxpayer s success in other activities 1 Even if not similar if converted from unpredictable to profitable may indicate profit motive viii Expectation that assets will appreciate 1 May not include land 2 Your stock the horses ix Time and effort 1 If invest a lot and not fun then likely trying for profit 2 EX Chimney sweep business on the side to prove you want to make money x Expertise of taxpayersadvisors 1 Analyze practices read journals go to seminars 2 Use personal experience 3 Consult with experts xi Manner activity is conducted 1 Professional business cardsletterhead 2 Maintaining separate records accounts 3 Develop business plan 4 We hate to do paperwork e Horse insurance i Tim Youn ii Standard OKfor a horse or two 1 May cover if injured on small farm 2 Farm and Ranch souped upquot Slt viii IV Facilities a Over and beyond standard Umbrella Attempts to cover everything 1 Minimum 500000 but more like 1000000 Worker s Compensation Required in 49 states 1 Rate based as high as 10 of payroll 2 Need to have even if just a stall cleanerquot Horses 2 types Herd 2 cost and 2 deductible Individual varies by age breed use Broodmares 1 QH 37 2 TB 325 9 a little bit more cautious Jumping Horse 1 Under 4 37 2 Over 4 397 Racing Tbreds and QH 1 Coltsfillies 645 2 Geldings 7 3 EX Sgt Pepper Feature World Champion 900000 a Facility should I ii iii iv v Fit function how big Be flexible allow for growth Be efficient alleys Be safe ceiling height exterior walls Be cost effective inexpensive but durable b Land needs V Pasture trees drainage Arena pens parking relatively level accessible 1 Arena should be high up because if too lowthen water will form on it Barns and sheds level and high land Water availability natural well city 1 Automatic drinkers 2 City water only if close to the city a Bills using lots of water city takes care of problem 3 Well a Could dry up potentially expensive generator to pump the water if lose power Manure disposal pest and neighbor control 1 Make sure manure pile is away from animals because of parasites 2 Make sure manure pile can t be seen Zoning check it out 1 Setback 9 how far away do you have to build away from fence line c Housing minimums i ii d Sheds I ii iii iv v South shade and windbreaks North probably sheds Feeding inside adequate room 100 ft2 Doors at least 10 feet wide Roof slope away from door 9 could put eavesdrops Welldrained Open to south or east best Wherever you feed them the more clean up of feces you have to do e Stall and Barn Desi n 9 Inside and outside stalls 9 North has stalls facing inward outside is more ventilation used more down side ii Clear span roof Expansive for arenas especially if you put in beams iii Exterior 1 Wood a Horse can break wall 2 Brickconcrete a No give to it when kicked by horse b No painting necessary over time 3 Metal 4 Careful with windows iv Interior 1 Ventilation fans a lncrease ventilation ceiling fans over the divider of 2 stalls keep cord of box fans away from horse f Roofing i Shingles metal skylights 1 Metal is way quicker g Floors i Existing soil Free ii Clay 1 When it gets wet it stays wet and sticks to boots iii Concrete asphalt More porous iv Pavers 1 V ll wear out 2 Looks like a puzzle 3 Can use a leaf blower to clean v Wash racks Missed a day V Have no idea what the heading is a Polymer or Plastic i Tubular ii boardlike iii V re within plastic b Pipe and cable c Gates i Safe and strong ii No sag 1 1214 ft max of one gate two shorter gates iii Difficult for horse to open v Probably shouldn t climb over the gate v Cattle Guards 1 Bars that go over the ditch 2 Better for a smaller area d Feeders i Group 1 Wooden chew sharp edges drain holes 2 Plastic noncustomized ii Individual 1 Pasture extra 9 harder to manage weight 2 Stall safety 9 sharp edges are bad idea iii Feed by weight not by volume iv Hay 1 Racks 9 EX horse reared and a leg got stuck leg broke Needs to be at safe istance 2 Troughs 9 lot less common these days 3 Nets 9 temporary for shows or race tracks a Need to hang high b Nutrition of hay is in the leaves and stems 4 Round bale feeders 9 preferred stored inside if outside you should tarp them because things will get wasted v Waterers 1 Automatic Easy No guarantees Leaks Bucket i Amount consumed e Tanks and ponds 510 575 L ean VI Anatomy and Physiology of the Equine GI Tract a Nonruminant Herbivore i Eats plants but does not have a rumen ii Horses are always eating or sleeping b Mouth i Lips very mobile can sort out food ii Teeth need to be in good shape iii Allows them to be very selective iv Floating teeth 9 rasp the points off the teeth The teeth change over time and can help determine age 2 If you can t keep weight down then it may need to float teeth v First step of digestion and breaking down particles c Salivary glands i Parotid mandibular sublingual ii Produce 10 to 121 26 to 32 gallons of salivaday 9 want a lot iii Lubricates food and contains amylase to digest CHOs iv More saliva produced helps buffer the pH which helps less ulcers to be formed v Long stemmed forage is beneficial because it causes them to chew more which causes more saliva d Pharynx i Connects mouth with esophagus and nasal cavity with larynxtrachea ii Epiglottis covers laryngeal opening when swallowing iii When something goes down the wrong pipe the epiglottis has failed you and didn t do it s job iv Nose on top which brings in airthat goes to the tube on top and food goes down bottom tube e Esophagus i Connects pharynx and stomach ii Strong sphincter where joins stomach can t vomit or belch stomach rupture iii Theoretically horses can t belch or vomit but some horses can iv This is a problem because when fermentation occurs gastro rupture or parasites can damage the stomach wall which causes gastric rupture which equals death f Stomach i Relatively small 8 to 151 21 to 4 gal ii About 10 of GI tract iii Retention timeless than 2 hours iv Particles are moving out of the stomach pretty quickly so not much time for the initial digestionbreakdown of food Small lntestine i Three parts duodenum jejunum ileum ii About 641 17 gal iii About 30 of GI tract odenum 8 Lwer upperextremwty 9 Large 001011 oecum 11 SmaHmtestme 12 oatmg 001011 13 Rectum nus 15 Left kxdney and1t5 ureter 16 B1adder 17 Urethra


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